North East railway line, Victoria


North East railway line, Victoria

VictorianRailwayLineInfobox
type = vic
name = North East
yearcommenced = 1860
yearopened =
yearcompleted = 1883
yearclosed =
fate =
lengthkm =
stations =
tracks = Two broad gauge tracks to Seymour (single tracks for each of Shepparton and Albury lines beyond); as well as a parallel standard gauge track for the entire length from Melbourne to Albury
users = V/Line passenger services and intrastate freight on the broad gauge, CountryLink XPT and interstate freight on the standard gauge
servicepattern =
RollingStock =
connections = Seymour and Shepparton lines
formerconnections =


The North East railway is a railway serving the north-east of Victoria, Australia.cite book
last = Turton
first = Keith W.
title = The North East Railway. (A Lineside Guide) Melbourne to Wodonga
publisher = Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division)
year = 1973
isbn = 0858490137
] Running from the state capital Melbourne to the New South Wales railways at Albury and on to Sydney, it also serves the regional cities of Seymour, Benalla, Wangaratta and Wodonga.The route consists of two parallel but independent lines, the original broad gauge line now operated by V/Line, and the North East standard gauge line managed by the Australian Rail Track Corporation.cite web
url=http://www.atsb.gov.au/publications/investigation_reports/2003/RAIR/rair2003002.aspx
title= Derailment of Freight Train 1SP2N and the Subsequent Collision of Passenger Train 8318
work=Australian Transport Safety Bureau: Investigation Reports
date=November 1, 2006
accessdate=2008-03-03
] The line also includes a broad gauge branch line from Seymour to Shepparton.

ervices

On the broad gauge line Connex Melbourne operates suburban passenger services along the inner section of the line as the Craigieburn Line, while V/Line services operate as the Interurban Seymour Line and the Intercity Albury-Wodonga and Shepparton Lines. Freight services also use the line, operated by Pacific National. The standard gauge line sees use by the CountryLink XPT, as well as being a major interstate freight link used by Pacific National, QRNational and Australian Railroad Group.

Both lines are owned by VicTrack, the broad gauge line managed by V/Line, and the standard gauge line by the Australian Rail Track Corporation.cite web
url=http://www.infrastructure.gov.au/rail/trains/background/index.aspx
title=Background - Organisation of Australia's Railways
work=Department of Transport and Regional Services
accessdate=2008-03-03
]

History

The Melbourne and Essendon Railway Company opened the first section of the Albury-Wodonga line from North Melbourne to Essendon in 1860.cite journal
year = 1990 | month = March | title = Tracks Across the State | author = Sid Brown | journal = Newsrail
publisher = Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division)
volume = 18 | issue = 3 | pages = pages 71–76
] Following its take over by the Victorian Government in 1867, the line was extended by 1872 ["The Centenary of the Opening of the Railway to Seymour" Turton, Keith W. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, April;May, 1972 pp73-95;101-109] to School House Lane (South side of Goulburn River, near Seymour), later that year to Seymour and then to Longwood. Benalla, Wangaratta, Springhurst and Wodonga were reached in 1873, connecting with the New South Wales Government Railways at Albury at a break-of-gauge in 1883.

Construction of a standard gauge track parallel with the broad gauge track from Albury to Melbourne was commenced in 1959, completing the Sydney-Melbourne railway.cite web | title = VR timeline | work = http://www.victorianrailways.net/ | publisher = Mark Bau | url = http://www.victorianrailways.net/vr%20history/history.html | format = HTML | accessdate = 2008-03-03 ] The first freight train operating on the line on 3 January 1962 [Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, March, 1962 pp35-39] , followed by the first passenger train on 16 April the same year.

The line was once the home of a number of prestige passenger services between the state capitals of Melbourne to Sydney, including the "Spirit of Progress", "Southern Aurora", and "Intercapital Daylight"; but due to declining patronage were replaced by the CountryLink XPT from the 1990s.

