Northampton (UK Parliament constituency)


Northampton (UK Parliament constituency)
Northampton
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Northamptonshire
Major settlements Northampton
1295 (1295)1918 (1918)
Number of members One
1918 (1918)1974 (1974)
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by Northampton North and Northampton South

Northampton was a parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Northampton which existed until 1974.

It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until its representation was reduced to one member for the 1918 general election. It was abolished for the February 1974 general election, when it was replaced by the new constituencies of Northampton North and Northampton South.

A former MP of note for the constituency was Spencer Perceval, the only British Prime Minister to be assassinated.

Contents

Boundaries

Members of Parliament

1295-1640

  • 1295: constituency established, electing two MPs
Parliament First member Second member
1377 Sir Gerard de Braybooke of Castle Ashby
1377 Sir Thomas Preston of Gretton
1378 Sir John Seton
1379 Sir Thomas Preston of Gretton
1380 Sir Thomas Preston of Gretton
1382 Giles St John of Plumpton
1386 William Spriggy WIilliam Ringwood [1]
1388 (Feb) Thomas Pirie John Stotesbury [1]
1388 (Sep) John Honybourne John Besford [1]
1390 (Jan) John Colingtree John Sywell [1]
1390 (Nov)
1391 William Begworth John Stotesbury [1]
1393 William Spriggy Stephen Wappenham [1]
1394
1395 Nicholas Horncastle John Woodward [1]
1397 (Jan) Richard Stormsworth Thomas Overton [1]
1397 (Sep)
1399 John Loudham John Spring [1]
1401
1406 Henry Empingham Thomas Wintringham [1]
1407 John Rivell John Temple[1]
1410 Simon Dunstall John Lincoln [1]
1411 Richard Wems William Rushden [1]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Roger Maltman Alexander Deyster [1]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) Geoffrey Balde John Hethersett [1]
1415
1416 (Mar) John Hendley John Buckingham [1]
1416 (Oct)
1417 William Clerk Thomas Colley [1]
1419 Thomas Stotesbury Ralph Passenham [1]
1420 William Maltman William Harpole [1]
1421 (May) John Bernhill John Ccolden[1]
1421 (Dec) John Spriggy Stephen Kynnesman [1]
1477–1478 Robert Pemberton
1510-1515 No names known [2]
1523 John Parvyn Thomas Doddington [2]
1529 Lawrence Manley Nicholas Rand [2]
1536  ?
1539  ?
1542  ?
1545  ?
1547 Richard Wenman Anthony Bryan [2]
1553 (Mar) George Tresham William Chauncy [2]
1553 (Oct) Francis Morgan Lawrence Manley [2]
1554 (Apr) Francis Morgan John Horpool [2]
1554 (Nov) Henry Clerke Ralph Freeman [2]
1555 Nicholas Rand John Balgye [2]
1558 Thomas Colles Edward Manley [2]
1559 (Jan) William Carvell Edmund (or Edward) Kinwelmersh[3]
1562/3 Lewis Montgomery Ralph Lane [3]
1571 Christopher Yelverton - [3]
1572 (Apr) Christopher Yelverton John Spencer [3]
1584 (Nov) Sir Richard Knightley Thomas Catesby [3]
1586 (Sep) Sir Richard Knightley Peter Wentworth [3]
1588 (Oct) Peter Wentworth Richard Knollys [3]
1593 Valentne Knightley Peter Wentworth [3]
1597 (Oct) Christopher Yelverton Henry Yelverton [3]
1601 Henry Hickman Francis Tate [3]
1604 Henry Yelverton Edward Mercer
1614 Henry Yelverton Francis Beale
1621-1622 Richard Spencer Thomas Crewe
1624 Richard Spencer Christopher Sherland
1625 Richard Spencer Christopher Sherland
1626 Richard Spencer Christopher Sherland
1628 Richard Spencer Christopher Sherland
1629–1640 No Parliaments convened

