- Hüsker Dü
:"For other uses, see
Husker Du."Infobox musical artist
Name = Hüsker Dü
Img_capt = Hüsker Dü in 1985. Left to right:
Greg Norton, Grant Hart, Bob Mould
Background = group_or_band
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota, USA
Alternative rock Hardcore punk
Years_active = 1979–1987
Label = New Alliance
Grant Hart Bob Mould Greg Norton
Hüsker Dü was an American
alternative rockband formed in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesotain 1979. The band's continual members were guitarist Bob Mould, bassist Greg Norton, and drummer Grant Hart. Hüsker Dü never achieved mainstream success, but attained an influence far larger than its modest sales figures would indicate. Following a series of successful albums, including " Zen Arcade" (1984) and " New Day Rising" (1985), the band signed to Warner Bros. Recordsin 1986, becoming one of the first American underground rock bands to sign with a major record label.
Hüsker Dü first gained notice as a
hardcore punkband with thrashing tempos and screamed vocals. The band developed a more melodic musical style as they drifted away from their early sound, helping to develop the early alternative rocksound in the process. Mould and Hart split the songwriting and singing duties; Mould's lyrics were known for being more soul-searching and intense than the often whimsical and cryptic ones of Hart.
Hüsker Dü broke up in 1987 without achieving a popular breakthrough. Mould formed another band, Sugar, in the early 1990s and has embarked on a solo career on various occasions; Hart and Norton have been less active since Hüsker Dü's demise. Although never experiencing commercial success, Hüsker Dü influenced a number of later
pop punkand alternative rockbands, such as the Pixies, Dinosaur Jr., Superchunk, Green Day, New Found Gloryand Foo Fighters.
Formation and early years
The group that became Hüsker Dü formed when Bob Mould, Grant Hart, Greg Norton and keyboardist Charlie Pine began playing together in 1979. [Azerrad, Michael. "
Our Band Could Be Your Life". Little Brown and Company, 2001. ISBN 0316787531, p. 161] At the time, Mould was a freshman at Macalester College, and frequented Cheapo Discs a St Paul record store where Hart was a sales clerk. Hart and Norton had originally met while applying for the same job, which Norton eventually got. Hart and Mould bonded over a shared love of the Ramones, and soon after enlisted Norton and Pine to form a band. They were soon gigging, playing mostly cover songs, some classic rock, and frequent Ramones tunes. Unbeknownst to Pine, the remaining bandmembers disliked their sound and began practicing without him, writing a few originals.
They owed their new name to a rather sloppy rehearsal of the
Talking Heads' " Psycho Killer". Unable to recall the French portions sung in the original ("qu'est-ce que c'est"), they began shouting any foreign-language terms they could remember, when someone said "Hūsker Dū?", a board gamethat had been popular in the 1970s. The term, without the umlauts, means "Do you remember?" in Norwegian and Danish. The group added Heavy metal umlauts to complete the name. Mould reports that they liked "Hüsker Dü"'s somewhat mysterious qualities, which set them apart from other hardcore punk groups with names like "Social Red Youth Dynasty Brigade Distortion". [Azerrad, 2001. p. 161] Mould also reported that while Hüsker Dü enjoyed much hardcore punk in general, they never thought of themselves as exclusively a hardcore group, and that their name was an attempt to avoid being pigeonholed. Hart, Mould, and Norton fired Pine during their first official performance, on March 30, 1979, and continued as a trio.
By 1980 the band was performing regularly in Minneapolis, and their music evolved into a fast, ferocious, primal sound, making them one of the original hardcore punk bands. Through heavy touring they soon caught the attention of punk trailblazers like Black Flag and the
Dead Kennedys' Jello Biafra, which helped introduce Hüsker Dü to new fans. Black Flag guitarist/songwriter Greg Ginnlater signed the band to his label, SST Records.
The band started releasing singles on
Terry Katzman's Reflex Recordsin 1981. Their first two albums, "Land Speed Record" (a live recording) and " Everything Falls Apart", brought much critical praise. Determined touring brought them to the attention of The Minutemen, who released their debut and the "In A Free Land" single on their label, New Alliance Records. This, in turn, led to the band signing with SST.
