Mexican League (baseball)


Mexican League (baseball)
Liga Mexicana de Béisbol
Liga-mexicana-de-beisbol.png
Liga Mexicana de Béisbol logo
Sport Baseball
Founded 1925
No. of teams 14
Country(ies) Mexico
Most recent champion(s) Tigres de Quintana Roo (10)
Official website www.lmb.com.mx

The Mexican League (Spanish: Liga Mexicana de Béisbol) is a summer minor league baseball league with teams based across Mexico. Along with the International League and the Pacific Coast League, it is one of three leagues playing at the triple-A level, which is one step below Major League Baseball.[1] It is the only Minor League Baseball (MiLB)-sanctioned triple-A league outside the United States. Nonetheless, Mexican League teams are not affiliated with specific Major League Baseball clubs as part of the farm system like the International and the Pacific Coast leagues.

The other professional baseball league in Mexico is the Mexican Pacific League.[2]

The Mexican League has three minor leagues of its own, the Liga Norte de Mexico, Liga de Beisbol del Noroeste de Mexico, and the Liga de Mexicana de Beisbol Academia (a summer and a winter league). The current champion is Tigres de Quintana Roo.

Contents

History

When it was founded in 1925, the league included six teams (74 Regimiento, México, Agraria, Nacional, Guanajuato and Águila). Since then, the league has expanded to sixteen teams, divided equally into a north and a south zone, the champions of which meet to contest a best-of-seven game playoff series. The season begins in mid-March with the playoffs running through mid-August.

1949: Landmark ruling of Gardella v. Chandler

Judges use Federal Baseball Club of Baltimore v. National League of Professional Baseball Clubs to uphold that the baseball leagues and commissioner are not violating anti-trust rulings because they are not doing anything different than was done when the previous ruling occurred. Included in the previous ruling was the fact that the baseball leagues could transmit information about their games via telegraph wires. And, because the leagues are only negotiating, their actions in negotiating the television and radio broadcasts are no different than their actions with telegraphs. Therefore the previous decision can be upheld. Judges also assert that this the previous decision hasn’t been objected by Congress, so it must also be of the opinion of congress that baseball does not fall under the rules of the Anti-Trust Act. (Of course, consider that some judges felt differently, but ruling was overall in favor of the Leagues.)

The ruling went untested until the Mexican League was formed. Players who went to play in the Mexican League got blacklisted from MLB. One such player, Danny Gardella, was blacklisted because he had broken his contract and gone to play professional baseball in Mexico.


In 1948, Gardella brought a claim against Commissioner of Baseball Happy Chandler, the National League and American League, as well as their presidents (Ford Frick and Will Harridge, respectively). Gardella charged that they were engaged in interstate commerce because the defendants had made contracts with radio broadcasting and television companies that sent narratives or moving pictures of the games across state lines. MLB then settled with Gardella and offered all Mexican League jumpers amnesty -- protected the ambiguity surrounding the antitrust protection.

In 1949, baseball player Danny Gardella won a landmark appeal to baseball's reserve clause in the federal courts. This successful appeal is recognized as the first major step towards baseball free agency.

Expansion

In 1979, the Mexican Central League was absorbed into the expanded Liga Mexicana de Beisbol (Mexican Baseball League). The newly expanded league now featured a 20-team circuit with four divisions. However, after a series of team bankruptcies, the Mexican League was reduced to 14 teams in two divisions.

Teams

Current teams

Zone Team Location Stadium Capacity
North Vaqueros Laguna (Laguna Cowboys) Torreón, Coahuila Estadio Revolución 12,000
Diablos Rojos del México (Mexico City Red Devils) Mexico D.F. Foro Sol 26,000
Acereros de Monclova (Monclova Steelers) Monclova, Coahuila Estadio De Beisbol Monclova 9,000
Sultanes de Monterrey (Monterrey Sultans) Monterrey, Nuevo León Estadio de Beisbol Monterrey 27,000
Pericos de Puebla (Puebla Parrots) Puebla, Puebla Estadio de Béisbol Hermanos Serdán 12,112
Broncos de Reynosa (Reynosa Broncos) Reynosa, Tamaulipas Estadio Adolfo López Mateos 7,000
Saraperos de Saltillo (Saltillo Sarape Makers) Saltillo, Coahuila Estadio De Beisbol Francisco I. Madero 16,000
South Piratas de Campeche (Campeche Pirates) Campeche, Campeche Estadio Nelson Barrera 6,000
Petroleros de Minatitlán (Minatitlán Oilers) Minatitlán, Veracruz Parque 18 de marzo de 1938 7,500
Guerreros de Oaxaca (Oaxaca Warriors) Oaxaca, Oaxaca Eduardo Vasconcelos Stadium 7,200
Tigres de Quintana Roo (Quintana Roo Tigers) Cancún, Quintana Roo Estadio De Beisbol Beto Avila 9,000
Olmecas de Tabasco (Tabasco Olmecs) Villahermosa, Tabasco Estadio Centenario 27 de Febrero 10,500
Rojos del Águila de Veracruz (Veracruz Red Eagles) Veracruz, Veracruz Estadio Universitario Beto Avila 7,782
Leones de Yucatán (Yucatan Lions) Mérida, Yucatán Estadio De Beisbol Kukulkan 13,600


