Geology of Iceland


Geology of Iceland

The geology of Iceland is unique and of particular interest to geologists. Iceland lies on the geologic rift between the Eurasian plate and the North American plate. It also lies above a hotspot, the Iceland plume, which is believed to have caused the formation of Iceland itself. The result is an island of volcanism and geothermal phenomena such as geysers.

The eruption of Laki in 1783 caused much devastation and loss of life and affected Europe.

In the period 1963 to 1967 the new island of Surtsey was created on the southwest coast by a volcanic eruption.

ee also

* Geography of Iceland
* Fjords of Iceland
* Geothermal power in Iceland
* Glaciers of Iceland
* Iceland plume
* Lakes of Iceland
* List of islands off Iceland
* List of volcanoes in Iceland
* Rivers of Iceland
* Volcanoes of Iceland
* Waterfalls of Iceland

External links

* [http://www.union.edu/PUBLIC/GEODEPT/COURSES/petrology/labs/iceland/iceland.htm Maps and illustrative photos] from Union College


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