- Bread and Roses
The slogan "Bread and Roses" originated in a poem of that name by
James Oppenheim, published in American Magazinein December 1911, which attributed it to "the women in the West". It is commonly associated with a textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusettsduring January-March 1912, now often known as the " Bread and Roses strike".
The slogan appeals for both fair wages and dignified conditions.
The Lawrence strike, which united dozens of immigrant communities under the leadership of the
Industrial Workers of the World, was led to a large extent by women. Many claimcitequote that during the strike some of the women carried a sign that said, "We want bread, but we want roses, too!" No reliable evidence has yet been found to verify this,Fact|date=April 2007 and the claim has been rejected by some veterans of the Lawrence strike.Fact|date=April 2007
A 1916 labor anthology, "The Cry for Justice: An Anthology of the Literature of Social Protest" by
Upton Sinclair, is the first known source to attribute the phrase to the Lawrence strikers. A republication of Oppenheim's poem in 1912, following the strike, attributed it to "Chicago Women Trade Unionists".
The strike was settled on
March 14, 1912, on terms generally favorable to the workers. The workers won pay increases, time-and-a-quarter pay for overtime, and a promise of no discrimination against strikers. The strikers are credited with inventing the moving picket line (so that they would not be arrested for loitering).Fact|date=July 2008
The strike and slogan have been the inspiration for the names of a diverse collection of organisations and publications.
* The usage of the rose by the
Irish Labour Party-- and its sister parties around the world -- owes it its origins to the slogan.
* Oppenheim's poem was set to music in 1976 by
Mimi Fariñaand has been recorded by various artists, including Judy Collins, Ani DiFranco, Utah Phillips, John Denver, and Josh Lucker.
New Zealand Labour PartyMember of Parliament, Union leader, and women's rights campaigner Sonja Daviescalled her autobiography "Bread and Roses", after the poem. This autobiography was the basis of a successful New Zealandmini-series directed by Gaylene Preston, which concentrates upon Davies's early life as a single mother organiser of protest action to keep her local railway line open.
housing cooperativein Kitchener, Ontariothat specializes in providing affordable housing for people living with HIVand/or AIDS.
* In 2000 British director
Ken Loachtitled a movie "Bread and Roses". The film is about the struggle of two Mexican labourers in Los Angeles, performed by Pilar Padillaand Elpidia Carrillo, for the right to form a union. It depicts an episode in the ongoing Justice for Janitorscampaign, which is run by the Service Employees International Union.
Eben Moglenuses this image when talking about culture in the ditigal age: "In the digital age, when all culture can be given to everyone at the same price as it's given to one person, we have enough bread and roses. So it's strange that Rupert Murdochand Michael Eisner have most of the bread, and all of the roses."
* A quarterly journal produced by the UK section of the
Industrial Workers of the World('Wobblies') [http://www.iww.org.uk/br/index.html]
* A Labor Day celebration, Bread and Roses Heritage Festival, in Lawrence, Massachusetts
pubin London, run by the Workers Beer Company
* A charitable foundation in
* A non-profit organization founded by
Mimi Farinathat brings entertainment to shut-ins in prisons, hospitals and convalescent homes.
Mount Holyoke Collegeseniors sing a song titled "Bread and Roses" during their Laural Parade at graduation. [http://www.alumnae.mtholyoke.edu/reunions/songs1.php]
Bryn Mawr Collegestudents sing the same song after three of their annual traditions nights. [http://www.brynmawr.edu/activities/traditions.shtml]
April 14, 2007, the song marked the final notes performed at New York City's experimental music venue, Tonic, as part of a protest against gentrificationpushing out such venues in the Lower East Sidebefore police arrested performers, Rebecca Mooreand Marc Ribot.
* A fair trade, organic
caféin the Skydragon Centredowntown Hamilton, Ontario.
bakeryin the Bloor West Villageneighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario.
caféthat serves free hot meals to homelessindividuals and families in Venice, Los Angeles, California.
* A memorial to
Julius and Ethel Rosenbergin Havana, Cubareads: "For Peace Bread And Roses We Will Face The Executioner. Ethel And Julius Rosenberg. Murdered June 19, 1953."
* A feminist radio show on KBOO in Portland, Oregon.
Poem and Song lyrics
* Bruce Watson, "Bread and Roses: Mills, Migrants, and the Struggle for the American Dream" (New York: Viking, 2005), ISBN 0-670-03397-9.
Anna LoPizzo, woman striker killed during the Lawrence textile strike
*William M. Wood Co-founder of the
American Woolen Company
* [http://www.iww.org/culture/chronology/chronology2.shtml Industrial Workers of the World chronology]
* [http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/45b/073.html Bread & Roses: The Strike Led and Won by Women]
* [http://www.geocities.com/breadandrosesboston The Boston Band called Bread and Roses]
* [http://www.breadandroses.net/ Bread and Roses Heritage Festival]
* [http://www.breadandrosespub.com/ Bread and Roses Pub London]
* [http://www.breadandroses.org/ Bread & Roses Nonprofit founded by Mimi Fariña]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Bread And Roses — est un film réalisé par Ken Loach sorti en 2000 avec comme tête d affiche Adrien Brody. Le film traite de la lutte des travailleurs immigrés pauvres dans le domaine de l entretien à Los Angeles pour de meilleures conditions de travail et la… … Wikipédia en Français
Bread and roses — est un film réalisé par Ken Loach sorti en 2000 avec comme tête d affiche Adrien Brody. Le film traite de la lutte des travailleurs immigrés pauvres dans le domaine de l entretien à Los Angeles pour de meilleures conditions de travail et la… … Wikipédia en Français
Bread and Roses — est un film réalisé par Ken Loach sorti en 2000 avec comme tête d affiche Adrien Brody. Le film traite de la lutte des travailleurs immigrés pauvres dans le domaine de l entretien à Los Angeles pour de meilleures conditions de travail et la… … Wikipédia en Français
Bread and Roses — Comédie dramatique de Ken Loach, avec Pilar Padilla, Adrien Brody, Elpidia Carrillo, Jack McGee, Monica Rivas, Frank Davila. Scénario: Paul Laverty Photographie: Barry Ackroyd Décor: Martin Johnson Musique: George Fenton Montage:… … Dictionnaire mondial des Films
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Bread and Roses (album) — Infobox Album Name = Bread and Roses Type = studio album Artist = Judy Collins Released = November 1976 Recorded = 1976 Genre = Folk Length = Label = Elektra Producer = Arif Mardin Reviews = *Allmusic Rating|2.5|5… … Wikipedia
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