Carl Otto Nicolai


Carl Otto Nicolai

Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai (June 9, 1810 Königsberg – May 11, 1849 Berlin) was a German composer, conductor, and founder of the Vienna Philharmonic. Nicolai is best known for his operatic version of Shakespeare's comedy "The Merry Wives of Windsor" ("Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor"). In addition to five operas, Nicolai composed lieder, works for orchestra, chorus, ensemble, and solo instruments.

Biography

Nicolai, a child prodigy, was born in Königsberg, Prussia. While still a youth he ran away from his home and parents and secured himself as a student of Carl Friedrich Zelter in Berlin. After initial successes in Germany, including his first Symphony (1831) and public concerts, he became musician to the Prussian Embassy in Rome. During the early 1840s he established himself as a major figure in the concert life of Vienna. In 1844 he was offered the position, vacated by Felix Mendelssohn, of Kapellmeister at the Berlin Cathedral; but he did not reestablish himself in Berlin until the last year of his life. On 11 May 1849, two months after the premiere of "The Merry Wives", and only two days after his appointment as "Hof Kapellmeister" at the Berlin Staatsoper, he collapsed and died from a stroke. On the very same day of his death, he was elected a member of the Prussian Royal Academy of Arts.

Works

Operas

*"Enrico II" (Trieste, 1839)
*"Il templario" (Turin, 1840)
*"Gildippe e Odoardo" (Genoa, 1841)
*"Il proscritto" (Milan, 1841)
*"Mariana" (Milan, 1841)
*"Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor" (Berlin, 1849)

Other

* Opus 6 - 6 four-part unaccompanied lieder
* Opus 26 - Variazioni concertanti : su motivi favoriti dell’opera La sonnambula di Bellini, for soprano, horn and pianoforte (or [violoncello] or clarinet) (republished in 2000 by edition mf)
* Opus 30 - Die Thräne : voice, horn and piano (republished in 1999 by "edition mf").
* Opus 31 - Ecclesiastical festival overture on the chorale "Ein feste burg ist unser Gott"
* Opus 33 - Pater noster, opus 33, for two mixed choirs (SATB/SATB) a cappella with soloists (SATB/SATB). Published by Schott Music Publishers in 1999.
* Der dritte Psalm (Psalm no 3) for alto solo. (Manuscript at Library of Congress.)
* 3 sonatas for 2 horns no. 1, 2, 3 : from the Handel Knot-Farquharson Cousins ms (re(?)published by Edition Kunzelmann in 1977.)
* Mass in D major (1835). (Recorded on the label Koch Schwann in 1981, subsequently reissued on compact disc. Re?Published by Augsburg : A. Böhm in 1986.)
* Te Deum; Psalm 97, "Der Herr ist König" ; Psalm 31, "Herr, auf Dich traue ich" ; "Ehre sei Gott in der Höhe" (psalm and liturgical settings recorded also on Koch Schwann. Te Deum was also recorded on Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft LPM 39,170 in 1966.) Psalms 31 & 97 published by Bote & Bock of Berlin in 1977.

References

*1911|article=Nicolai Otto|url=http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Otto_Nicolai

*cite book | last=Nicolai | first=Otto | coauthors=Schröder, B., ed. | title=Otto Nicolais tagebücher nebst biographischen ergänzungen | language=German | location=Leipzig publisher=Breitkopf & Härtel | year=1892 | oclc=17601836
*cite book | last=Nicolai | first=Otto | coauthors=Altmann Wilhelm, ed.| title=Otto Nicolai, Briefe an seinen Vater, soweit erhalten | language=German | location=Regensburg | publisher=G. Bosse | year=1924 | oclc=3463501
*cite book | last=Sadie | first=Stanley | coauthors=Brown, Clive, ed. | title=Nicolai, Carl Otto Ehrenfried in The New Grove Dictionary of Opera | publisher=Grove's Dictionaries of Music | year=1992 | isbn=0333734327

External links

*allmusic|41:7779
* [http://www.karadar.com/operas/nicolai.html Otto Nicolai operas]
* [http://www.musicweb-international.com/Classpedia/Nicolai.htm Otto Nicolai biography and timeline] at MusicWeb Classpedia
*


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carl Otto Nicolai — Otto Nicolai, Lithographie von Josef Kriehuber, 1842 Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai (* 9. Juni 1810 in Königsberg; † 11. Mai 1849 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Komponist. Bekannt wurde vor allem seine Oper Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor; außerdem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Otto Nicolai — Otto Nicolai, 1842 Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai (Königsberg, 9 de junio de 1810 Berlín, 11 de mayo de 1849) fue un compositor y director de orquesta alemán, fundador de la Filarmónica de Viena. Nicolai es conocido por su versión para ópera de la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Otto Nicolai — Otto Nicolai, Lithographie von Josef Kriehuber, 1842 Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai (* 9. Juni 1810 in Königsberg; † 11. Mai 1849 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Komponist. Bekannt wurde vor allem seine Oper Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor; außerdem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Otto Nicolai — Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai (9 June 1810 – 11 May 1849) was a German composer, conductor, and founder of the Vienna Philharmonic. Nicolai is best known for his operatic version of Shakespeare s comedy The Merry Wives of Windsor (Die lustigen… …   Wikipedia

  • Otto Nicolai — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nicolai. Otto Nicolai Naissance 9 ju …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carl Otto Paul Vetter — Karl Otto Paul Vetter (auch: Carl Otto Paul Vetter) (* 18. März 1897 in Berlin, † 15. September 1957) war ein deutscher Publizist, Politiker, Verleger und Journalist. Ein Vorschlag zu den Verfassungsfeiern im August 1922 von ihm und Kurt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicolai (surname) — Nicolai is a surname, and may refer to: In music: Mark R. Nicolai, American blues guitarist, inspired by Joe Bonamassa Bruno Nicolai, Italian film music composer, orchestra director, and musical editor Carl Otto Nicolai, German composer and… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolai — ist ein Vorname und Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Varianten 3 Bekannte Namensträger 3.1 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Friedrich Zelter — Carl Friedrich Zelter, Ölgemälde von Carl Joseph Begas, 1827 Carl Friedrich Zelter (* 11. Dezember 1758 in Berlin; † 15. Mai 1832 ebenda) war ein deutscher Musiker, Professor, Musikpädagoge, Komponist und Dirigent mit größtem kulturpolitisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Nicolai — ist der Name folgender Personen: Carl Nicolai, Pseudonym der fiktiven Figur Gottlieb Theodor Pilz (1789–1856) Carl Friedrich Ferdinand Nicolai (1772 1823), deutscher Pädagoge Carl Heinrich Nicolai (1739–1823), deutscher Lehrer, Theologe,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.