Defunct teams

  • Alacranes de Durango (Durango Scorpions)
  • Algodoneros de Union Laguna (Union Laguna Cotton Pickers) (Torreón)
  • Alijadores de Tampico (Tampico Lightermen)
  • Angeles Negros de Puebla (Puebla Black Angels)
  • Astros de Monclova (Monclova Astros)
  • Astros de Tampico (Tampico Astros)
  • Azules de Coatzacoalcos (Coatzacoalcos Blues)
  • Bravos de León (León Braves)
  • Cachorros de León (León Cubs)
  • Cafeteros de Córdoba (Córdoba Coffee Growers)
  • Charros de Jalisco (Jalisco Charros) (Guadalajara, Jalisco)
  • Chileros de Xalapa (Xalapa Chili Growers)
  • Dorados de Chihuahua (Chihuahua Goldens)
  • Ganaderos de Tabasco (Tabasco Cattlemen)
  • Indios de Ciudad Juárez (Ciudad Juárez Indians)
  • Industriales de Monterrey (Monterrey Industrialists)
  • Langosteros de Cancún (Cancun Lobstermen)
  • Mineros de Coahuila (Coahuila Miners)
  • Petroleros de Poza Rica (Poza Rica Oilers)
  • Piratas de Sabinas (Sabinas Pirates)
  • Plataneros de Tabasco (Tabasco Banana Growers)
  • Potros de Minatitlán (Minatitlán Colts)
  • Rieleros de Aguascalientes (Aguascalientes Railroaders)
  • Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos (Two Laredos Owls)
  • Tecolotes de Nuevo Laredo (Nuevo Laredo Owls)
  • Tigres de Puebla (Puebla Tigers)
  • Toros de Tijuana (Tijuana Bulls)
  • Truchas de Toluca (Toluca Trouts)
  • Tuneros de San Luis Potosí (San Luis Potosi Prickly Pear Pickers)

Champions

Season Champion Series Runner Up
1925 74 Regimiento de San Luis 3-1 Club México
1926 Ocampo de Jalapa * Carmona de México
1927 Gendarmería de México * Club México
1928 Policía del DF 2-0 Bravo Izquierdo de Puebla
1929 Chiclet's Adams de México 2-1 Delta de México
1930 Tigres de Comintra * Obras Públicas de México
1931 Obras Públicas de México * Comunicaciones de México
1932 Tráfico de México * Club Pachuca
1933 Tigres de Comintra 3-2 Club Pachuca
1934 Monte de Piedad de México * Tuneros de San Luis
1935 Agrario de México * Tigres de Comintra
1936 Agrario de México * Lomas de México
1937 Aguila de Veracruz 3-0 Agrario de México
1938 Aguila de Veracruz * Agrario de México
1939 Cafeteros de Córdoba * Aguila de Veracruz
1940 Azules de Veracruz México * Diablos Rojos del México
1941 Azules de veracruz México * Diablos Rojos del México
1942 Algodoneros del Unión Laguna * Industriales de Monterrey
1943 Industriales de Monterrey * Algodoneros del Unión Laguna
1944 Azules de Veracruz México * Industriales de Monterrey
1945 Alijadores de Tampico * Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo
1946 Alijadores de Tampico * Diablos Rojos del México
1947 Industriales de Monterrey * Diablos Rojos del México
1948 Industriales de Monterrey * Pericos de Puebla
1949 Industriales de Monterrey 4-0 Algodoneros del Unión Laguna
1950 Algodoneros del Unión Laguna 4-2 Charros de Jalisco
1951 Azules de Veracruz México 4-1 Tuneros de San Luis
1952 Aguila de Veracruz * Algodoneros del Unión Laguna
1953 Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo * Sultanes de Monterrey
1954 Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo * Leones de Yucatán
1955 Tigres del México 2-0 Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo
1956 Diablos Rojos del México * Tigres Capitalinos
1957 Leones de Yucatán * Diablos Rojos del México
1958 Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo * Diablos Rojos del México
1959 Petroleros de Poza Rica * Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo
1960 Tigres del México * Aguila de Veracruz
1961 Aguila de Veracruz * Pericos de Puebla
1962 Sultanes Monterrey * Aguila de Veracruz
1963 Pericos de Puebla * Diablos Rojos del México
1964 Diablos Rojos del México * Pericos de Puebla
1965 Tigres del México * Pericos de Puebla
1966 Tigres del México 4-2 Diablos Rojos del México
1967 Charros de Jalisco * Broncos de Reynosa
1968 Diablos Rojos del México * Aguila de Veracruz
1969 Broncos de Reynosa * Sultanes de Monterrey
1970 Aguila de Veracruz 4-2 Diablos Rojos del México
1971 Charros de Jalisco 4-3 Saraperos de Saltillo
1972 Cafeteros de Córdoba 4-2 Saraperos de Saltillo
1973 Diablos Rojos del México 4-3 Saraperos de Saltillo
1974 Diablos Rojos del México 4-0 Algodoneros de Gomez Palacio
1975 Alijadores de Tampico 4-1 Cafeteros de Córdoba
1976 Diablos Rojos del México 4-2 Algodoneros del Unión Laguna
1977 Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo 4-1 Diablos Rojos del México
1978 Rieleros de Aguascalientes 4-2 Algodoneros del Unión Laguna
1979 Ángeles de Puebla 4-3 Indios de Cd. Juárez
1980 Saraperos de Saltillo * Indios de Cd. Juárez
1981 Diablos Rojos del México 4-3 Broncos de Reynosa
1982 Indios de Cd. Juárez 4-0 Tigres Capitalinos
1983 Piratas de Campeche 4-3 Indios de Cd. Juarez
1984 Leones de Yucatán 4-2 Inios de Cd. Juárez
1985 Diablos Rojos del México 4-1 Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos
1986 Ángeles Negros de Puebla 4-1 Sultanes de Monterrey
1987 Diablos Rojos del México 4-1 Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos
1988 Diablos Rojos del México 4-1 Saraperos de Saltillo
1989 Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos 4-2 Leones de Yucatán
1990 Bravos de León 4-1 Algodoneros del Unión Laguna
1991 Sultanes de Monterrey 4-3 Diablos Rojos del México
1992 Tigres del México 4-2 Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos
1993 Olmecas de Tabasco 4-1 Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos
1994 Diablos Rojos del México 4-3 Sultanes de Monterrey
1995 Sultanes de Monterrey 4-0 Diablos Rojos del México
1996 Sultanes de Monterrey 4-1 Diablos Rojos del México
1997 Tigres del México 4-1 Diablos Rojos del México
1998 Guerreros de Oaxaca 4-0 Acereros de Monclova
1999 Diablos Rojos del México 4-2 Tigres Capitalinos
2000 Tigres del México 4-1 Diablos Rojos del México
2001 Tigres del México 4-2 Diablos Rojos del México
2002 Diablos Rojos del México 4-3 Tigres de la Angelopolis
2003 Diablos Rojos del México 4-1 Tigres de la Angelopolis
2004 Piratas de Campeche 4-1 Saraperos de Saltillo
2005 Tigres del Puebla 4-2 Saraperos de Saltillo
2006 Leones de Yucatán 4-1 Sultanes de Monterrey
2007 Sultanes de Monterrey 4-3 Leones de Yucatán
2008 Diablos Rojos del México 4-1 Sultanes de Monterrey
2009 Saraperos de Saltillo 4-2 Tigres de Quintana Roo
2010 Saraperos de Saltillo 4-1 Pericos de Puebla
2011 Tigres de Quintana Roo 4-0 Diablos Rojos del México

