- Employers' organization
An employers' organization, employers' association or employers' federation is an association of
employers. A trade union, which organizes employees is the opposite of an employers' organization. The role and position of an employers' organization differs from country to country, dependent on the economic systemof a country.
In countries with a
pluralistor anglo-saxon economic system (such as the United Kingdom and the United States), where there is no institutionalized cooperation between employers' organizations, trade unions and government, an employers' organization is an interest groupor advocacy groupthat through lobbyingtries to influence government policy. In these countries, employers' organizations tend to be weak, with many of their functions taken over by industry trade groups, which are basically public relationsorganization.
In countries with a
social market economy, such as Austria, Sweden and the Netherlands, the employers' organizations are part of a system of institutionalized deliberation, together with government and the trade unions. In tri-partite bargaining the so-called social partnersstrike agreements on issues like price levels, wage increases, tax rates and pension entitlements. In these countries collective bargainingis often done on a national level not between one corporation and one union, but national employers' organizations and national trade unions.
Chamber of Commerce
List of employer associations
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