- St Asaph
Infobox UK place
country = Wales
welsh_name = Llanelwy
constituency_welsh_assembly = Vale of Clwyd
constituency_westminster = Vale of Clwyd
latitude = 53.2577
longitude = -3.4416
official_name = St Asaph
population = 3,491 (2001 Census)cite web |url=http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=801641&c=asaph&d=16&e=15&g=414298&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1217166539127&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779 |title=2001 Census: St. Asaph |work=Office for National Statistics |accessdate=2008-07-27 ]
post_town = ST ASAPH
postcode_district = LL17
postcode_area = LL
dial_code = 01745
os_grid_reference = SJ035743
map_type = Denbighshire
The town of St Asaph is surrounded by countryside and views of the
Vale of Clwyd. It is situated close to a number of busy coastal towns such as Rhyl, Prestatyn, Colwyn Bayand Llandudno. The historic castles of Denbighand Rhuddlanare also nearby.
The earliest inhabitants of the vale of Elwy lived in the nearby Palaeolithic site of Pontnewydd (Bontnewydd), which was excavated from 1978 by a team from the University of Wales, led by Dr Stephen Aldhouse Green. Teeth and part of a jawbone excavated in 1981 were dated to 225,000 years ago. This site is the most north-western site in Eurasia for remains of early hominids and is considered of international importance. Based on the morphology and age of the teeth, particularly the evidence of tauradontism, the teeth are believed to belong to a group of Neanderthals who hunted game in the vale of Elwy in an interglacial period.
Later some historians postulate that the Roman fort of Varae sat on the site of the Cathedral. However, the town is believed to have developed around a sixth century Celtic
monasteryfounded by Saint Kentigern, and is now home to the small fourteenth century St Asaph Cathedral. This is dedicated to Saint Asaph(also spelt in Welsh as Asaff), its second bishop.
The Cathedral has had a chequered history. In the thirteenth century, the troops of
Edward I of Englandalmost burnt the cathedral to the ground and, in 1402, Owain Glyndŵr's troops went on the rampage causing severe damage to the furnishings and fittings. Two hundred and fifty years later, during the Commonwealththe building was used to house farm animals, pigs cattle and horses. [ T. W. Pritchard "St Asaph Cathedral Guidebooks"]
The first Act of Union in 1536 placed St Asaph in Denbighshire. However, in 1542, St Asaph was placed in
Flintshire, for voting purposes, where it remained until 1 April 1974, when it became part of Clwyd.
As the seat of an ancient Cathedral and
Diocese, St Asaph historically had city status. The 1911 Encyclopædia Britannicarefers to it as a city, but it is no longer considered as such. The town applied for restoration of city status in the 2000 and 2002 competitions but was unsuccessful.
Despite the official lack of city status, the town is promoted locally as the 'City of Music'. The local community is passionate about St Asaph's historic claim to be known as a city like its Welsh cousin
St David's, and this has led to a number of local businesses using 'City' as part of their business name.
The past few decades have seen the local economy in St Asaph thrive, first with the opening of the
A55 roadin 1970, which cuts through the town, and, more recently, with a business park being built, attracting investment from at home and overseas.
The crowded roads in St Asaph have been a hot political issue for many years. Residents have repeatedly called for a bypass to take the A525 around the town and reduce congestion but the
National Assembly for Walesrejected these calls in 2004, presenting a further setback for residents campaigning on the issue.
St Asaph is now home to
Ysgol Glan Clwyd, a Welsh language secondary school that opened in Rhylin 1956 and moved to St Asaph in 1969; and was the first Welsh medium secondary school in Wales. St Asaph
St Asaph is twinned with the town of
Bégardin Brittany, France. Both towns organise annual trips to the other for their residents.
Every year the town hosts the
North Wales International Music Festival, which takes place at several venues in the town and attracts musicians and music lovers from all over Wales and beyond. In past years, the main event in September at the cathedral has been covered on television by the BBC.
Other events held annually in the town include the Gala Day in August, the Beat the Bounds charity walk in July and the increasingly popular
Woodfest Walescrafts festival in June.
In addition to the Cathedral, there are five other churches in St Asaph covering all the major denominations. The [http://www.parishofstasaph.smartemail.co.uk/ Parish Church of St Asaph and St Kentigern] (
Church in Wales[http://www.churchinwales.org.uk/index_e.php] ) is placed prominently at the bottom of the High Street , across the river in Lower Denbigh Road is Penniel Chapel (Welsh Methodist)and halfway up the High Street there is [http://www.llanelwycf.org.uk Llanelwy Christian Fellowship] ( Baptist). At the top of the town, in Chester Street is St Winifrides [http://www.wrexhamdiocese.org.uk/diocesan_parish_display.asp?parishid=47] ( Roman Catholic) and Bethlehem Chapel (Welsh Presbyterian) in Bronwylfa Square.