Champions and runner-ups (current teams)

Team Titles Runner Up Years Won Years Runner Up
Diablos 15 17 1956, 1964, 1968, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1981, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1994, 1999, 2002, 2003, 2008 1940, 1941, 1946, 1947, 1957, 1958, 1963, 1966, 1970, 1977, 1991, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2001, 2011
Tigres 10 6 1955, 1960, 1965, 1966, 1992, 1997, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2011 1956, 1982, 1999, 2002, 2003, 2009
Sultanes 9 6 1943, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1962, 1991, 1995, 1996, 2007 1953, 1969, 1986, 1994, 2006, 2008
Rojos del Águila 5 4 1937, 1938, 1952, 1961, 1970 1939, 1960, 1962, 1968
Pericos 4 5 1925[3], 1963, 1979[4], 1986[5] 1948, 1961, 1964, 1965, 2010
Saraperos 3 6 1980, 2009, 2010 1971, 1972, 1973, 1988, 2004, 2005
Leones 3 3 1957, 1984, 2006 1954, 1989, 2007
Piratas 2 0 1983, 2004 -
Broncos 1 2 1969 1967, 1981
Olmecas 1 0 1993 -
Guerreros 1 0 1998 -
Acereros 0 1 - 1998

Championships by franchise (all-time)

Team Titles
Diablos 15
Tigres 10
Sultanes 9
Rojos del Águila 5
Tecolotes 5
Azules 4
Pericos 4
Alijadores 3
Leones 3
Saraperos 3
Agrario 2
Algodoneros 2
Cafeteros 2
Charros 2
Piratas 2
Tigres (Comintra) 2
Bravos 1
Broncos 1
Chiclet's Adams 1
Gendarmería 1
Guerreros 1
Indios 1
Monte de Piedad 1
Obras Públicas 1
Ocampo 1
Olmecas 1
Petroleros (Poza Rica) 1
Policía 1
Rieleros 1
Tráfico 1

See also

References

  1. ^ "Scoreboard". Minor league baseball. http://web.minorleaguebaseball.com/milb/scoreboard/index.jsp?ymd=20110822. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "LMP.mx". Mexican Pacific League. http://www.ligadelpacifico.com.mx/index.php. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Won Title As 74 Regimiento (First champion in the leagues History)
  4. ^ Won Title As Angeles De Puebla
  5. ^ Won Title As Angeles Negros De Puebla

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