Act Against Slavery


Act Against Slavery

The Act Against Slavery was an Act passed by Upper Canada on July 9, 1793 to prohibit slavery. The Act remained in force until 1833 when the British Parliament's Slavery Abolition Act abolished slavery in all parts of the British Empire.

Even before becoming Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada, John Graves Simcoe stated his intention to treat persons of African, Canadian, or European origin equally. After seeing a Black woman slave fight her owner as he forced her into a boat to take her across the river to the United States to be sold, he attempted to pass an Act immediately abolishing slavery throughout the province. This was strongly resisted on the grounds that it would be a serious economic blow to the colony, and he was forced to modify his Act to allow for a gradual elimination of slavery instead.

Simcoe's Act stated that all slaves in the province would remain enslaved until death, that no new slaves could be brought into Upper Canada, and that children born to female slaves would be freed at age 25. (At the time, the average life expectancy of slaves in the colony was 18 years for Natives and 25 years for Africans.) Further, any children born to this second generation while they were still slaves would be free from birth. This ensured the eventual end of slavery in Upper Canada, although as it diminished the sale value of slaves within the province it also resulted in slaves being sold to the United States. Some slaves in Upper Canada also ran away south to the free states, thus gaining their liberty via a sort of reverse Underground Railroad.

Simcoe's Act was the first attempt to abolish slavery in the British Empire, although slaves remained in Upper Canada until 1834 when the British Parliament's Slavery Abolition Act finally abolished slavery in all parts of the Empire.

References

* "The Hanging of Angélique". Afua Cooper (2006), Harper Collins. ISBN 0002005530

ee also

*Slavery in Canada
*Black Canadians


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Slavery in Canada — was practiced for millennia by aboriginal nations, who routinely captured slaves from neighbouring tribes. However, chattel slavery (that form of hereditary slavery in which humans are regarded as the private property of an individual) started… …   Wikipedia

  • Slavery Abolition Act 1833 — Infobox UK Legislation short title=Slavery Abolition Act 1833 parliament=United Kingdom Parliament long title=An Act for the Abolition of Slavery throughout the British Colonies; for promoting the Industry of the manumitted Slaves; and for… …   Wikipedia

  • Slavery at common law — in former colonies of the British Empire, developed slowly over centuries, characterised by inconsistent decisions and varying rationales for the treatment of slavery, the slave trade, and the rights of slaves and slave owners. Until 1807 there… …   Wikipedia

  • Slavery in Britain and Ireland — dated back to the times of Roman occupation. It was finally abolished by the Slavery Abolition Act 1833, with some exceptions for part of the British Empire. The prohibition on slavery and servitude is codified under Article 4 of the European… …   Wikipedia

  • Slavery in the United States — began soon after English colonists first settled Virginia in 1607 and lasted until the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1865. Before the widespread establishment of chattel slavery, much labor was organized …   Wikipedia

  • Slavery in the British and French Caribbean — refers to slavery in the parts of the Caribbean dominated by France or the British Empire.The Lesser Antilles islands of Barbados, Antigua, Martinique and Guadeloupe were the first important slave societies of the Caribbean, switching to slavery… …   Wikipedia

  • Slavery and Christianity — • Discusses the history Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Slavery and Christianity     Slavery and Christianity     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Slavery in Romania — Slavery (Romanian: robie ) existed on the territory of present day Romania since before the founding of the principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia in 13th ndash;14th century, and it was abolished in stages during the 1840s and 1850s. Most of… …   Wikipedia

  • Slavery — Slave redirects here. For other uses, see Slave (disambiguation). Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • Slavery and religion — Part of a series on Slavery Contemporary slavery …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.