Maintaining two parallel single track railways has drawn criticisms over the years, including inefficiencies in maintaining track, operating trains, and duplicated train control centres. By 2001 the State Government announced the gauge conversion of the broad gauge line to standard,cite web
title = Rail Gauge Standardisation Project
work = Victorian Auditor General's Office
date = August 2006
url = http://www.audit.vic.gov.au/reports_mp_psa/psa1603.html
author = Victorian Auditor General
format = HTML
accessdate = 2008-02-08
] but seven years later works have yet to commence. Speed restrictions have been applied to the broad gauge line due to track deterioration. [V/Line: " [http://www.vline.com.au/media/newsletter/customer_newsletter.html V/Line Voice] " Issue 32, February 2008]

In May 2008 it was again announced that the line would be upgraded, with the conversion of convert|200|km|mi|lk=on of broad gauge track to standard gauge between Seymour and Albury, construction of a convert|5|km|mi|abbr=on|sing=on bypass around Wodonga, and rail upgrades between Melbourne and Seymour carried out, including new passing loops. [cite web
url=http://news.ninemsn.com.au/article.aspx?id=571907
title=$500m rail link upgrade for Victoria
publisher=news.ninemsn.com.au
accessdate=2008-05-30
] New passenger platforms will also be built on the standard gauge line, and V/Line locomotives and carriages will be gauge converted to operate on the line. Costing A$501.3 million, the Victorian Government is contributing A$171.3 million, the Australian Government is investing A$45 million in the Wodonga Rail Bypass, and the Australian Rail Track Corporation will contribute A$285 million and will take-on responsibility for the ongoing operation of the new north-east standard gauge rail line under a 45-year lease agreement with Victoria. [cite web
url=http://www.premier.vic.gov.au/newsroom/federal-state-co-operation-delivers-major-rail-project.html
title=Premier of Victoria, Australia - FEDERAL-STATE CO-OPERATION DELIVERS MAJOR RAIL PROJECT
publisher=www.premier.vic.gov.au
accessdate=2008-05-30
] The project is due for completion by 2010, with passenger services disrupted for 12 months. [cite web
url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/05/30/2260001.htm
title=Full steam ahead - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)
publisher=www.abc.net.au
accessdate=2008-05-30
]

Branch lines south of Seymour

A branch line was opened from Heathcote Junction (near Kilmore) to Kilmore in 1888 and extended to Tooborac in 1890, connecting to a line from Bendigo and Heathcote opened a little earlier. The Heathcote Junction – Heathcote line closed in 1968. A branch line was built from Kilmore to Lancefield in 1892, but it was closed in 1904.

The Mansfield line was opened from Tallarook to Yea in 1883, Molesworth in 1889 Cathkin and Merton in 1890 and Mansfield in 1891. This line is now closed. A branch line was built from Cathkin to Koriella in 1890 and Alexandra in 1909. This line closed in 1978.

Branch lines north of Seymour

The Shepparton line was opened from Mangalore to Toolamba and Shepparton in 1880.

A branch line was opened from Benalla to St James in 1883, Yarrawonga in 1886 and Oaklands in 1938, creating a break-of-gauge until the New South Wales Government Railways line was closed south of Boree Creek. Another short branch line was built from Benalla to Tatong in 1914, but closed in 1947.

The narrow-gauge Whitfield branch line was opened from Wangaratta to Whitfield in 1899, closing in 1953.

Two branch lines were opened from Bowser (north of Wangaratta) to Everton in 1875 and extended to Beechworth in 1876 and Yackandandah in 1891. This line closed in 1954. The Bowser – Everton line was extended to Myrtleford in 1883 and Bright in 1890. This line is now closed. A short branch line to Peechelba East also branched from Bowser

A short branch line was opened from Springhurst to Wahgunyah in 1879. Services were suspended in 1995.

A branch line was opened from Wodonga to Tallangatta between 1889 and 1891, Shelley in 1916, Beetomba in 1919 and Cudgewa in 1921 [Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, June, 1960 pp91-93 ] . A direct connection from Albury was added near Wodonga, creating a turning triangle to enable the "Sydney Limited" and its successor "Spirit of Progress" with their observation cars to be turned as a complete trainset. The line was closed beyond Bandiana in 1981, and the connection to Wodonga later removed, with only standard gauge traffic continuing to use the line via Albury. [cite web| url=http://www.vicrailstations.com/Cudgewa/Cudgewa.html |title=Cudgewa Line |publisher=www.vicrailstations.net |accessdate=2008-06-09]

Line guide

Bold stations are termini, "italic" stations are staffed at least part time. Broad gauge is in red, and standard gauge is in blue.

