Luis Martín Santos


Luis Martín Santos

Luis Martín-Santos Ribera (11 November 1924 - 21 February 1964) was a Spanish psychiatrist and author of "Tiempo de silencio" (Time of Silence), considered one of the greatest Spanish novels of the twentieth century.

Biography

Martín-Santos was born in Larache, Morocco in 1924. Son of the military doctor Leandro Martín-Santos, at five years of age his family moved to San Sebastián, where he would ultimately spend most of his life. He studied medicine in Salamanca and received his doctorate in psychiatry in Madrid, where he developed friendships with specialists like doctors Juan José López Ibor, Pedro Laín Entralgo, and Carlos Castilla del Pino. At the same time, he became interested in literature and spent time at the Café Gijón, where he met many prominent writers of his generation like Ignacio Aldecoa, Rafael Sánchez Ferlosio, and Juan Benet. He also spent time with Alfonso Sastre.

As a journalist, he published "Tauromaquia" (Bullfighting) and "Noticia del coloquio sobre realismo y realidad en la literatura contemporánea" (News from the Colloquy on Realism and Reality in Contemporary Literature). As a poet, he wrote "Grana Gris" which was published in 1945. His most important work was done as a narrator, an area in which he is considered to have initiated the technical revolution of the Spanish social novel during the sixties.

In 1951 he became director of the psychiatric hospital of San Sebastián and subsequently reintegrated into the life San Sebastián. He participated in the so-called "Academia Errante," a debate forum created by restless Spanish intellectuals in the sixties who were searching for new forms of expression. He read Jean Paul Sartre extensively and became interested in existentialism.

He married a woman named Rocío in 1953 and later wrote a thesis entitled "Dilthey, Jaspers y la comprensión del enfermo mental" (Dilthey, Jaspers, and Understanding the Mentally Ill) in 1955 and also the essay "Libertad, temporalidad y transferencia en el psicoanálisis existencial" (Freedom, Temporality, and Transference in Existential Psychoanalysis) in 1964. He labored in the then-clandestine Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE) and was thrown into prison on three occasions. He became a member of the Executive Committee and became friends with the socialist leader Enrique Múgica Herzog.

Near the end of 1950 he finished writing the novel "Tiempo de silencio", which was published in 1962 with twenty censored pages. An uncensored edition was not published until 1981. In this novel he makes innovative use of interior monologue, second person, indirect free style, stream of consciousness, "desrealización", and mythification, narrative devices that had been pioneered earlier by James Joyce.

His wife Rocío died the following year. He wrote "Tiempo de destrucción" (Time of Destruction), that was left incomplete when the author died in a traffic accident in Vitoria, Spain on 21 February 1964. Nevertheless, it was published in 1975. The same publisher also released a posthumous collection of his short stories, entitled "Apólogos", in 1970.

Works

*"Dilthey, Jaspers y la comprensión del enfermo mental" 1955
*"Libertad, temporalidad y transferencia en el psicoanálisis existencial" 1964
*"Tiempo de silencio"
*"Tiempo de destrucción"
*"Apólogos" 1970

References

*es icon [http://luismartinsantos.gipuzkoakultura.net/cast/KOLDO MITXELENA Kulturunea] page with short biography and three essays about "Tiempo de silencio".


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  • Luis Martín-Santos — Ribera (Larache, Marruecos, 11 de noviembre de 1924 – Vitoria, España, 21 de febrero de 1964) fue un escritor y psiquiatra español, autor de Tiempo de silencio, considerada una de las mejores novelas españolas del siglo XX. Contenido 1 Biografía …   Wikipedia Español

  • Luis Martín-Santos — Ribera (* 11. November 1924 in Larache, Marokko; † 21. Januar 1964 in Vitoria, Spanien) war ein spanischer Schriftsteller und Psychiater. Sein Roman Tiempo de silencio (1961) leitete die Erneuerung der spanischen Literatur in den 1960er Jahren… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luis Martin Santos — Luis Martín Santos Luis Martín Santos Ribera (Larache, Maroc, 1924 Vitoria, Espagne, 21 février 1964), écrivain et psychiatre espagnol, est l auteur de Tiempo de silencio, considéré comme l un des plus importants romans espagnols du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luis Martín Santos — Ribera (Larache, Maroc, 11 novembre 1924 Vitoria, Espagne, 21 février 1964), est un écrivain et psychiatre espagnol, auteur de Tiempo de silencio, considéré comme l un des plus importants romans espagnols du XXe siècle. Biographie Fils du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luis Martín Santos — Ribera (Larache, Marruecos, 1924 Vitoria, España, 21 de febrero de 1964), escritor y psiquiatra español, autor de Tiempo de silencio, considerada una de las mejores novelas españolas del siglo XX. Hijo del médico militar Leandro Martín Santos, se …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MARTÍN SANTOS (L.) — MARTÍN SANTOS LUIS (1924 1964) L’écrivain espagnol Luis Martín Santos, mort prématurément, a peu publié. Mais son œuvre tranche sur la production assez terne de l’Espagne d’après guerre. Esprit curieux et original, doté d’une très grande culture …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Martín-Santos, Luis — b. 1924, Larache (Morocco); d. 1964, Vitoria    Psychiatrist and novelist    Luis Martín Santos (not to be confused with a less well known novelist of the same name, without the hyphen, born in 1921) was born in a Spanish outpost in Morocco,… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • Martín Santos — Martín Santos, Luis …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Martín-Santos, Luis — ▪ Spanish author and physician born Nov. 11, 1924, Larache, Morocco died Jan. 21, 1964, San Sebastian, Spain       Spanish psychiatrist and novelist.       Martín Santos received a medical degree from the University of Salamanca and, in 1947, a… …   Universalium

  • Martín-Santos — Martị́n Sạntos,   Luís, spanischer Schriftsteller und Psychiater, * Larache (Marokko) 1924, ✝ (Autounfall) Vitoria 21. 1. 1964; war seit 1957 Direktor der psychiatrischen Klinik in San Sebastián. Sein Roman »Tiempo de silencio« (1962; deutsch… …   Universal-Lexikon


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