- United States Air Force officer rank insignia
This chart displays the
United States Air Forceofficer rank insignia. The ranks are divided into three sections: company grade, field grade, and general officers. Company grade officers are those officers of grades O-1 to O-3. Field grade officers are those of grades O-4 to O-6. General officers are those of O-7 and above.
Currently, promotion from Second Lieutenant to First Lieutenant is virtually guaranteed after two years of satisfactory service. The promotion from First Lieutenant to Captain is competitive after successfully completing another two years of service. Promotion to Major and above is through a board process. An officer's record is reviewed by a selection board at the Air Force Personnel Center at
Randolph Air Force Basein San Antonio, Texas. This process occurs approximately between the nine- and eleven-year mark, where a certain percentage of Captains will be selected for Major. This process will repeat at the 13-16 year mark for promotion to Lieutenant Colonel and then around the twenty-year mark for promotion to Colonel.
Wear of insignia
On the Air Force
Mess Dressuniform, officer rank insignia are embroidered in silver or gold thread on detachable shoulder boards which are attached to the mess dress jacket. No rank insignia are worn on the mess dress shirt.
service dressuniform, metal rank insignia pins are worn on the epaulets of the Air Force Blue service dress jacket. Rank insignia are embroidered in silver or gold thread on Air Force Blue epaulets which slide onto the epaulet loops on the light blue shirt. The slide-on epaulet for field-grade officers' shirts has a single line of silver piping toward the outer edge of the epaulet. The slide-on epaulet for general officers' shirts has silver piping on both the inner and outer edges of the epaulets. These slide-on epaulets are also worn on the cardigan and pull-over uniform sweaters.
The Flight Dress Uniform (FDU) features subdued cloth rank insignia sewn onto the shoulders. The cloth name tag worn over the officer's left breast pocket also indicates the officer's rank. The Air Force flight cap is worn with the FDU and service dress uniforms. The flight cap is solid Air Force Blue for enlisted personnel, but features a solid silver edge braid for general officers, and an edge braid in a silver and blue diamond pattern for other officers. Officers wear a bright metal rank insignia toward the front edge of the (wearer's) left side of the flight cap.
Battle Dress Uniform(BDU) and Airman Battle Uniform(ABU) feature subdued cloth rank insignia worn on both sides of the collar. The BDU cap features a rank insignia centered on the front of the cap, above the bill, which may be a subdued cloth insignia or subdued metal pin-on insignia, MAJCOM commanders may authorize wear of the bright non-subdued grade insignia by officerson BDU caps while in garrison. [ [http://www.e-publishing.af.mil/shared/media/epubs/afi36-2903.pdf AFI36-2903 ] ] Air Force officers authorized to wear berets (including Security Forces, Special Tactics Officers, and SEREspecialists) wear a bright metal rank insignia on the beret's flash.
Subdued rank insignia, as worn on the BDU and FDU, are designed to reduce visibility of the wearer under field conditions. The subdued versions of silver insignia are embroidered in dark blue thread on an olive-drab backing. The subdued versions of gold insignia are embroidered in brown thread on an olive-drab backing. On desert uniforms, tan backing replaces the olive-drab backing (with black thread in place of dark blue thread). Subdued metal insignia are black and brown in place of silver and gold, respectively.
Agents of the
Air Force Office of Special Investigationswho are officers normally do not wear uniforms while on duty, but even when in uniform they often do not wear rank insignia. However, when attending Professional Military Educationcourses, they do wear rank insignia. Chaplains wear normal rank insignia reflecting their military rank, except that chaplains may wear a chaplain badge in lieu of rank insignia on the BDU cap. General officers wear black stars as subdued rank. [ [http://www.e-publishing.af.mil/shared/media/epubs/afi36-2903.pdf AFI36-2903 ] ]
The current Air Force officer rank names and insignia were borrowed from the Army upon the establishment of the Air Force as a separate service in 1947. This explains why the Air Force has brigadier generals but no brigades. The insignia have been essentially unchanged since then, except for a brief period during the 1990s.
