- Film format
A film format is a technical definition of a set of standard characteristics regarding image capture on
photographic film, for either stills or movies. It can also apply to projected film, either slides or movies. The primary characteristic of a film format is its size and shape.
In the case of motion picture film, the format may also include audio parameters (though often not). Other characteristics usually include the
film gauge, pulldown method, lens anamorphosis(or lack thereof), and film gateor projector aperture dimensions, all of which need to be defined for photography as well as projection, as they may differ.
Movie film formats
List of film formats"
Digital camera formats
Image sensor format"
Still photography film formats
(A) Unless otherwise noted, all formats were introduced by
Kodak, who began allocating the number series in 1913. Before that, films were simply identified by the name of the cameras they were intended for. [cite web |url=http://members.aol.com/Chuck02178/film.htm |title=The History of Kodak Roll Films |accessdate=2007-06-17]
(B) Discontinued by major manufacturers but still produced by
(C) Discontinued by major manufacturers in 1995 but still produced by
Fotokemika, in Croatia, and Bluefirein Canada.
"For roll holder" means film for cartridge roll holders, allowing
roll filmto be used with cameras designed to use glass plates.
The primary reason there were so many different negative formats in the early days was that prints were made by contact, without use of an
enlarger. The film format would thus be exactly the same as the size of the print -- so if you wanted large prints, you would have to use a large camera and corresponding film format.
Size (in inches) Type 1⅝×2⅛ "sixteenth-plate" tintypes 2×2½ "ninth-plate" tintypes 2×3 sheet film 2½×3½ "sixth-plate" tintypes 3×4 sheet film 3⅛×4⅛ "quarter-plate" tintypes 3¼×4¼ "quarter-plate" glass plates 3¼×5½ postcard or 3A 4×5 sheet film 4¼×6½ "half-plate" glass plates 4½×5½ "half-plate" tintypes 4×10 sheet film 5×7 sheet film 7×17 sheet film 8×10 sheet film 8×20 sheet film 8½×6½ "full-plate" glass plates, tintypes 11×14 sheet film 12×20 sheet film 14×17 sheet film 16×20 sheet film 20×24 sheet film Size (in cm) Type 6.5 × 9 sheet film 9 × 12 sheet film 10 × 15 sheet film 13 × 18 sheet film 18 × 24 sheet film 24 × 30 sheet film
See [http://www.rwhirled.com/landlist/landfilm.htm] for a full list of Polaroid films.
Designation Type SX-70 Polaroid flat film cartridge with integrated battery Type 37 Polaroid roll film cartridge Type 47 Polaroid roll film cartridge Type 88 Polaroid flat film cartridge Type 100 Polaroid flat film cartridge
Fuji produce instant films and film backs for sheet film cameras.
Medium format (film)
Photographic printingfor a table of standard photographic print sizes
*List of motion picture-related topics
* [http://www.henninger.com/library/hdtvfilm/ Film Formats and HDTV]
* [http://www.film-center.com/formats.html Table of Film formats] by Mark Baldock
* [http://www.zerocut.com/tech/formats.html A comparison of large scale film formats]
* [http://www.nwmangum.com/Kodak/FilmHist.html Kodak roll films starting with 101]
* [http://members.aol.com/Chuck02178/film.htm The history of Kodak roll films]
* [http://medfmt.8k.com/bronfilms.html Classic camera film sizes, sources, and film adapters]
* [http://www.digitalfoto-berlin.de/archiv/filme/filme-rapid.htm AGFA Rapid]
* [http://www.toptown.com/nowhere/kypfer/Rapid/ 35 mm cameras using the AGFA Rapid cassette]
* [http://www.kodak.com/global/en/consumer/products/techInfo/aa13/aa13.shtml History of Kodak cameras]
* [http://www.rwhirled.com/landlist/landfilm.htm All about Land (Polaroid) instant film formats]
* [http://www.widescreenmuseum.com/ American Widescreen Museum]
* [http://www.saunalahti.fi/animato/filmhist/filmhist.html Sub-35mm movie film formats history webpage]
* [http://www.edinphoto.org.uk/1_early/1_early_photography_-_sizes.htm Plate and tintype sizes]
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