- Women's Party (UK)
The Women's Party was a minor
political partyin the United Kingdom. It was founded by Christabel and Emmeline Pankhurstwhen they dissolved the Women's Social and Political Unionin November 1917.
The party proclaimed the need for more stringent measures in support of Britain in
World War I. Indeed, it gave out white feathers to all conscientious objectors. It changed the name of its paper from "Votes For Women" to "Brittania": a paper which concentrated on enlisting women for the war effort. It claimed that this was far more important than the fight for women's suffrage, although it also had policies on equality for women and the abolition of trade unions.
At the 1918 general election, following the passing of the
Parliamentary Qualification of Women Act 1918, the party stood Christabel as a candidate in the Smethwick constituency in Staffordshire. She won 47.8% of the vote, losing by only 778 votes to her only opponent, the Labour Party's John Davison. [* cite book |last=Craig |first=F. W. S. |authorlink= F. W. S. Craig |title=British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 |origdate= |origyear=1969 |edition= 3rd edition |year=1983 |publisher= Parliamentary Research Services |location=Chichester |id= ISBN 0-900178-06-X]
In 1919, Christabel was chosen as the Coalition's
Prospective Parliamentary Candidatefor Westminster Abbey, but in the event no by-election was held until 1921, when the Conservative Party chose their own candidate to represent the Coalition. [ [http://www.britainunlimited.com/Biogs/PankhurstC.htm Britain Unlimited: Dame Christabel Pankhurst] ] The Women's Party wound itself up in June 1919.
* [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WpankhurstC.htm Schoolnet: Christabel Pankhurst]
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