- IDS Center
The IDS Center (or IDS Tower) is the tallest building in
Minneapolisand the state of Minnesotaat 792 feet (241.4 m). Opened in 1974 as the IDS Centre, [at the time the Europeanism was supposed to reflect the tower's role in catapulting Minneapolis into its present status as a world-class city] it stood 775 feet 6 inches (236.4 m), though a 16-foot (4.9 m) garage for window washing equipment was added at a later date. In 1992, the 776-foot (236.5 m) tall First Bank Place, now known as 225 South Sixth, was completed nearby. However, it was advertised at the time as 774 feet (235.9 m) tall, one foot (0.3 m) shorter than the IDS "out of respect". A dispute eventually erupted in 2004–2005 and the rooftop garage is now included in the building's height, restoring it to first-place status in the city. Overall, the structure rises to 910 feet (277.4 m) when including communications spires on the roof, indisputably the highest points in the city. The IDS was constructed as the headquarters of Investors Diversified Services, Inc.—now Ameriprise Financial. It also housed the headquarters for the Target stores division of Dayton Hudson Corporation (now Target Corporation) from 1972 until it moved to its own new headquarters building in 2002.
The IDS became the tallest skyscraper in Minneapolis when it surpassed the height of the 30-story
Foshay Towerin 1972 while under construction, ending that building's 43-year reign over the city skyline. Assembly of the building was followed with great interest, and the topping-off ceremony was a major civic event in the city. Today, many high-risebuildings in Minneapolis echo design features of the IDS Center, particularly its sleek, modernistic glass facing.
Design and environment
A lobby and
shoppingarea at the bottom of the tower is known as the Crystal Court, and provides skywayconnections between the tower and the rest of downtown Minneapolis. The building has an observation deck(closed in 1978 and now rented by the law firm of Schwebel, Goetz & Sieben, P.A.), but it has been closed to the public since the beginning of 1994. Thousands of people came for one last visit on December 31, 1993. A public restaurant named Windows on Minnesota operated for several more years on the 50th floor. Windows on Minnesota now exists as a banquet space and is owned and operated by the Marquette Hotel, which is part of the IDS complex.
Because of the IDS Center's peculiar and unique stepback design, termed "zogs" by its architect,
Philip Johnson, each floor has a maximum of 32 corner offices. The area of Nicollet Malljust in front of the IDS Center is familiar to many televisionviewers: the character of Mary Richards on "Mary Tyler Moore" tossed her hat into the air on the site in the opening sequence used for several seasons. A statue of her was erected across the street from the building three decades later. She is also seen in the opening credits at Basil's Restaurant on the third floor in the Marquette Hotel, where diners can sit on the terrace at the table where the shot was filmed. Mechanical floors are present both convert|50|ft|m above street level and at the very top of the building, these can be easily told from the inhabited floors by their darker facing.
The Wells Fargo Center (formerly the Norwest Tower) is very close to the IDS Center; from certain angles, the reflection of the WFC can be seen in the glass facing of the IDS Center. The same is also true of the Foshay Tower.
The building has not been without structural problems. Since soon after its construction, the Crystal Court has had issues with water leaking through the roof after rain or snow due to effects of Minnesota's extreme freeze-thaw cycle.Susan Feyder, [http://www.startribune.com/535/story/1225387.html 34 years later, IDS may finally be high AND dry] , "Star Tribune", June 4, 2007.]
The battle for tallest status
The owners of
225 South Sixth(formerly First Bank Place) and the architects behind the design stated that it rose 774 feet (235.9 m) tall upon its completion in 1992. However, the height had been increased due to an engineering need, according to Tom O'Mara, the building's construction manager. There were some ventilation ducts near the roof that required about 14 more inches (35.6 cm) of height. O'Mara added an extra 10 inches (25.4 cm) to that, bringing the building to a total of 776 feet 0 inches (236.5 m).
In the years following completion, the actual height eventually became known as it was published in
almanacs and other listings of building height. The owners of 225 South Sixthwere hesitant to claim that their building was taller than IDS, and usually deferred the honor to the more well-known structure. As area journalists reported on the sale of the IDS Center to the John Buck Companyin 2004 and the death of designer Philip Johnsonin 2005, they came face-to-face with the fact that the roof of the tower was one foot lower than its neighbor.
