London Transport Executive


London Transport Executive

The London Transport Executive (LTE), commonly known as London Transport, was the organisation responsible for public transport in the Greater London area, UK, between 1948-1963.

Creation

The organisation was created by the Transport Act 1947 and replaced the London Passenger Transport Board. The organisation was in public ownership. It became part of the British Transport Commission, which meant that London Transport and British Railways were under the same management for the first and last time in their respective histories.

Projects

The main priority of the BTC was to modernise its main-line railways. This led to nearly two decades of chronic underinvestment in the London Transport infrastructure.

A great deal of the early work of the LTE was spent repairing and replacing stock and stations damaged during the war. LTE also oversaw the completion of the delayed Central Line expansion, which had been part of the 1935-40 New Works Programme begun by the LPTB. By 1949, the westbound extension to West Ruislip and the eastbound extension to Ongar was finished.

However most of the uncompleted projects which were part of the New Works programme were postponed or shelved. These included plans to extend the Bakerloo line to Camberwell, and to extend the Northern line to Bushey Heath, linking up the separate branches terminating at Edgware and Mill Hill East in the process.

The only other significant accomplishment of the LTE, with regard to the maintenance of the London Underground network, was the completion of the electrification of the system. This project mostly consisted of electrifying the outer sections of the Central line and the Metropolitan line.

On the Central line steam locomotives were still operating between Greenford and West Ruislip in the west and between Leytonstone and Ongar in the east when the LTE took over. Electrification to West Ruislip was completed in 1948, leading to the start of passenger trains which did not require locomotive changes on 21 November of that year. On the same day electrification round the "Fairlop loop" in the east was completed. And from 25 September 1949 electric tube trains were in operation between Loughton and Epping. This left a steam shuttle service operating between Epping and Ongar which was not electrified until 18 November 1957. New trains were introduced on to the line in 1959.

The modernisation of the Metropolitan Line, the final part of the New Works programme which had not been completed or scrapped, was finally given the go-ahead by the BTC in 1956. This consisted of electrification between Rickmansworth and Amersham and Chesham, some station reconstruction and the replacement of the rolling stock. Steam locomotives were fully withdrawn from the Underground network on 9 September 1961. By the end of 1962 new A stock trains had replaced all the pre-war stock on the Metropolitan Line.

The London Transport Executive started direct recruitment in Ireland and the Caribbean in the 1950s.

The LTE oversaw the eliminiation of London's trams in 1952 and trolleybuses in 1962. In terms of bus transport the iconic Routemaster bus was first introduced in 1956.

Abolition

By the late 1950s the BTC was in serious financial difficulties, largely due to the economic performance of the railways. It was criticised as an overly bureaucratic system of administering transport services and had failed to develop an integrated transport system (such as integrated ticketing and timetabling). It was abolished by Harold Macmillan's Conservative government under the Transport Act, 1962. This replaced the LTE with the London Transport Board, which was directly accountable to the Ministry of Transport.

ee also

*History of transport in London (1933-2003)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • London Transport — is a colloquialism used to identify the entity responsible for mass transit in London. The statutory bodies in effect over time have been:*London Passenger Transport Board (1933–1948) *London Transport Executive (1948–1963) *London Transport… …   Wikipedia

  • London Transport Board — The London Transport Board, commonly known as London Transport , was the organisation responsible for public transport in London, UK, and its environs from 1963 1970.The organisation was created in 1963 by the Transport Act 1962 and replaced the… …   Wikipedia

  • Passenger transport executive — In the United Kingdom, passenger transport executives (PTEs) are local government bodies which are responsible for public transport within large urban areas. They are accountable to bodies called integrated transport authorities (ITAs) which were …   Wikipedia

  • Passenger Transport Executive — In the United Kingdom, Passenger Transport Executives (PTEs) are local government bodies which are responsible for public transport within large urban areas. They are accountable to bodies called Passenger Transport Authorities (PTAs) (see below) …   Wikipedia

  • West Midlands Passenger Transport Executive — Type Passenger Transport Executive Industry Public transport Founded 1969 (Transport Act …   Wikipedia

  • West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive — Type Passenger Transport Executive Industry Public transport Founded 1974 (Local Go …   Wikipedia

  • Merseyside Passenger Transport Executive — Type Passenger Transport Executive Industry Public transport Founded Transport Act 1968 …   Wikipedia

  • Tyne and Wear Passenger Transport Executive — Nexus Type Passenger Transport Executive Founded Transport Act 1968 (as Tyneside PTE) Headquarters Nexus House, St James Boulevard …   Wikipedia

  • Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive — Infobox Company company name = Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive company company type = Passenger Transport Executive foundation = Transport Act 1968 (as SELNEC PTE) location = 2 Piccadilly Place, Manchester, England key people =… …   Wikipedia

  • Portal:London Transport — THE LONDON TRANSPORT PORTAL Wikipedia portals: Culture Geography Health History Mathematics Natural sciences People Philosophy Religion Society Technology …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.