- Pope Lucius II
English name=Lucius II
birth_name=Gherardo Caccianemici dal Orso
March 9, 1144
February 15, 1145
Pope Lucius II (died
15 February, 1145), born Gherardo Caccianemici dal Orso, was Popefrom March 9, 1144until his death.
Bologna, he became canon in his native city, then Cardinal Priestof Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, later treasurer of the Roman Church, papal legate in Germany for Pope Honorius II(1124–30) and later for Pope Innocent II(1130–43). It must be ascribed chiefly to his exertions that Lothair IIImade two expeditions to Italyfor the purpose of protecting Pope Innocent II against the antipope Anacletus II(1130–38). Innocent II appointed him papal chancellorand librarian.
His stormy pontificate was marked by the erection of a revolutionary republic at
Romewhich sought to deprive the Pope of his temporal power, and by the recognition of papal suzerainty over Portugal.
In 1144 he met
Roger II of Sicily(1130–54) at Cepranoto clarify the duties of Roger as vassalof the Holy See. Lucius II was not willing to accept the demands of Roger and rejected them, but Roger II forced Lucius II to accept his conditions by sending his general Robert of Selbyagainst him.
Roman Senate, which practically took all temporal power from the Pope during the pontificate of Innocent II and was dissolved by Lucius II, was resurrected, encouraged by Lucius II's defeat. Lucius II called unsuccessfully for the help of Emperor Conrad III(1138–52) against the Senate and the patrician Giordano Pierleoni, brother of the former Antipope Anacletus II, and finally marched against them with a small army. This fight was lost by Lucius II, too. According to Godfrey of Viterbo, he was seriously injured during this battle (by a thrown stone) and died a few days later from his injuries.
* cite book
last = Duff
first = Eamon
title = Saints and Sinners: A History of the Popes
publsiher = Yale University Press
year = 2001 | pages = pp. 140–141. | isbn = 0300091656
* cite book
last = Maxwell-Stuart | first = P. G.
title = Chronicle of the Popes: The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Papacy from St. Peter to the Present
publisher = Thames & Hudson
year = 2002 | pages = p. 95 | isbn = 0500017980
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