- Jack Frye
William John "Jack" Frye (
March 18, 1904, Sweetwater, Oklahoma– February 3, 1959) was an aviation pioneer, who with Paul E. Richterand Walter A. Hamilton, built TWAinto a world class airline during his tenure as chairman from 1934-1947.
Frye enlisted in the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers in 1921, was discharged as a corporal in 1922. He joined the USNR in 1934, commissioned as lieutenant, in 1940, promoted to lieutenant commander, resigned in 1952. He received the first commercial pilot certificate issued in the State of
Arizona- #1 - and held Transport Pilot certificate #933. Frye, Walter Hamilton and Paul E. Richter, Arizona pilot certificate #2, founded Aero Corporationin 1926 Los Angeles, with a subsidiary Standard Air Linesin 1927. Jack Frye, as pilot, flew the first commercial plane into Tucson, Arizona( November 28, 1929).
Standard Air Lines was sold to
Western Air Expressin early 1930. Western Air Express merged with Transcontinental Air Transportin 1930 to form T&WA ( TWA). Frye became president of T&WA in 1934 and Richter became Vice President. TWA was known as "The Airline Run by Flyers". The airline suffered near disaster after its reputation was hurt in 1931 when Notre Dame coach Knute Rocknedied on a T&WA Fokkertri-motor plane. In 1932 Jack Frye, representing TWA, sought a better aircraft and Douglas developed the Douglas Transport.
Jack Frye, and Captain
Eddie Rickenbacker, with a T&WA team of Tomlinson, Fritz and Richter set a cross country record of 13 hours and 4 minutes in 1934 flying the Douglas DC-1. The DC-1 ultimately resulted in the development of the DC-3.
In 1939, desiring greater control of their airline Frye and Richter approached
Howard Hughesto buy into the company. (Jack Frye stated in an April 6, 1954issue of "Life" magazine that it was Hughes who approached him (Frye) in regard to investments.) Hughes' interest was airplanes, and his involvement was the development and financing of the Lockheed Constellation(the "Connies"). Frye and Hughes flew the Constellation on a record six hour 58 minute cross country flight on April 17, 1944.
After resigning as president on
February 21, 1947, Frye almost immediately ( July 1, 1947) became president of American IGa position he retained as CEO and president until 1955.
In 1941, he married the former Helen Varner who was previously married to
Cornelius Vanderbilt IV. [ [http://www.sedonalegendhelenfrye.com/ Sedona Legend Helen Frye.] Retrieved on June 3 2008.] Frye died February 3, 1959in a car accident in Tucson, Arizona, exactly 33 years to the day after his founding of Standard Airlines. He was originally buried in Tucson, but now is at rest in Wheeler, Texas.
* [http://www.dmairfield.com/people/frye_ja/index.htm Demarfield profile]
* [http://www.dmairfield.com/people/richter_pe/ dmairfield.com]
* [http://nationalaviation.blade6.donet.com/components/content_manager_v02/view_nahf/htdocs/menu_ps.asp?NodeID=-1915794956&group_ID=1134656385&Parent_ID=-1 National aviation biography]
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