- Mowag Piranha
Irish ArmyMowag Piranha IIIH (armed with 12.7 mm HMG), on the streets of Dublinfor the 2006 Easter Military Parade.
type=Armoured wheeled vehicle
length=6.25 to 7.45 m [http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/row/piranha.htm FAS.org - Piranha overview - Stats] ]
width=2.5 to 2.66 m
height=1.8 to 1.98 m
weight=From 9,500 kg
speed=100 km/h [http://www.army-technology.com/projects/piranha/specs.html Army-Technology.com - Specifications - Piranha III / LAV III Wheeled Armoured Vehicles] ]
vehicle_range=The Mowag Piranha is a family of
armoured fighting vehiclesdesigned and manufactured by the Swiss Mowag corporation(now part of General Dynamics European Land Combat Systems). Four generations of vehicles have been produced, and variants include the Light Armoured Vehicle (LAV) in service with many militaries.
Design and development
It is available in 4x4, 6x6, 8x8, and 10x10 wheel versions. There are several variants within these versions, giving different degrees of armour protection and several kinds of
turrets, for use in a variety of roles. Piranha derivatives have been assigned roles as troop transports, command vehicles, fire supportvehicles, tank trainers, and police vehicles.
Piranhas are used by the Swiss Army. Swiss-built Piranha derivatives have been exported to
Sweden, Denmark, Irelandand Spain. Piranha derivatives have been manufactured under licence by General Dynamics ( Canada), BAE Systems Land Systems(UK), Komatsu ( Japan), Cardoenand FAMAE( Chile), and in the USA.
Belgian Armyhas selected the Piranha IIIC 8x8. It has decided to convert to all wheeled vehicles, simultaneously removing the current main battle tank, the Leopard 1, from the inventory. The Piranha is modern and armoured, but lacks the protection, firepower and mobility of a conventional tracked tank. In total 242 vehicles will be delivered, of which 104 optional.
The 8x8 US Army
Strykervehicle is derived from the Canadian LAV IIIwhich in turn is based on the Piranha, as is the LAV 25family in service with the USMC. The Australian Defence Forcealso has its own modified version of the Piranha known as the ASLAV(Australian Light Armoured Vehicle). The ASLAV is operated by two cavalry regiments (the 2nd Cavalry Regiment and 2nd/14th Light Horse Regiment) and is used in the armoured reconnaissance and armoured personnel carrier roles.
Some variants, like the
United States Marine Corps's Light Armored Vehicle-25 (LAV 25) and its derivatives, are equipped with propellers for amphibious use, though their abilities are limited to sheltered waters.
A new Piranha V version, weighing in between 25 to 30 tons, was announced as the provisional winner of the
British Army's FRES program on the 8th May 2008. [cite web
United KingdomMinistry of Defense
title=Drayson: New vehicles will have "vital part to play in the Army of the future"
date=June 8, 2007
*BOT - 50 Piranha IIIs
Brazilian Marine Corps
*flagicon|Canada Canadian Army
Chilean Marine Corps[Chilean built 4x4, 6x6 and 8x8 in different configurations for the Chilean Army.]
Ghana Army[ [http://www.gaf.mil.gh/index.php?CatId=78&CategoryId=57&page=1 Ghana Armed Forces ] ]
New Zealand Army
Royal Army of Oman
*flagicon|Qatar Qatar Army
Romanian Land Forces
Saudi Arabian Army
Saudi Arabian National Guard
*flagicon|Spain Spanish Navy Marines
United States Army
United States Marine Corps
Notes and references
* [http://www.mowag.ch/ www.mowag.ch] - including [http://www.mowag.ch/En/02_ProdukteEn/PIRANHAEn/02-02_Frameset.htm PIRANHA concept]
* [http://www.army-technology.com/projects/piranha/ Army-Technology.com - Piranha]
* [http://www.swissmotor.ch/artikel/051_099/0091.htm Swissmotor.ch - Neue Radpanzergeneration bei MOWAG - Der PIRANHA III]
* [http://www.soldf.com/piranhaiii_asv.html Soldf.com - Piranha III 10x10 Armoured Sensor Vehicle]
* [http://danskpanser.dk/Hjulkoretojer/PiranhaIIIC.htm DanskPanser.dk - Danish Piranha IIIC]
* [http://danskpanser.dk/Hjulkoretojer/PiranhaIIIH.htm DanskPanser.dk - Danish Piranha IIIH]
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