- October Revolution Island
October Revolution Native name: Остров Октябрьской Революции
October Revolution Island, Russia
Geography Location Arctic Coordinates Archipelago Severnaya Zemlya Area 14,170 km2 (5,471 sq mi) Area rank 56th Highest elevation 965 m (3,166 ft) Highest point Mount Karpinsky CountryRussia
The area of this island has been estimated at 14,170 km2 (5,470 sq mi) making it the 56th largest island in the world. It rises to a height of 965 m (3,166 ft) on Mount Karpinsky. Half the island is covered with glaciers reaching down into the sea. In the sections free from ice, the vegetation is desert or tundra. The island was discovered by Boris Vilkitsky in 1913, but its insularity wasn’t proven until 1931, when Georgy Ushakov and Nikolay Urvantsev charted the archipelago during their 1930–32 expedition.
October Revolution Island houses five domed ice caps; clockwise from north, they are named: Rusanov, Karpinsky, University, Vavilov and Albanov. The Vavilov Meteorological Station was operated from 1974 to 1988 on the northern part of the Vavilov Ice Cap. Other minor ice caps on the island include the Mal'yutka Glacier. The Podemnaya River and the Bolshaya River drain to the northwest between the Vavilov and Albanov glaciers, and the Bedovaya and Obryvistaya Rivers drain to the north between Albanov and Rusanov.
There has been a request to rename this island Svyataya Alexandra (St. Alexandra).
- ^ McCoy, John F. (ed.) (2002) Geo-Data: The World Geographical Encyclopedia Thomson-Gale
- ^ Barr, William (1975). "Severnaya Zemlya: the last major discovery". Geographical Journal 141 (1): 59–71.
- ^ "Октябрьской Революции Остров" Great Soviet Encyclopedia
- ^ "Severnaya Zemlya" OceanDots.com
- ^ Bassford, R.P. et al. (2006) "Quantifying the Mass Balance of Ice Caps on Severnaya Zemlya, Russian High Arctic. I: Climate and Mass Balance of the Vavilov Ice Cap" Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 38(1): pp.1–12 link to abstract only
- ^ Männik, Peep et al. (2002) "Silurian and Devonian strata Severnaya Zemlya and Sedov archipelagos (Russia)" Geodiversitas 24(1): pp. 99–122;
- ^ Search – Krasnoyarsk Territory – Rosnedvizhimost
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