Emporis.com restored the IDS Center to first-place status in the city in February 2005 by including the height of the window-washing garage, although that has not completely ended the dispute. A spokesperson for the
Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, which sometimes handles height disputes, stated that it would be unlikely for the garage to be included in the official height because many would not consider it to be an integral part of the building's design.
It is unclear if the height of 225 South Sixth reaches to the top of the "halo" surrounding the screen walls (walls designed to hide cooling towers on the roof), so the height of the flat roof might be somewhat shorter, or that building might similarly be able to add to its height by including the additional structure. Presently, the IDS is considered to be 15 feet (4.6 m) taller than the former First Bank Tower.
It is also important to note that height measurements are sometimes incorrectly reported due to conversion from
U.S. customary unitsto the metric systemand back again. The IDS was often reported as 774 feet (235.9 m) in height because of this problem, occasionally appearing to be two feet shorter than its competitor.
The building has two secret floors between the 8th and 9th floors. They are known as 8A and 8B. They are not accessible from any of the building's passenger elevators and contain HVAC equipment. As a result, the 9th floor is really the 11th floor and the 51st floor is really 53rd. This can be elucidated from the outside of the building or by walking down the stairwell from the 9th floor or higher.
The building was purchased by the John Buck Company in December 2004. The company paid US$225 million for the building. Just over a year later in January 2006, the company began looking for new buyers. In August 2006 it was sold to The Inland Real Estate Group of Companies, Inc., for approximately $277 million.
The IDS has 1.4 million square feet (120,000 m²) of office and retail space.
Communication spires on top of the building tower to 910 feet (277.3 m), the highest point in Minneapolis. A number of major FM radio stations who formerly broadcast from the site now use the IDS as a backup in case their primary location in
Shoreview, Minnesotawere to fail. Some televisionbroadcasters using the tower include broadcasters like Univision, and the Home Shopping Network. The roof of the IDS Center is also home to the [http://www.w0ids.com/ W0IDS] UHF Amateur radio repeater, one of the widest coverage repeaters in the Midwest. The top of the IDS is also used for microwave transmission and reception by WCCO-TV, KSTP-TV, KMSP-TV, and KAREnews trucks, in order to relay video to their stations.
In popular culture
*Mary Tyler Moore's character was shown dining in Basil's restaurant overlooking the Crystal Court in the introduction to the Mary Tyler Moore Show.A spoof of the Mary Tyler Moore's show scenes appear on Husker Du music video covering the Mary Tyler Moore theme song featuring the IDS Crystal Court.
*The building was briefly mentioned by
Steve Buscemiin "Fargo" - "IDS Building, the big glass one, tallest skyscraper in the Midwest after the Sears - uh, Chicago...John Hancock building whatever..."
*The building appeared in
Remy Zero's music video, "Save Me."
Hold Steady's song "Party Pit" (Off their album Boys and Girls in America) contains the lyrics, "I saw her walking through the Crystal Court. /She made a scene by the revolving doors."
There have been three deaths as a result of falls from the IDS Tower, one by accident and two by suicide. In 2007, Fidel Danilo Sanchez-Flores, a worker removing snow from the IDS Center's Crystal Court roof, slipped and fell three stories through the glass canopied atrium to his death. [http://wcco.com/local/ids.fall.injured.2.603268.html]
In 2001, a 30-year-old man jumped to his death from the 51st floor. [StarTribune, March 1, 2001, David Chanen] , crashed through the Crystal Court, and landed by a fountain near a restaurant. In 1996, a 32-year-old man knocked out a window in the 30th floor of the IDS Center and jumped to his death.
List of tallest buildings by U.S. state
List of tallest buildings in Minnesota
*Katherine Glover (May 2004). [http://www.rakemag.com/stories/printable.aspx?itemID=4482&catID=146&SelectCatID=146 Public Icon, Private Property.] "
*Rick Bronson (February 17, 2005). [http://www.emporis.com/en/bu/nc/ne/?id=101285 IDS Tower restored to tallest status.] Emporis.com.
* [http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_2006_August_21/ai_n16677796 Business Wire (August 21, 2006).]
* [http://www.schwebel.com Schwebel, Goetz & Sieben, P.A.]
* [http://www.ids-center.com/ IDS Center]
* [http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=122742 Emporis.com: IDS Tower]
* [http://public.fotki.com/MNCapital/twincitiespagecom/minneapolis_buildings/ids_tower/ IDS Tower photos]
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