- Texas longhorn (cattle)
The Texas longhorn is a breed of
cattleknown for its characteristic horns, which can extend to 120 inches tip to tip for steers and exceptional cows and bulls in the 70 to 80 inch tip to tip range. Horns can have a slight upward turn at their tips or even triple twist. Texas Longhorns are known for their extreme diversified coloring. The Texas Longhorn Breeders Association of Americaand the International Texas Longhorn Associationserve as the recognized registries for the breed. Texas Longhorns with elite genetics can often fetch up to $40,000 or more at auction with the record of $160,000 in recent history for a cow . [Herskovitz, John. [http://www.enn.com/today.html?id=463 Texas Returns to Passion of the Longhorn] " Reuters" via "Environmental News Network". November 26, 2004.] Due to their innate gentle dispositions and intelligence, Texas Longhorns are increasingly being trained as Riding Steers.
The Cattlemen’s Texas Longhorn Registry
Certified Texas Longhorn Registry(CTLR), is the recognized breed registry dedicated to preserving the purest Texas Longhorn of foundation bloodlines. By incorporating the tools of visual inspection of cattle by the most knowledgeable of Texas Longhorn breeders and the use of bloodtype analysis to further identify any evidence of impurities and for future parentage identification, CTLR rekindled the ideal of preserving for posterity fullblood Texas Longhorn cattle. [ [http://www.ctlr.org/ Certified Texas Longhorn Registry] ]
History of the breed
The first cattle to set foot in North America and the only breed of cattle to evolve without human management, the Texas Longhorn can thrive in country where no other breed can live; subsist on weeds, cactus and brush; range days away from water; and stay fit and fertile whether it’s living in the scorching, parasite-infested tropics or in the arid, subzero winters of Montana. [ [http://www.ctlr.org/history.html Certified Texas Longhorn Registry] ]
The leaner longhorn beef was not as attractive in an era where
tallowwas highly prized, and the longhorn's ability to survive on often poor vegetation of the open range was no longer as much of an issue. Other breeds demonstrated traits more highly valued by the modern rancher, such as the ability to put on weight quickly. The Texas longhorn stock slowly dwindled, until in 1927 the breed was saved from almost certain extinction by enthusiasts from the United States Forest Service, who collected a small herd of stock to breed on a refuge in Oklahoma. A few years later, J. Frank Dobieand others gathered small herds to keep in Texas state parks. They were cared for largely as curiosities, but the stock's longevity, resistance to disease and ability to thrive on marginal pastures quickly revived the breed as beef stock. Today, the breed is still used as a beef stock, though many Texas ranchers keep herds purely because of their link to Texas history.
In other parts of North America this breed is used for much more. Longhorn cattle have a strong survival instinct and can find food and shelter during times of rough weather. Longhorn calves are very tough and can stand up sooner after birth than other breeds. Longhorn cattle can breed for a long time, well into their teens. There have been cows that have bred for up to thirty years. Some Ranchers keep Longhorns for their easy calving. A Longhorn cow will often go off on her own to a safe place to have the calf then bring it home. They are also known to hide their calves in safe places to avoid predation, sometimes causing difficulty for ranchers, who may need to work on the animal.
Most breeds of cattle fall into either beef or dairy. The Texas longhorn is a beef animal and is known for its lean beef, which is lower in fat, cholesterol and calories than most beef. The Texas Longhorns are also used for their many excellent qualities adding hybrid vigor and easy calving abilities when crossed with other breeds. However, they continue to represent the romance of the Old West and are often retained for their beauty and intelligence.One current trend for Texas Longhorn breeders (owners) is to breed for horn characteristics. Due to the variation in horn growth, with some cattle having almost flat horns while others have many twists and turns, there are 3 horn measurements that can be taken.
*Tip to Tip - The length from each tip of the horn, a straight line. This is a common measurement.
*Total Horn - The total length following the horn and always greater than the Tip to Tip
*Base (or Poll) - The circumference of the horn at the largest point.These measurements can be adjusted to a Horns per Month of Age (HMA) which is calculated by dividing the number of months of age into the horn measurement. For example, a 48 month old animal with 50" of horn would be 50 / 48 or 1.04" per month of age.
It is not uncommon for commercial ranchers to cross breed longhorns with other breeds, thus increasing hybrid vigor and easy calving characteristics. This is especially true in warmer climates where purebred longhorn cattle excel in this environment.
Texas longhorn in popular culture
*The Texas longhorn is an official symbol for the city of
Fort Worth, Texas, which is nicknamed "Cowtown".
*The Longhorns is the name used for the sports teams of The University of Texas at Austin; the school colors,
whiteand burnt orange(originally orange until changed by Darrell Royalto more closely resemble the color of the football), refer to the natural coloring of the animals. The school mascotis a longhorn named Bevo.
Texas Parks and Wildlifemaintain an official "State Longhorn Herd", created by Sid Richardsonand J. Frank Dobie. Portions of the herd are kept at various state parks within Texas. [ [http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/spdest/parkinfo/longhorn/ History of the Official State Longhorn Herd] , Texas Parks and Wildlife Department website, February 9 2007.]
* Around 1933, pioneer
Texas Longhornbreeder Graves Peelermentioned that some of the Longhorn cattle that he had been collecting recently were for the western moviestar Tom Mix, and over the years at least four other publications repeated the Tom Mixstory. Later, it became known that Graves Peelerwas actually collecting the cattle for western moviestar and Columbia Recordsrecording star Gene Autry.
* The 1966 film
The Rare Breedstarring James Stewartcharts the replacement of Texas Longhorns in the 1880s by British Hereford Cattle.
*Will C. Barnes, "Wichita Forest Will Be Lair of Longhorns," The Cattleman, April 1926.
*Dan Kilgore, "Texas Cattle Origins," The Cattleman, January 1983.
*James Westfall Thompson, History of Livestock Raising in the United States, 1607-1860 (Washington: U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1942).
*James Frank Dobie, "The Longhorns" (Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press, 1980) (ISBN 029274627X).
*Don Worcester, "The Texas Longhorn: Relic of the Past, Asset for the Future" (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1987) (ISBN 0890966257).
*Premier Longhorns-Information About Texas Longhorns
* [http://www.ctlr.org/ Cattlemen's Texas Longhorn Registry] organization that preserves and certifies the purest breed of Texas Longhorn cattle
*Handbook of Texas|id=LL/atl2|name=Longhorn Cattle
* [http://www.longhornroundup.com/ The Longhorn Roundup News] monthly newspaper to the Texas Longhorn industry
* [http://www.premierlonghorns.com/ Raising & Training your own Texas Longhorn Riding Steers]
* [http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/spdest/parkinfo/longhorn/ Texas Longhorns in State Parks]
* [http://www.tlbaa.org/ Texas Longhorns Breeders Association of America] organization that promotes and preserves the Texas Longhorn cattle history
* [http://www.luckysnlranch.com/articles/33.html/ "The Gathering of the Texas Herd"] - early development of
Texas Longhornbreed by Graves Peeler, Sid Richardson, Gene Autry, J. Frank Dobie, there are also many important and relative historical library references.
* [http://www.purelonghorns.com/ Pure Texas Longhorn Blog]
* [http://www.breedsofcattle.net Breeds of Cattle] – Official 2nd Edition
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