The intense, but varied, "
Metal Circus" EP/mini-album was released in 1983. Hüsker Dü's more melodic take on hardcore struck a chord with college students, and various tracks from "Metal Circus", particularly Hart's "Diane," were put into rotation by dozens of campus radiostations across the US. [Azerrad, p. 173] In addition, on "Metal Circus" the band showed more invention, skill, and melody than it did over the course of their previous full album "Everything Falls Apart." [ [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:fifoxq85ldse Review of "Metal Circus on Allmusic.com] ]
"Zen Arcade", "New Day Rising" and "Flip Your Wig"
The members of Hüsker Dü desired to escape the restrictions of the hardcore genre. In an interview with
Steve Albinifor his "Matter" column in 1983, singer and guitarist Bob Mouldtold Albini: "We're going to try to do something bigger than anything like rock & roll and the whole puny touring band idea. I don't know what it's going to be, we have to work that out, but it's going to go beyond the whole idea of 'punk rock' or whatever." [Azerrad, p. 180] The following year, Hüsker Dü recorded the double album " Zen Arcade" in 45 hours for the cost of $3,200. [Azerrad, p. 181] "Zen Arcade" is a concept albumfollowing a boy who leaves home to face a harsh and unforgiving world. Its artistic and conceptual ambitions were a great stretch, given the purist sentiment then prevalent in U.S. punk rock. "Zen Arcade" received critical praise and significant mainstream music press attention, ending up on several year end best-of lists; it also helped expand the band's audience beyond the punk community. [Azerrad, p. 183] In his review for "Rolling Stone," David Frickedescribed "Zen Arcade" as "the closest hardcore will ever get to an opera ... a kind of thrash " Quadrophenia"." [cite web | url=http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/huskerdu/albums/album/110848/review/5944241/zen_arcade | title=Rolling Stone: Hüsker Dü: Zen Arcade | accessdate=2007-01-16] SST erred on the side of caution and initially pressed between 3,500 and 5,000 copies of the album, but the record sold out a few weeks into the band's tour to support the record. The album remained out of stock for months afterward, which affected sales and frustrated the band. [Azerrad, p. 182]
filename=Husker Du - Celebrated Summer.ogg
description=Sample of "Celebrated Summer" from "
New Day Rising"
OggHüsker Dü started recording its follow-up album " New Day Rising" just as "Zen Arcade" was released. "New Day Rising" was released six months later in early 1985. [Azerrad, p. 184] Another album, " Flip Your Wig", followed later that year. "Flip Your Wig" became the first album released on an independent record label to top the " CMJ" album chart, and at year's end, both "New Day Rising" and "Flip Your Wig" ranked in the top ten of the " Village Voice" annual Pazz & Jopcritics' poll. [Azerrad, p. 189]
Major label era
During the recordings sessions for "Flip Your Wig" major label
Warner Bros. Recordsapproached Hüsker Dü and offered the group a recording contract. The band felt it had hit a sales ceiling that it could break through only with the help of a major label. The promise of retaining complete creative control over its music convinced the band to sign with the label. [Azerrad, p. 190] Mould also cites the distribution problems with SST as a reason for the move, mentioning that there would sometimes be no records to sign when the band would show up for promotional events.Mould, Bob. "Bob Mould in conversation with Michael Azerrad". City Arts and Lectures. 16 October 2007, San Francisco California.] Hüsker Dü was not expected to sell a large amount of records. Rather, Warner Bros. valued the group for its grassroots fanbase and its "hip" status, and by keeping the overhead low the label anticipated the band would turn a profit. [Azerrad, p. 191]
Hüsker Dü released its debut on Warner Bros., "
Candy Apple Grey", in 1986. A double album, "", followed in 1987.
Creative and personal tensions between Mould and Hart had become irresolvable by the release of "Warehouse", and they intensified when Mould began overseeing most of the band's managerial duties following the suicide of manager David Savoy on the eve of the tour in support of the album. In September 2006, Hart told Britain's "Q" magazine, "I take full responsibility for [David's] suicide. It was a direct result of the pressure of working for Bob and me, because he was being forced into a two-faced situation." ["Q", October 2006] Mould also called the suicide "the beginning of the end". The band dissolved after a show in
Columbia, Missouriin support of the band's 1987 double album "". Hart was trying to quit heroin using a supply of methadone, but the bottle had leaked. Hart played the show, but Mould and Norton were concerned Hart would soon be suffering from withdrawal and thus would be unable to play the next few shows. While Hart insisted he could perform, Mould had already canceled the dates. Hart quit the band four days later. [Azerrad, p. 194] "The Living End", a live collection taken from the band's final tour, was released after the band's demise.
Mould and Hart have continued making music separately. Both have produced solo albums and formed alternative rock bands, Sugar and
Nova Mob, respectively. Mould has also joined Richard Morelin the band Blowoff. Mould has returned to touring regularly with his solo albums "Body of Song" and "District Line" and is playing Hüsker Dü (as well as Sugar) songs live again. His backup band features several notable musicians, including Brendan Canty. Norton formed the short-lived band Grey Area, played with Shotgun Rationale, and became a chef; he and his wife Sarah own a restaurant in Red Wing, Minnesota called The Nortons'. In addition to his restaurant duties, in 2006 Norton returned to music as bassist for the Minnesota based band The Gang Font, feat. Interloper. The group released an eponymous album in 2007.
