Carl Charlier


Carl Charlier

Carl Vilhelm Ludwig Charlier (April 1 1862 – November 5 1934) was a Swedish astronomer.

He received his Ph.D. from Uppsala University in 1887, later worked there and at the Stockholm Observatory and was Professor of Astronomy and Director of the Observatory at Lund University from 1897.

He translated Isaac Newton's "Principia" into Swedish.

He made extensive statistical studies of the stars in our galaxy and their positions and motions, and tried to develop a model of the galaxy based on this.

Related to his work on galactic structure, he also developed a cosmological theory based on the work of Johann Heinrich Lambert. In the resulting Lambert-Charlier Hierarchical Cosmology, increasingly large areas of space contain decreasing densities of matter, the principle being introduced to avoid the observational inconsistency that would otherwise emerge from Olbers Paradox.

*James Craig Watson Medal (1924)
*Bruce Medal (1933)Named after him
*Charlier crater on the Moon
*Crater on Mars
*Asteroid 8677 Charlier
*Charlier polynomials

External links

* [http://www.phys-astro.sonoma.edu/BruceMedalists/Charlier/index.html Bruce Medal page]
* [http://adsabs.harvard.edu//full/seri/PASP./0045//0000005.000.html Awarding of Bruce Medal: PASP 45 (1933) 5]
* [http://www.astro.uu.se/history/swehistory_1860-1940.html Gustav Holmberg: Astronomy in Sweden 1860-1940]

Obituaries

* [http://adsabs.harvard.edu//full/seri/MNRAS/0095//0000339.000.html MNRAS 95 (1935) 339]


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  • Carl Charlier — Carl Vilhelm Ludwig Charlier (* 1. April 1862 in Östersund; † 5. November 1934 in Lund) war ein schwedischer Astronom. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ehrungen 3 Veroeffentlichungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Charlier — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Carl Vilhelm Ludwig Charlier (1 de abril de 1862 – 5 de noviembre de 1934) fue un astrónomo sueco. Trabajó en la Universidad de Uppsala, Observatorio de Estocolmo y en la Universidad de Lund. Hizo extensos trabajos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Carl Charlier — Carl Vilhelm Ludwig Charlier (1er avril 1862 – 5 novembre 1934) était un astronome suédois. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Publications 3 Distinctions honorifiques …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carl Charlier — Carl Vilhelm Ludwig Charlier (1 de abril, 1862 – 5 de noviembre, 1934) fue un astrónomo sueco. Trabajó en la Universidad de Uppsala, Observatorio de Estocolmo y en la Universidad de Lund. Hizo extensos trabajos sobre modelos estadísticos de las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Charlier — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Anna Charlier (1871–1949), Verlobte von Nils Strindberg Carl Charlier (1862–1934), schwedischer Astronom Gustave Charlier (1885–1959), belgischer Romanist und Literaturwissenschaftler Jean Michel Charlier… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charlier (lunar crater) — Coordinates 36°36′N 131°30′W / 36.6°N 131.5°W …   Wikipedia

  • Charlier — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Charlier peut désigner : Patronymes Carl Charlier (1862 1934), astronome suédois. Guillaume Charlier (1854 1925), sculpteur belge. Henri Charlier… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charlier polynomials — In mathematics, Charlier polynomials (also called Poisson–Charlier polynomials) are a family of orthogonal polynomials introduced by Carl Charlier. They are given in terms of the generalized hypergeometric function by where L are Laguerre… …   Wikipedia

  • Carl Wilhelm Ludwig Martin Ebell — (* 20. April 1871 in Neuruppin; † 28. November 1944) war ein deutscher Astronom. Leben Ebell war Assistent am meteorologischen Institut in Berlin von 1895 bis 1896. Anschließend war er an der Sternwarte in Strassburg von 1897 bis 1901 tätig.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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