- Kielder Water
lake_name = Kielder Reservoir
image_lake = KielderDam.jpg
caption_lake = Kielder Dam in 2007
coords = coord|55|11|N|2|30|W|region:GB_type:waterbody|display=inline,title
basin_countries = United Kingdom
Kielder Water is a large man-made
reservoirin Northumberlandin North East England. It is the largest artificial lake in the United Kingdomby capacity and it is surrounded by Kielder Forest, the largest man-made woodland in Europe. It was planned in the late 1960s to satisfy an expected rise in demand for water to support a booming UK industrial economy. It was constructed between 1975 and 1981 by an AMEC/ Balfour Beatty[ [http://sine.ncl.ac.uk/view_structure_information.asp?struct_id=3544 Structure information] ] joint venture and was opened by the Queen in 1982. It took two years for the valley to fill with water completely once construction was completed.
The decline of traditional heavy industry, together with more water-efficient industrial processes and better control of water supply leakage, served to undermine the original justification for the reservoir and many came to criticise the government-funded project as a
white elephant. In recent years, however, Kielder Water has come into its own, with underground springs ensuring that it always remains at high levels, regardless of the prevailing climate condition. This means that while the south of England is often forced to implement drought strategies and hosepipe bans, North East Englandenjoys plentiful water supplies.
The main conurbations served by the reservoir are
Tyneside, Wearsideand Teesside. The reservoir is linked to the exit point of the Derwent Reservoir in County Durham, with a pipeline fed from the North Tyne river below the Kielder dam. The Derwent Reservoir remains the primary source of water for Tyne and Wear, so water from Kielder can be used to supplement the flow of the River Derwent when the reservoir above is at low levels, and also to provide water into the Derwent Reservoir's distribution system. The Kielder pipeline cannot be used to supplement the water supply to the Derwent Reservoir itself.
With water shortages in the south of the UK apparently worsening by the year, some opinions, especially the privatised water companies, favour the building of further reservoirs of this size. Opposing arguments favour better water-resource management, improved conservation measures, control of leakage and changes in social attitudes to the use of water to manage the apparent shortfall.
Kielder Water is owned by
Northumbrian Water, and holds 200 billion litres, making it the largest reservoir in the United Kingdomby capacity ( Rutland Wateris the largest by surface area). Kielder Water has a 27½ mile shoreline.
It is also one of the region's major
touristvenues, attracting over a quarter of a million visitors a year who come to enjoy the wide range of leisure opportunities on offer.
There are two main visitor centres at Kielder Water - Leaplish waterside park and Tower Knowe visitor centre - and other facilities at
Kielder Village, Falstoneand Stannersburnvillages.
* [http://www.visitnorthumberland.com/site/highlights/the-icons/kielder-water-and-forest-park/ Kielder Water & Forest Park Guide from VisitNorthumberland.com]
* [http://www.kielderwatersc.org/ Kielder Water Sailing Club]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kielder Water — Sp Kilder Vòteris Ap Kielder Water L ež. Jungtinėje Karalystėje (Anglijoje) … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Kielder Forest — is a large forestry plantation in Northumberland, England. It is the largest forest in the UK, covering an area of 500 km² [ [http://www.forestry.gov.uk/forestry/INFD 6QLLGP Forestry Commission England North East Managing our woodlands ] ] .… … Wikipedia
Kielder — can refer to a number of locations in Northumberland, England, as follows: * Kielder, Northumberland, a village, * Kielder Water, a reservoir. * Kielder Forest … Wikipedia
Kielder, Northumberland — infobox UK place country = England official name= Kielder latitude= 55.235 longitude= 2.591 population = shire district= Tynedale region= North East England shire county = Northumberland constituency westminster= Hexham post town= HEXHAM postcode … Wikipedia
Northumbrian Water — (NW) is a trading division of Northumbrian Water Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of Northumbrian Water Group. It provides water and sewerage services in the English counties of Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, Durham and parts of North Yorkshire … Wikipedia
Rutland Water — Infobox lake lake name = Rutland Water image lake = Rutland Water swans (508268544).jpg caption lake = image bathymetry = caption bathymetry = location = Rutland coords = coord|52|40|N|0|40|W|region:GB type:waterbody|display=inline,title type =… … Wikipedia
Rutland Water — Bild gesucht BW Geographische Lage Rutland, England Zuflüsse … Deutsch Wikipedia
Килдеруотер — (Kielder Water)Kielder Water, водоем на р.Тайн в графстве Нортамберленд на С. В. Англии; построен в 197482гг. для улучшения снабжения водой близлежащих городов; один из крупнейших искусственных водоемов Европы; расположен на границе с… … Страны мира. Словарь
Bakethin Reservoir — Infobox lake lake name = Bakethin Reservoir image lake = caption lake = image bathymetry = caption bathymetry = location = coords = coord|55|12|59|N|2|34|22|W|type:waterbody|display=inline,title type = reservoir inflow = River North Tyne outflow … Wikipedia
River Tyne — For other uses, see River Tyne (disambiguation). Coordinates: 55°0′37″N 1°25′8″W / 55.01028°N 1.41889°W / 55.01028; 1.41889 … Wikipedia