Lomonosov, Russia


Lomonosov, Russia
Lomonosov (English)
Ломоносов (Russian)
-  Municipal town[citation needed]  -
Lomonosov church.jpg
Cathedral of St Michael the Archangel
Lomonosov is located in Russia
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Lomonosov
Coordinates: 59°55′N 29°46′E / 59.917°N 29.767°E / 59.917; 29.767Coordinates: 59°55′N 29°46′E / 59.917°N 29.767°E / 59.917; 29.767
Lomonosov gerb2007.gif
Coat of arms
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Saint Petersburg
Statistics
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
43,002 inhabitants[1]
Population (2002 Census) 37,776 inhabitants[2]
Time zone MSD (UTC+04:00)[3]
Founded 1710[citation needed]
Previous names Oranienbaum (until 1948)[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 812[citation needed]
Official website
Location of Lomonosov in St. Petersburg

Lomonosov (Russian: Ломоно́сов; before 1948: Oranienbaum, Ораниенба́ум) is a municipal town in Petrodvortsovy District of the federal city of St. Petersburg, Russia, situated on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland, 40 kilometers (25 mi) west of St. Petersburg proper. Population: 43,002 (2010 Census preliminary results);[1] 37,776 (2002 Census).[2]

It is the site of an 18th century park and palace complex (see Oranienbaum). The palace is the only one of the famous palaces in the vicinity of St. Petersburg that was not captured by the Germans during World War II.

It was granted town status in 1710.

Contents

Name

The original name of the town is Oranienbaum, which means "orange tree" in German (in modern German, the word is Orangenbaum). It was initially applied to the palace complex, which had greenhouses for exotic plants. Its present name honors the scientist, poet and glassblower Mikhail Lomonosov. In 1754, Lomonosov founded a colored-glass factory near Oranienbaum, in the village of Ust-Ruditsa. A third, unofficial name, Rambov (a contraction of "Oranienbaum") is popular among the locals.

Lomonosov can be reached by suburban train from St. Petersburg's Baltic Terminal to Oranienbaum Station.

The Great Palace with the Lower Park is an outstanding artistic complex of the first quarter of the eighteenth century. It was built in 1710-25 opposite Kronstadt, in the neighbourhood of the royal residence Peterhof, by the architects Giovanni Mario Fontana and Gottfried Johann Schadel and was intended for Alexander Menshikov, a close associate of Peter the Great.

People from Oranienbaum

The city was the birthplace of Igor Stravinsky (1882–1971), a composer of modern classical music, and footballer Aleksandr Mostovoi.

International relations

Twin towns/sister cities

Lomonosov is twinned with:

Gallery

External links

References

  1. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  2. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  3. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication).



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