# Cotorsion group

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Cotorsion group

In mathematics, in the realm of abelian group theory, an abelian group is said to be cotorsion if every extension of it by a torsion-free group splits. If the group is C, this is equivalent to asserting that Ext(G,C) = 0 for all torsion-free groups G. It suffices to check the condition for G being the group of rational numbers.

Some properties of cotorsion groups:

• Any quotient of a cotorsion group is cotorsion.
• A direct product of groups is cotorsion if and only if each factor is.
• Every divisible group or injective group is cotorsion.
• The Baer Fomin Theorem states that a torsion group is cotorsion if and only if it is a direct sum of a divisible group and a bounded group, that is, a group of bounded exponent.
• A torsion-free abelian group is cotorsion if and only if it is algebraically compact.
• Ulm subgroups of cotorsion groups are cotorsion and Ulm factors of cotorsion groups are algebraically compact.

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