References

Further reading

*cite book
last = Turton
first = Keith W.
title = The North East Railway. (A Lineside Guide) Melbourne to Wodonga
publisher = Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division)
year = 1973
isbn = 0858490137

* cite book
author = John C. Jennings and Robert K. Whitehead
title = Seymour - A Railway Town
publisher = Seymour and District Historical Society
date = July 2005
isbn = 0 9751658 0 1

*cite book
last = Turton
first = Keith W.
title = Six And A Half Inches From Destiny. The first hundred years of the Melbourne-Wodonga Railway 1873-1973.
publisher = Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division)
year = 1973

*Citation
last = Covell
first = C.M.
author-link =
title = Some Impressions and Reflections of the North-Eastern Line
journal = Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin
volume =
pages = 230-244
date = November, 1967
year = 1967

External links

* [http://www.vicsig.net/index.php?page=infrastructure&section=lineguide&line=Albury Statistics and detailed schematic map] at the [http://www.vicsig.net/ vicsig] enthusiast website
* [http://www.historyvictoria.org.au/pdf/Wangaratta.pdf History Victoria: The North East Railway Story]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • North East railway line — For the mass transit line in Singapore, see North East MRT Line. North East railway line, Victoria Line details Commenced 1860 Completed 1883 …   Wikipedia

  • North Coast railway line, Queensland — QR North Coast Line Legend …   Wikipedia

  • Albury-Wodonga railway line, Victoria — VictorianRailwayLineInfobox type = vic name = Albury Wodonga yearcommenced = yearopened = yearcompleted = yearclosed = fate = lengthkm = 306 stations = 8 tracks = users = servicepattern = Intercity RollingStock = Locomotive hauled N type… …   Wikipedia

  • Kilmore East railway station, Victoria — VlineRailwayStation1 NAME=Kilmore East CODE=KME DISTANCE=65.48 km LINES=Albury Wodonga Shepparton. PLATFORMS=2 TRACKS=3 (2 BG) (1 SG) STATUS=Manned station [cite web url=http://www.vline.com.au/apps/vline/WhereToBuy.aspx?sid=14 town=Kilmore+East… …   Wikipedia

  • Murchison East railway station, Victoria — VlineRailwayStation1 NAME=Murchison East IMAGELINK=Murchison East passenger shelter.jpg CAPTION=Present passenger shelter CODE=MST DISTANCE=149.24 km LINES=Shepparton PLATFORMS=1 TRACKS=1 STATUS=Unmanned Station FACILITIES=… …   Wikipedia

  • Port Fairy railway line, Victoria — VictorianRailwayLineInfobox type = vic name = Port Fairy yearcommenced = yearopened = 1857 yearcompleted = 1890 yearclosed = fate = lengthkm = stations = tracks = Double broad gauge track to Geelong, single beyond. Single standard gauge to North… …   Wikipedia

  • Oaklands railway line, Victoria — Not to be confused with Oaklands railway line, New South Wales. Oaklands railway railway line, Victoria Line details Commenced 1883/1886 Length 64 km (39.8 mi) in Victoria and 61 km (37.9 mi) in NSW Rail transport in Victoria …   Wikipedia

  • Seymour railway line, Victoria — VictorianRailwayLineInfobox type = vic name = Seymour yearcommenced = yearopened = yearcompleted = yearclosed = fate = lengthkm = 81 km stations = 13 tracks = Double broad gauge track to near Seymour users = servicepattern = Interurban… …   Wikipedia

  • Shepparton railway line, Victoria — VictorianRailwayLineInfobox type = vic name = Shepparton yearcommenced = yearopened = yearcompleted = yearclosed = fate = lengthkm = stations = 4 tracks = 1 users = V/Line and Pacific National servicepattern = RollingStock = connections = l… …   Wikipedia

  • Whitfield railway line, Victoria — The Whitfield railway line was a narrow gauge (RailGauge|30) railway located in north eastern Victoria, Australia, branching from the main North East railway at Wangaratta to the terminus of Whitfield.It was the first of four Narrow gauge lines… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.