- Feast of Saints Peter and Paul
The Feast of Saints Peter and Paul, or properly the Solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul, is a feast commemorating the
martyrdomat Romeof the apostles St. Peterand Paul of Tarsus, observed on June 29. The celebration is of ancient origin, the date selected being either the anniversary of their death or of the translation of their relics. ["The Catholic Encyclopedia", Volume XI (Robert Appleton Company, New York, 1911), s.v., [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11567b.htm "St. Paul"] , accessed 2007-06-04.]
In the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic calendar of saints, it is celebrated as a solemnity. As such, it is one of the higher-ranking holy days during the ecclesiastical year, but is not a holy day of obligationin most countries.
This is the day of the Roman Catholic
liturgical yearon which those newly-created metropolitan archbishops who have been named in the previous church year receive the primary symbol of their office, the pallium, from the pope.
In Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Catholicsand the Eastern OrthodoxChristians this feast also marks the end of the Apostles' Fast(which began on the Monday following All Saints' Sunday—i.e., the second Monday after Pentecost). It is considered a day of recommended attendance, whereon one should attend the All-Night Vigil(or at least Vespers) on the eve, and the Divine Liturgyon the morning of the feast (there are, however, no "Days of Obligation" in the Eastern Church, per se). For those who follow the traditional Julian Calendar, June 29 falls on the Gregorian Calendardate of July 12.
In the Russian Orthodox tradition, Venerable Macarius's
Miracle of the Mooseis said to have occurred during the Apostles' Fastand the Feast of Saints Peter and Paulthat followed it.
In recent decades, this feast along with
Saint Andrewhas been of importance to the modern ecumenical movementas an occasion on which the pope and the Patriarch of Constantinoplehave officiated at services designed to bring their two churches closer to intercommunion. This was especially the case during the pontificate of Pope John Paul II, as reflected in his encyclical" Ut Unum Sint".
ignificance in other denominations
Doukhobors do not venerate saints "per se", the Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul has traditionally been a day of celebration for them. Since 1895, it acquired a new significance as commemoration of the "Burning of the Arms"—the Doukhobors' destruction of their weapons, as a symbol of their refusal to participate in government-sponsored killing—and is celebrated now by their descendants as the "Doukhobor Peace Day".Koozma J. Tarasoff, [http://www.doukhobor.org/Peace-Day.htm The Doukhobor Peace Day] ]
* [http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=101840 The Holy Glorious and All-Praised Leader of the Apostles, Peter & Paul]
Iconand Synaxarionof the Feast (Orthodox)
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