- Candy Cummings
Infobox MLB retired
October 18, 1848
deathdate=death date and age|1924|5|16|1848|10|18
New York Mutuals
New York Mutuals(by|1872)
Philadelphia White Stockings(by|1874)
Hartford Dark Blues(by|1875-by|1876)
* Cincinnati Reds (by|1877)
William Arthur "Candy" Cummings (
October 18, 1848– May 16, 1924) was a 19th-century professional baseball pitcherin the National Association and National League.
At 17, Cummings began playing baseball with the Brooklyn Excelsior baseball club of the NABBP. His first game with the team was on August 24, 1866 against the
Newark Eurekas, where he led his team to a 24-12 win. Baseball writer Henry Chadwickcommented on the skills of the young Cummings after this first game and his promising future with the Excelsior club. [ [http://www.baseballlibrary.com/chronology/byyear.php?year=1866&previous=yes The Chronology - 1866 BaseballLibrary.com ] ] .
During a 6 year career which lasted from 1872 until 1877, Cummings compiled a 145-94 career record and 2.49 ERA while playing for five different teams. Among other records, Cummings was the first player to record two
complete games in one day: September 9, 1876 when he beat the Cincinnati Reds14-4 and 8-4. [ Nemec, p. 134.]
He is often credited with being the first pitcher to throw a
curveball, which he reportedly threw at a game in Worcester, Massachusetts, in 1867 while playing for the Brooklyn Excelsiors, with other sources saying the Brooklyn Stars. Cummings says that he discovered the idea of the curveball while studying the movement sea shells made when thrown. After noticing this movement, he began to attempt to make the same motion with a baseball, thus creating the curveball.
Another pitcher to lay claim to inventing the curveball is
New Haven, Connecticut-born Fred Goldsmith, who is credited for giving the first publicly recorded demonstration of the curveball (to legendary sportswriter-baseball historian Henry Chadwick) on August 16, 1939cite book |author=David L. Fleitz |title=Ghosts in the gallery at Cooperstown: sixteen little-known members of the Hall of Fame |publisher=McFarland & Co |location=Jefferson, N.C |year=2004 |pages= |isbn=0-7864-1749-8 |oclc= |doi=] , the same year that former major-leaguer Goldsmith died in Berkley, Michigan.
Candy Cummings was born in
Ware, Massachusettson October 18, 1848and died May 16, 1924in Toledo, Ohio. [ [http://www.baseball-reference.com/c/cummica01.shtml Baseball-Reference.com] .]
* Broughton, Howard (1939) "Fred Goldsmith Invented The Curve Ball" (Assistant Sports Editor), "
The London Free Press", June 21, 1939.
* Nemec, David (2004) "Great Baseball Feats, Facts, & Firsts (2004)", Signet Books, New York.
* Stern, Bill (1949) "Bill Stern's Favourite Baseball Stories", Blue Ribbon Books, Garden City, New York.
List of Major League Baseball leaders in career wins
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