- Adela of France, Countess of Flanders
Adela Capet, Adèle of France or Adela of Flanders [Other forms of her name are Adela, Adélaïde, Adelheid, Aelis and Alix.] , known also as Adela the Holy or Adela of Messines; (1009 –
8 January, 1079, Messines) was the second daughter of Robert II (the Pious), and Constance of Arles. As dowry to her future husband, she received from his father the title of "Countess of Corbie".
She was a member of the
House of Capet, the rulers of France. As the wife of Baldwin V, she was Countess of Flanders from 1036 to 1067.
She married first 1027 Richard III Duke of Normandy (997 † 1027). They never had children.As a widow, she remarried in 1028 in
Paristo Baldwin V of Flanders(1012 † 1067). Their children were:
Baldwin VI of Flanders, (1030 † 1070)
Matilda of Flanders(1032 † 1083). In 1053 she married William Duke of Normandy, the future king of England
Robert I of Flanders, (1033-1093)
* Henry of Flanders (c. 1035)
* Sir Richard of Flanders (c. 1050-1105)
Adèle’s influence lay mainly in her family connections. On the death of her brother, Henry I of France, the guardianship of his seven-year-old son Philip I fell jointly on his widow,
Ann of Kiev, and on his brother-in-law, Adela's husband, so that from 1060 to 1067, they were Regents of France. Battle of Cassel (1071)
When Adela's third son,
Robert the Frisian, was to invade Flanders in 1071 to become the new count (at that time the count was Adela's grandson, Arnulf III), she asked Phillip I to stop him. Phillip sent troops in order to aid Arnulf, being among the forces sent by the king a contingent of ten Norman knights led by William FitzOsborn. Robert's forces attacked Arnulf's numerically superior army at Cassel before it could organize, and Arnulf himself was killed along with William FitzOsborn. The overwhelming triumph of Robert made Phillip invest him with Flanders, making the peace. A year later, Phillip married Robert's stepdaughter, Bertha of Holland, and in 1074, Phillip restored the seigneurie of Corbie to the crown.
Adèle had an especially great interest in Baldwin V’s church-reform politics and was behind her husband’s founding of several
collegiate churches. Directly or indirectly, she was responsible for establishing the Colleges of Aire (1049), Lille (1050) and Harelbeke (1064) as well as the abbeys of Messines (1057) and Ename (1063). After Baldwin’s death in 1067, she went to Rome, took the nun’s veil from the hands of Pope Alexander IIand retreated to the Benedictineconvent of Messines, near Ypres. There she died, being buried at the same monastery. Her commemoration day is 8 September.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Adela of France — (French: Adèle de France ), or variations on this name, may refer to: * Adela of France, Countess of Nevers, the daughter of Hugh Capet and Adelaide of Aquitaine * Adela of France, Countess of Flanders, daughter of Robert II of France and… … Wikipedia
Adela of Normandy — also Adelaide of Normandy sister of William I of England .Infobox British Royalty Countess consort name = Adela of Normandy title = Countess of Blois reign = 1089 – 19 May 1102 spouse = Stephen II, Count of Blois issue = William, Count of… … Wikipedia
Maud of Gloucester, Countess of Chester — Maud of Gloucester Countess of Chester Spouse(s) Ranulf de Gernon, 4th Earl of Chester Issue Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester Richard of Chester Beatrice of Chester Father Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester Mother Mabel FitzHamon of … Wikipedia
List of consorts of the counts of Flanders — See also: Count of Flanders Contents 1 Countess of Flanders 1.1 House of Flanders, 862 1119 1.2 House of Estridsen, 1119 1127 1.3 … Wikipedia
Matilda of Flanders — A Victorian romantic artist s impression of Matilda from Queens of England 1894 Queen consort of the English Coronation 11 May 1068 Tenure 1053 – 2 Novem … Wikipedia
Robert I, Count of Flanders — Robert I of Flanders (b. between 1029 and 1032–13 October 1093, Kassel), known as Robert the Frisian , was count of Flanders from 1071 to 1092.HistoryHe was the younger son of Baldwin V of Flanders and Adèle, a daughter of King Robert II of… … Wikipedia
Robert II of France — Infobox French Royalty|monarch name=Robert II the Pious title=King of the Franks caption=Seal of Robert II reign=30 December 987 ndash; 24 October 996; 24 October 996 ndash; 20 July 1031 reign type=Co reign Solo reign coronation=30 December 987… … Wikipedia
Louis VIII of France — Infobox French Royalty|monarch|name=Louis VIII the Lion title=King of the Franks; Count of Artois caption= reign=14 July 1223 – 8 November 1226 coronation=6 August 1223 full name= predecessor=Philip II Augustus successor=Louis IX spouse=Blanche… … Wikipedia
Mathilde of Flanders — Matilde of Flanders (1170 – 16 October 1210) was the youngest daughter of Marie I, Countess of Boulogne and her husband Matthew, Count of Boulogne. Matilde was Duchess of Brabant, by her marriage to Henry I, Duke of Brabant. Contents 1 Family 2… … Wikipedia
Marie of France, Duchess of Brabant — Marie Duchess of Brabant Reign 22 April 1213 5 September 1235 Issue Elisabeth, Countess of Cleves House House of Capet (by birth) House of Reginar (by marriage) Father Philip I … Wikipedia