1640-1918

Election First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 Richard Knightley Parliamentarian  ?
November 1640 Zouch Tate Parliamentarian
December 1648 Knightley excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant Tate not recorded as sitting after Pride's Purge
1653 Northampton was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Peter Whalley Northampton had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656 Francis Harvey
January 1659 James Langham
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
March 1660 Francis Harvey Richard Rainsford
June 1660 Sir John Norwich, Bt.
April 1661 Francis Harvey James Langham
November 1661 Sir Charles Compton Richard Rainsford
1662 Sir James Langham, Bt.
March 1663 Sir William Dudley, Bt.
April 1663 Hon. Christopher Hatton
March 1664 Sir John Bernard
April 1664 Sir Henry Yelverton, Bt.
1670 Sir William Fermor Lord Ibrackan
1678 Hon. Ralph Montagu
February 1679 Sir Hugh Cholmley, Bt.
August 1679 William Langham Hon. Ralph Montagu
1685 Richard Rainsford Sir Justinian Isham, Bt.
1689 William Langham
1690 Sir Thomas Samwell, Bt.
1694 Sir Justinian Isham, Bt.
1695 Christopher Montagu
1698 William Thursby
1701 Thomas Andrew
1702 Sir Matthew Dudley, Bt. Bartholomew Tate
1704 Francis Arundell
1705 George Montagu
1710 William Wykes
1715 William Wilmer
1722 Edward Montagu
1727 Hon. George Compton
1734 William Wilmer
1744 George Montagu
April 1754 Charles Montagu
December 1754 Hon. Charles Compton
1755 Richard Backwell
1759 Frederick Montagu
1761 Spencer Compton
1763 Lucy Knightly
1768 Vice-Admiral Sir George Brydges Rodney Sir George Osborn, Bt. [4]
1769 Hon. Thomas Howe
1771 Wilbraham Tollemache
1774 Sir George Robinson, 5th Bt.
1780 Viscount Althorp George Rodney
1782 The Lord Lucan
1784 Lord Compton Fiennes Trotman
1790 Hon. Edward Bouverie
1796 Hon. Spencer Perceval
1810 William Hanbury Bateman
1812 Earl Compton
1818 Sir Edward Kerrison, Bt.
1820 Sir George Robinson, 6th Bt. William Leader Maberly
1830 Sir Robert Gunning, Bt.
1831 Robert Vernon Smith Whig
1832 Charles Ross Conservative
1837 Raikes Currie Whig
1857 Charles Gilpin Whig
1859 Liberal Liberal
1859 by-election The Lord Henley Liberal
February 1874 Pickering Phipps Conservative
October 1874 by-election Charles George Merewether [5] Conservative
1880 Henry du Pré Labouchère Liberal Charles Bradlaugh Liberal
1891 by-election (Sir) Moses Philip Manfield Liberal
1895 Charles Gustavus Adolphus Drucker Conservative
1900 John Greenwood Shipman Liberal
1906 Herbert Woodfield Paul Liberal
Jan. 1910 Hastings Bertrand Lees-Smith Liberal Charles McCurdy Liberal
1918 Representation reduced to one member

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "History of Parliament". http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/constituencies/northampton. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/constituencies/northampton. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Parliament". http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/constituencies/northampton. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  4. ^ On petition, Osborn was declared not to have been duly elected and his opponent Howe was declared elected in his place
  5. ^ Account of the 1874 by-election in The Times, Thursday, Oct 08, 1874; pg. 10; Issue 28128; col E "The Northampton Election" . Charles Merewether is among a list of former MPs who have died in 1884 in The Times, Wednesday, 31 December 1884; page. 7; Issue 31331; col A. At that time he was a Queen's Counsel. He was appointed Recorder of Leicester in 1868 Source: The Leicester Chronicle and the Leicestershire Mercury, Saturday, 24 October 1868; pg. 6. "Borough Sessions Wednesday 21 October".

1918-1974

Election Member Party
1918 Charles McCurdy Coalition Liberal
1922 National Liberal
1923 Margaret Bondfield Labour
1924 Sir Arthur Holland Conservative
1928 by-election Cecil Malone Labour
1931 Sir Mervyn Manningham-Buller Conservative
1940 by-election Spencer Summers Conservative
1945 Reginald Paget Labour
Feb 1974 constituency abolished

Election results

References

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
vacant. Last was Cambridge University in 1806
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1809 - 1812
Succeeded by
vacant. Next was Newport (Isle of Wight) in 1827

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