Sapience


Sapience

Sapience is often defined as wisdom, or the ability of an organism or entity to act with appropriate judgment. Judgment is a mental faculty which is a component of intelligence oralternatively may be considered an additional faculty, apart from intelligence, with its own properties. Robert Sternberg [cite book
last = Sternberg
first = Robert J.
authorlink = Robert Sternberg
title = Wisdom, Intelligence, and Creativity Synthesized
publisher = Cambridge University Press
year = 2003
location = New York
id = ISBN 0-521-80238-5
] has segregated the capacity for judgment from the general qualifiers for intelligence, which is closer to cognizant aptitude than to wisdom. Displaying sound judgment in a complex, dynamic environment is a hallmark of wisdom.

The word "sapience" is derived from the Latin word "sapientia", meaning wisdom. cite book
title=Latin Dictionary
authors=Lewis, C.T. and Short, C.
publisher=Oxford University Press
year=1963
url=http://www.oup.com/uk/catalogue/?ci=9780198642015
ISBN-13 = 978-0-19-864201-5
] Related to this word is the Latin verb "sapere", which means "to taste, to be wise, to know"; the present participle of "sapere" forms part of ""Homo sapiens"", the Latin binomial nomenclature created by Carolus Linnaeus to describe the human species. Linnaeus had originally given humans the species name of "diurnus", meaning man of the day. But he later decided that the dominating feature of humans was wisdom, hence application of the name "sapiens". His chosen biological name was intended to emphasize man's uniqueness and separation from the rest of the animal kingdom.

ee also

*Sentience
*Self-awareness
*Metacognition - considered to be one of the definitions of sapienceAlso used as a Christian/fore name in the late 16th century

References

External links

* [http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/jsuebersax/Lexicon.htm Wisdom Lexicon Project]


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  • SAPIENCE — Calque en français médiéval du mot latin sapientia signifiant science, sagesse, sapience désigne le savoir moral et philosophique reposant sur une tradition. Au sens large, on peut comprendre sous ce terme tous les écrits didactiques touchant à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sapience — Sa pi*ence, n. [L. sapientia: cf. F. sapience. See {Sapient}..] The quality of being sapient; wisdom; sageness; knowledge. Cowper. [1913 Webster] Woman, if I might sit beside your feet, And glean your scattered sapience. Tennyson. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sapience — c.1300, “wisdom, understanding,” from O.Fr. sapience, from L. sapientia, from sapientem (see SAPIENT (Cf. sapient)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • sapience — SAPIENCE. s. f. Sagesse. On appelle vulgairement la Province de Normandie. Le pays de sapience …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • sapience — index caliber (mental capacity), common sense, judgment (discernment), sagacity, sense (intelligence) …   Law dictionary

  • sapience — (sa pi an s ) s. f. 1°   Terme vieilli qui est synonyme de sagesse. •   La crainte du Seigneur est la sapience, BALZ. le Prince, ch. 25.    Pays de sapience, la Normandie, ainsi dite à cause de la sagesse des lois que lui donna Rollon, ou… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • SAPIENCE — s. f. Sagesse. Il est vieux, et ne s emploie guère que dans cette phrase proverbiale, Le pays de sapience, La Normandie.  Absol., La Sapience, se dit quelquefois, en style théologique, Du livre de Salomon qu on appelle autrement La Sagesse.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • SAPIENCE — n. f. Sagesse. Il est vieux et ne s’emploie guère que par affectation d’archaïsme ou par plaisanterie. Absolument, La Sapience se dit en style théologique du Livre de Salomon qu’on appelle autrement La Sagesse. Salomon dit, dans la Sapience …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • sapience — noun The property of being sapient, the property of possessing or being able to possess wisdom. I then marked out three ways in which we can instead describe and demarcate ourselves in terms of the sapience that distinguishes us from the beasts… …   Wiktionary

  • sapience — noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo French, from Latin sapientia, from sapient , sapiens, present participle Date: 14th century wisdom, sagacity …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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