A number of famous people have strong links to St Asaph, having been born, raised, lived, worked or died in the town. These include Canadian actor
Richard Ian Cox, William Morgan who translated the Bible into Welsh in 1588, the first archbishop of Wales Alfred George Edwards, singer Lisa Scott-Lee, composer William Mathias, former Wales football captain Ian Rush, the journalist Henry Morton Stanley, Dic Aberdaron, who taught himself Latinat the age of 11, Felicia Hemans(1793-1835), poet ("The boy stood on the burning deck") and LET golfer Becky Brewerton. Another well-known individual, Geoffrey of Monmouth, served as bishop of St Asaphfrom 1152 to 1155. However, due to war and unrest in Wales at the time, he probably never set foot in his see.
The hospital in the town (formerly the St Asaph Union Workhouse) was named in honour of
H.M. Stanley. The town's hospice was named after Saint Kentigern. The original Welsh Bibleis kept on public display in the town's cathedral.
*T.W. Pritchard "St Asaph Cathedral" R J L Smith Much Wenlock (1997) ISBN 1-87266-591-8
*Dr Chis Stringer "Homo Brittanicus" 319 pages, publisher: Allen Lane (
5 October 2006) ISBN 0713997958, ISBN 978-0713997958
* [http://www.stasaphtowncouncil.org/ St Asaph Town Council]
* [http://www.stasaph.co.uk/ St Asaph] (City Times)
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/northeast/sites/st_asaph/index.shtml BBC St Asaph page]
* [http://www.northwalesmusicfestival.co.uk North Wales International Music Festival]
* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/search.php?i=3481625 www.geograph.co.uk : photos of St Asaph and surrounding area]
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Look at other dictionaries:
ASAPH HA-ROFE — (i.e., Asaph the physician; also known as Asaph ha Yehudi, Rabbenu Asaph, Asaph ben Berechiah, Asaph ha Yarhoni; sixth century), physician who gave his name to a Hebrew book on medicine, Sefer Asaf ha Rofe, written somewhere in the Middle East.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Asaph — (Hebrew for God has gathered ) may refer to: * Asaph Hall, 19th century astronomer * Saint Asaph, first Bishop of the Diocese of Saint Asaph in Wales * The Diocese of Saint Asaph * St. Asaph, a town in North WalesAsaph also refers to four men… … Wikipedia
ASAPH — (Heb. אָסָף), name of four biblical figures. (1) The ancestor of one of the principal families of singers in the Temple. According to I Chronicles 6:24–26, Asaph himself, who is dated to the Davidic period, was descended from Gershom son of Levi… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Asaph Hall — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Asaph Hall en el observatorio naval de Estados Unidos Asaph Hall (Goshen, Connecticut (EE. UU.),15 de octubre de 1829 Maryland (EE. UU.), 22 de noviembre de … Wikipedia Español
Asaph Hall — (* 15. Oktober 1829 in Goshen, Connecticut; † 22. November 1907 in Annapolis, Maryland) war ein US amerikanischer Astronom und ist der Entdecker der beiden Marsmonde Phobos und Deimos. Asaph Hall Nach dem Tode seiner Eltern nahm Hall eine Lehre… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Asaph Hall Jr. — Asaph Hall Jr. Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Asaph Hall Jr. (1859 1930). Astrónomo norteamericano. Fue uno de los cuatro hijos del también astrónomo Asaph Hall, quien en 1856 contrajo matrimonio con Angeline Stickney (1830 1892). Siguiendo los… … Wikipedia Español
Asaph (Begriffsklärung) — Asaph ist der Name folgender Personen: Asaf (auch: Asaph), biblische Person Asaph, schottischer mittelalterlicher Heiliger Asaph (Architekt), oströmischer Architekt Asaph Hall (1829–1907), US amerikanischer Astronom … Deutsch Wikipedia
Asaph Ward — Asaph Alexander Ward is an American gospel music record producer.BackgroundWard came to the forefront of the gospel music industry as producer of the groundbreaking 1998 debut album Everlasting Life for gospel jazz singer Kim Burrell. Since then … Wikipedia
Asaph Hall Jr — (1859 1939) was an American astronomer. He the son of Asaph Hall. He grew up in Washington, DC while his father worked at the United States Naval Observatory. Hall graduated from Harvard University in 1881, and received a doctoral degree from… … Wikipedia
Asaph — m Biblical: from a Hebrew vocabulary word meaning ‘collector’. This is found attached to some of the Psalms (50 and 73–83), and may have been the name of the writer or of a cantor. Asaph is also mentioned at 1 Chronicles 6: 39, 9: 15, and 25: 1;… … First names dictionary
asaph — asaph·ic; asaph·ite; … English syllables