official_name = Petrópolis
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Petrópolis
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Petrópolis
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_type2 = State
subdivision_name1 = Southeast
subdivision_name2 = Rio de Janeiro
leader_title = Prefeito
leader_name = Rubens Bomtempo (PSB)
area_total_km2 = 811
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 312.183
timezone = UTC-3
utc_offset = -3
latd = 22|latm= 30|lats= 18|latNS=S
longd = 43|longm=10|longs= 44|longEW=W
elevation_m = 809.5
website = [http://www.petropolis.rj.gov.br www.petropolis.rj.gov.br]
Petrópolis, also known as The Imperial City of
Brazil, is a town in the state of Rio de Janeiro, about 65 km from Rio de Janeiro.
Nestled among the forested hills of the
Serra dos Órgãos, in the valley of the Quitandinha and Piabanha rivers, Petrópolis is a popular summer holiday spot. Besides the climate and surroundings, the main attraction is the former Summer Palace of the second Brazilian Emperor, which is now a museum, specializing in Imperial history and memorabilia.
Petrópolis is home to the National Laboratory for Scientific Computing (LNCC), a research unit of the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Brazilian Federal Government.
The town's name ("city of Peter") honors
EmperorPedro II, the nation's second monarch. The city was the summer residence of the Brazilian Emperors and aristocrats in the 19th century, and was the official capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro between 1894 and 1903.
The town's origins can be traced to Bernardo Soares de Proença, who in 1720 opened an alternative route between Rio de Janeiro and
Minas Gerais, across the Serra da Estrela. While traveling to Minas Gerais along this route, Emperor Pedro I found the region's climate pleasant, so in 1830 he bought a farm, and had his Summer Palace built there, but he never saw it finished, since he stepped down from the trone. Other Brazilian aristocrats eventually followed suit.
Under his successor Pedro II, German farmers from the
Rhinelandwere encouraged to immigrate and to settle on the Emperor's outlying lands, to help give the Palace a charming urban setting. The settlement of Petrópolis was founded on March 16, 1843, being promoted to districtin 1844 and finally cityin 1857. The road connecting the city to Rio de Janeirowas opened in 1910 and paved in 1928.
On a visit at the
Philadelphia Exposition of 1876, Pedro II was impressed by Alexander Graham Bell's new telephone, and had a line installed between the Summer Palace and the farm headquarters. Even after the establishment of the Republic and the exile of the Imperial family in 1889, the city continued to play a significant role in Brazilian history. In 1903 the Palace of Rio Negro saw the signing of a peace treaty with Bolivia, which gave Brazil the Acre territory. In August 15, 1947, the Organization of American Statesopened there the Conference for the Maintenance of Peace and Security in the Continent, from which derived the Interamerican Treaty for Reciprocal Assistance.
Stefan Zweigand his wife spent their final year in Petrópolis before committing suicide in 1942.
*Petrópolis is the birthplace of
Princess Maria da Gloria of Orléans-Braganza
*The city was featured very briefly in the TV program "
City of Men" Series 1 episode 1 (The emperor's crown) and showed the children looking around the Imperial Museum in the palace.
Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza, the 6th Prince of Grão Pará, was the founder of the Petrópolis branch of the Brazilian Imperial House.
*The city hosted the 1973
Interzonal ChessChampionship, which was won undefeatedly by Brazilian grandmaster Henrique Mecking.
*The house of aviation pioneer
Alberto Santos-Dumont, which is now a museum, is located in Petropolis.
Sir Peter Brian Medawar, co-winner of the 1960 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, was born in Petropolis. He was a British citizen.
* [http://www.petropolis.rj.gov.br/ Petrópolis City Hall]
* [http://www.lncc.br/ingles National Laboratory for Scientific Computing]
* [http://cptrans.petropolis.rj.gov.br/cptrans Petrópolis Department of Transportation Urban - CPTrans]
* [http://www.ucp.br Catholic University of Petropolis]
* [http://www.luteranos.com.br/petropolis/ Lutheran Church in Petropolis]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Petropolis — Petrópolis Pour les articles homonymes, voir Petrópolis (homonymie). 22° 30′ 18″ S 43° 10′ 44″ W … Wikipédia en Français
Pétropolis — Petrópolis Pour les articles homonymes, voir Petrópolis (homonymie). 22° 30′ 18″ S 43° 10′ 44″ W … Wikipédia en Français
Petrópolis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Petrópolis … Wikipedia Español
Petropolis — • Diocese near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Petropolis Petropolis † … Catholic encyclopedia
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petrópolis — s. m. 2 núm. [Brasil, Informal] Bastão grosso usado outrora pela polícia. ‣ Etimologia: Petrópolis, topônimo … Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa
Petropŏlis — Petropŏlis, Stadt im brasil. Staat Rio de Janeiro, in reizender Gebirgsgegend der Serra de Estrella, 842 m ü. M. und 55 km von der Reichshauptstadt, hat einen ehemals kaiserlichen und einen kronprinzlichen Palast nebst Park, viele Villen der als… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Petropolis — Petropŏlis, neulat. Name für Petersburg … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Petropolis  — Petropŏlis, Hauptstadt des brasil. Staates Rio de Janeiro, (1902) 20.000 E. (viele Deutsche) … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Petrópolis — [pə trô′pə lis] city in EC Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil, near Rio de Janeiro: pop. 242,000 … English World dictionary
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