The Army origin explains why the color silver outranks gold in Air Force officer insignia. In the early 19th century, Army infantry colonels wore gold eagles, while all other Army colonels wore silver eagles. When the Army later decided to adopt a single color of eagles for all colonels, that single color was silver, apparently because more silver eagles than gold eagles were already in use. Lieutenant colonels received silver oak leaves next, to match the silver eagles of full colonels. Majors were then given gold oak leaves to distinguish them from lieutenant colonels. Once the precedent of silver outranking gold was set, it was followed when gold bars were later created for second lieutenants, who had no grade-specific insignia until the early 20th century.
During the 1990s, Air Force Chief of Staff General
Merrill A. McPeakredesigned the service dress uniform to give it a more distinctive look. His redesign replaced the metal rank insignia for officers with silver braid on the sleeves, similar to the Navy's officer rank insignia. This was done in the traditions of the British Royal Air Force, and the Canadian Forces. The "McPeak uniform" was very unpopular, drawing comparisons to the jackets worn by airline pilots, and the traditional rank insignia were reinstated shortly after General McPeak's retirement in 1994.
* [http://www.e-publishing.af.mil/shared/media/epubs/AFI36-2903.pdf Air Force Instruction (AFI) 36-2903] Dress and Personal Appearance of Air Force Personnel
* [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/ROTCMiscNGB/Silver%20and%20Gold%20Insignia.htm Use of Silver and Gold Officer Insignia of Rank] . U.S. Army Institute of Heraldry.
* [http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Nov1999/n11221999_9911224.html Insignia: The Way You Tell Who's Who in the Military] . Jim Garamone, Armed Forces Press Service.
* [http://www.afa.org/magazine/July2006/0706bluesuit.asp Whatever Happened to the Plain Blue Suit?] Bruce D. Callander, Journal of the Air Force Association. July 2006, Vol. 89, No. 7.
* [http://www.military.com/NewContent/0,13190,Defensewatch_092603_Connors,00.html Not the Time for 'Designer Battle Dress'] . Paul Connors, Military.com. 26 September 2003.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
United States Air Force enlisted rank insignia — The chart below represents the current enlisted rank insignia of the United States Air Force.While all Air Force military personnel are referred to as Airmen , it can specifically refer to the pay grades of E 1 through E 4 which are below the… … Wikipedia
United States Air Force — USAF redirects here. For other uses, see USAF (disambiguation). The U.S. Air Force redirects here. For the song, see The U.S. Air Force (song). United States Air Force … Wikipedia
United States Air Force uniform — The United States Air Force uniform is the standardized military dress worn by members of the United States Air Force.Mess DressThe Mess Dress Uniform is used for formal or semi formal occasions such as Dining ins, the annual Air Force Ball,… … Wikipedia
United States Air Force Academy — Infobox University name = United States Air Force Academy established = 1954 motto = type = Federal military academy head label = Superintendent head = Lt Gen John F. Regni city = Colorado Springs state = Colorado country = USA undergrad = 4,000… … Wikipedia
United States Air Force Security Forces — Security Forces Badge Active As Military Police (1942 1948) … Wikipedia
List of United States Air Force Academy alumni — Traditional hat toss and flyover by Air Force Thunderbirds at the graduation ceremony at the United States Air Force Academy … Wikipedia
Deputy Chief of Chaplains of the United States Air Force — Howard D. Stendahl Deputy Chief of Chaplains of the United States Air Force Born St. Paul, Minnesota Allegiance … Wikipedia
Air Force Commander's Insignia — Description The Air Force Commander s Insignia is a badge of the United States Air Force which has been in existence since 2002. Also known as the USAF Commander’s Badge , the Air Force Commander s Insignia is awarded to any Air Force officer who … Wikipedia
Air Force ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation — The following table presents images of the rank insignia used by the Russian Federation Air Force (VVS). The independent Russia inherited the ranks of the Soviet Union, although the insignia and uniform was altered a little, especially the re… … Wikipedia
United States Navy officer rank insignia — Contents 1 Rank categories 2 Rank and promotion system 3 Commissioned Officer Ranks … Wikipedia