- Vicariate Apostolic of Northern Victoria Nyanza
The Vicariate Apostolic of Northern (Victoria) Nyanza was a Roman catholic missionary jurisdiction in present
The mission was founded in 1878 by the
White Fathersof Cardinal Lavigerie, was erected into a Vicariate Apostolicon 31 May, 1883, with Mgr. Livinhac as the first vicar Apostolic. When the latter was raised to the superior-generalship of the Society of White Fathers (October, 1889), the Holy See appointed Mgr. Hirth as his successor. A Decree of 6 July, 1894, divided Victoria Nyanza into three autonomous missions: the Vicariate Apostolic of Southern Nyanzain the German Protectorate, of which Mgr. Hirth retained the government and became the first titular; those of the Upper Nile and "Northern Nyanza", in English territory, the former given to the Fathers of Mill Hilland the second to the White Fathers. From the 18 provinces of Uganda the Decree of 1894 detached that of Kyaggiveand Kampala Mengo, which it placed under the jurisdiction of the Fathers of Mill Hill, and gave to Northern Nyanza the remaining 17 provinces of the Kingdom of Buganda, the three Kingdoms of Unyoro, Toroand Ankole, and in the Belgian Congoan isosceles triangle whose top was the northern point of Lake Albert Nyanzaand whose base followed the 30th degree of longitude.
Three groups shared the portion of Northern Nyanza lying in the English protectorate; the first, that of the
Baganda, in the early 20th century represented by 670,000 inhabitants, gave support to evangelization. the 1886 Ugandan Martyrswere Baganda. The second, the Banyoro, numbered 520,000 aborigines; the third, the Bahima(who are Hamites), the leading class in the shepherd Kingdom of Ankole, was a minority not exceeding 50,000 souls. The total population of Northern Nyanza equaled therefore about 1,500,000 inhabitants, of whom 1,400,000 were in English territory, and 360,000 in the Congo country.
At the time of its creation (July, 1894) Northern Nyanza had an administrator, 17 missionaries divided among 5 stations, 15,000 neophytes and 21,000 catechumens. In July, 1896, the date of the death of Mgr. Guillerman, the first vicar Apostolic, the vicariate had 6 stations, 21 missionaries, and 20,000 baptized Christians. In July, 1911, it had 1 bishop, Mgr. Henri Streicher (preconized 2 February 1897), Bishop of
Tabarcaand second vicar Apostolic of Southern Nyanza, 118 missionaries divided among 28 stations, 113,810 neophytes and 97,630 catechumens. All the missionaries of Northern Nyanza, including the vicar Apostolic, were members of the Society of White Fathers. The native clergy consisted only of 2 subdeacons, 4 minor clerics and 4 tonsured clerics. They were assisted by 28 European religious of the Society of White Sisters, and by an institute of native religious called the Daughters of Mary. Eleven hundred and five Baganda and Banyoro teachers cooperated in educational work and in the service of 832 churches or chapels.
The headquarters of the mission was at Villa Maria, near
Masaka, Uganda; there were situated the residence of the bishop, the two seminaries, a flourishing mission station, the central house of the White Sisters, the novitiate of the native sisters, and a printing establishments where there was published monthly in the Lugandalanguage 16-page magazine entitled "Munno". Entebbewas the seat of the procuratorof the vicariate.
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