Mould and Hart did a brief, unannounced reunion in 2004 at a
benefit concertfor ailing Soul Asylumbassist Karl Mueller(who had been receiving treatment for cancer, and has since died). At the end of what had been scheduled as a Bob Mould solo set, he brought Hart out and the duo played two Hüsker Dü songs, "Hardly Getting Over It" and "Never Talking To You Again". Mould wrote on his blog that the performance was an impromptu, last-minute suggestion by Hart and shouldn't kindle any "false hope" for a reunion. [ [http://modulate.blogspot.com/2004_11_01_modulate_archive.html#110053334529562308 Boblog ] ]
In June 2005, Mould told "Billboard" magazine in an interview that SST had not given the band an accounting of their record and CD sales in several years, and that plans to regain the master tapes from SST and reissue them elsewhere were being held up by business disputes between the former band members.
As the band's career progressed, Hüsker Dü emphasized melody in its songs. Unlike other hardcore bands, Hüsker Dü did not disavow classic rock. "You know the whole deal with tearing down the old to make room for the new?", Hart posited. "Well, music isn't city planning." [Azerrad, p. 169] The band covered 1960s hits like
Donovan's " Sunshine Superman" and The Byrds' " Eight Miles High" early in its career. As the band members progressed as musicians, they discovered they were able to play at slower tempos while still maintaining the rhythm, which allowed for extended melodies. [Azerrad, p. 185]
Hart and Mould were the band's songwriters. Both wrote their songs separately and at a prodigious pace; in later years Hart accused Mould of making sure his songs comprised no more than 45 percent of the material on an album. [Azerrad, p. 192] Despite the creative friction and their differing individual personalities, the members accommodated each other so that the band could continue to exist. They designed their logo to represent their common train of thought: a circle enclosing three parallel horizontal lines with a vertical line connecting them. The circle symbolized the band, the three lines the individual members, and the intersecting line the common thread of creativity which connected them.
Hüsker Dü is widely regarded as one of the key bands to emerge from the 1980s American indie scene. Music writer
Michael Azerradasserted in his book " Our Band Could Be Your Life" (2001) that Hüsker Dü was the key link between hardcore punk and the more melodic, diverse music of college rockthat emerged. Azerrad wrote, "Hüsker Dü played a huge role in convincing the underground that melody and punk rock weren't antithetical." The band also set an example by being the first band from the American indie scene to sign to a major record label, which helped establish college rock as "a viable commercial enterprise." [Azerrad, p. 159]
Hüsker Dü's sound has been influential on several bands on through the 1990s, including the
Pixies, My Bloody Valentine, Nirvana, Superchunk, Soul Asylum, New Found Gloryand Green Day. Green Day frontman Billie Joe Armstronghas said, " The Replacementsand Hüsker Dü are probably the bands that influenced me the most", particularly in his approach to creating chord progressions. [di Perna, Alan. "Young, Loud & Snotty". "Guitar World". August 1996.]
Everything Falls Apart" (1983)
Zen Arcade" (1984)
New Day Rising" (1985)
Flip Your Wig" (1985)
Candy Apple Grey" (1986)
*Azerrad, Michael. "
Our Band Could Be Your Life". Little Brown and Company, 2001. ISBN 0316787531.
* [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:os320roac48z All Music Guide: Hüsker Dü]
* [http://www.huskerdu.net Hüsker Dü Vlog (Video Blog)]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Husker Du — Hüsker Dü Gründung 1978/1979 Auflösung 17. Dezember 1987 Genre Hardcore Punk (bis 1982), Alternative Rock, Postcore Mitglieder Gesang, Gitarre Bob Mould … Deutsch Wikipedia
Husker Du — Hüsker Dü Bob Mould, guitariste et chanteur de Hüsker Dü … Wikipédia en Français
Husker du — Hüsker Dü Bob Mould, guitariste et chanteur de Hüsker Dü … Wikipédia en Français
Hüsker Dü — Bob Mould, guitariste et chanteur de Hüsker Dü Pays d’origine Saint Paul, Minnesota … Wikipédia en Français
Hüsker Dü — Hüsker Dü … Википедия
Husker Du — means Do you remember in Danish and Norwegian. The phrase may refer to: *Hüsker Dü, an American alternative rock/hardcore punk music group from Minneapolis St. Paul, Minnesota *Hūsker Dū? (game), a Danish board game * Husker Du , a Danish… … Wikipedia
Husker — may refer to: * A Nebraska resident (current or former). * A Nebraska Cornhusker, student of the University of Nebraska, Lincoln; particularly as representing that institution in interscholastic activities . * William Adama s callsign in the… … Wikipedia
Hüsker Dü — Hüsker Dü … Deutsch Wikipedia
husker — 1780, agent noun from HUSK (Cf. husk) (v.). Cornhuskers as a nickname for athletics squads from Nebraska is attested by 1903 … Etymology dictionary
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