Bilabial nasal


Bilabial nasal

The bilabial nasal is a type of consonantal sound used in almost all spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is IPA|m, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is m. The bilabial nasal occurs in English, and it is the sound represented by "m" in "map" and "rum".

It occurs nearly universally, and few languages (e.g., Mohawk) are known to lack this sound.

Features

Features of the bilabial nasal:

* Its manner of articulation is stop, which means it is produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract.
* Its place of articulation is bilabial which means it is articulated with both lips,
* Its phonation type is voiced, which means the vocal cords are vibrating during the articulation.
* It is a nasal consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the nose.
* It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by allowing the airstream to flow over the middle of the tongue, rather than the sides.
* The airstream mechanism is pulmonic egressive, which means it is articulated by pushing air out of the lungs and through the vocal tract, rather than from the glottis or the mouth.

Occurrence

See also

* List of phonetics topics

References

Bibliography

*Harvard reference
last=Carbonell
first=Joan F.
last2=Llisterri
first2=Joaquim
year=1992
title=Catalan
journal=Journal of the International Phonetic Association
volume=22
issue=1-2
pages=53-56

* Harvard reference
last=Cruz-Ferreira
first=Madalena
year= 1995
title=European Portuguese
journal=Journal of the International Phonetic Association
volume=25
issue=2
pages=90-94

*Harvard reference
last=Fougeron
first=Cecile
last2=Smith
first2=Caroline L
year=1993
title=Illustrations of the IPA:French
journal=Journal of the International Phonetic Association
volume=23
issue=2
pages=73-76

* Harvard reference
last=Gussenhoven
first=Carlos
year= 1992
title=Dutch
journal=Journal of the International Phonetic Association
volume=22
issue=2
pages=45-47

*Harvard reference
last = Jassem
first = Wiktor
year= 2003
title=Polish
journal=Journal of the International Phonetic Association
volume=33
issue=1
pages=103-107

*Harvard reference
last = Martínez-Celdrán
first= Eugenio
last2 = Fernández-Planas
first2= Ana Ma.
last3 = Carrera-Sabaté
first3 = Josefina
year= 2003
title=Castilian Spanish
journal=Journal of the International Phonetic Association
volume=33
issue=2
pages=255-259

*Harvard reference
last = Okada
first = Hideo
year= 1991
title=Phonetic Representation:Japanese
journal=Journal of the International Phonetic Association
volume=21
issue=2
pages=94-97

*Harvard reference
last =Padgett
first= Jaye
year= 2003
title= Contrast and Post-Velar Fronting in Russian
journal= Natural Language & Linguistic Theory
volume=21
issue=1
pages=39-87

*Harvard reference
last = Rogers
first = Derek
last2 = d'Arcangeli
first2 = Luciana
year= 2004
title=Italian
journal=Journal of the International Phonetic Association
volume=34
issue=1
pages=117-121

*Harvard reference
last = Shosted
first = Ryan K.
last2 = Vakhtang
first2 = Chikovani
year= 2006
title=Standard Georgian
journal=Journal of the International Phonetic Association
volume=36
issue=2
pages=255-264

*Harvard reference
last = Thelwall
first= Robin
year= 1990
title= Illustrations of the IPA: Arabic
journal=Journal of the International Phonetic Association
volume=20
issue=2
pages=37-41


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nasal bilabial — Nº de orden AFI 114 AFI (texto) m AFI (imagen) Secuencia HTML …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nasal consonant — Manners of articulation Obstruent Plosive (occlusive) Affricate Fricative Sibilant Sonorant Nasal Flap/Tap …   Wikipedia

  • Bilabial ejective — pʼ Image …   Wikipedia

  • Bilabial clicks — The bilabial clicks are a family of click consonants found as phonemes only in the Tuu family, in the Unicode|ǂHõã language of Botswana, in a single word in Hadza, and in the Damin ritual jargon of Australia. The symbol in the International… …   Wikipedia

  • Bilabial — Artikulation eines bilabialen Verschlusslauts Artikulationsorte labial bilabial labiodental dental alveolar alveolopalatal postalveolar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nasal labiodental — Nº de orden AFI 115 AFI (texto) ɱ AFI (imagen) Secuencia HTML …   Wikipedia Español

  • bilabial — Synonyms and related words: accented, allophone, alveolar, apical, apico alveolar, apico dental, articulated, articulation, aspiration, assimilated, assimilation, back, barytone, broad, cacuminal, central, cerebral, check, checked, close,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • nasal — Synonyms and related words: accented, allophone, alveolar, apical, apico alveolar, apico dental, articulated, articulation, aspiration, assimilated, assimilation, asthmatic, back, barytone, bilabial, blurred, breathing, breathy, broad, cacuminal …   Moby Thesaurus

  • Stimmhafter bilabialer Nasal — IPA Zeichen m IPA Zeichen Beschreibung lateinische Minuskel m IPA Zeichen Unicode Code U+006D (m) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Consonante bilabial — Una consonante bilabial es una consonante que se articula juntando ambos labios. Contenido 1 Introducción 2 Adquisición 3 Véase también 4 Referencias …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.