Chirk


Chirk

Coordinates: 52°55′49″N 3°03′01″W / 52.93026°N 3.05025°W / 52.93026; -3.05025

Chirk
Welsh: Y Waun
Chirk is located in Wrexham
Chirk

 Chirk shown within Wrexham
OS grid reference SJ295375
Principal area Wrexham
Ceremonial county Wrexham
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WREXHAM
Postcode district LL14
Dialling code 01691
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Clwyd South
Welsh Assembly Clwyd South
List of places: UK • Wales • Wrexham

Chirk (Welsh: Y Waun) is a small town and local government community, the lowest tier of local government, part of Wrexham County Borough in Wales. It has a population of over 4,000.

It is situated between Wrexham and Oswestry and has been part of the County Borough since local government reorganisation in 1996. The border with the English county of Shropshire is immediately south of the town, on the other side of the River Dee.

The town is served by Chirk railway station.

Contents

History and heritage

Chirk Aqueduct – a watercolour by John Sell Cotman, c. 1804

Chirk Castle, a National Trust property, is a medieval castle. Two families are associated with the town and its castle, the Trevor family of Brynkinallt and the Myddletons.

Attractions in the town apart from Chirk Castle include a section of Offa's Dyke and the Chirk Aqueduct on the Llangollen Canal, built in 1801 by Thomas Telford. The Glyn Valley Tramway operated from here.

The Parish Church of St Mary's is a Grade I listed building. The current church building was begun during the 11th Century by the Normans, although it is believed that an older llan, dedicated to St Tysilio, had existed on the site. Indeed, the current church was known by the dedication of St Tysilio until the late 15th or early 16th century, after which it was re-dedicated to St Mary. Today, the church is a member of the Open Church Network and participates in the Sacred Space Project.

Chirk was formerly a coal mining community with coal being worked since the 17th century. The largest of these collieries were Black Park (one of the oldest in the north of Wales) and Brynkinallt (Welsh: Bryncunallt). After the closure of these mines, an open-cast coal mine opened in the late 1980s. This coal mine has now also closed.

Chirk was a coaching stop on the old Mail coach route along the A5 from London to Holyhead.

The Chester to Ruabon railway had been extended south to Shrewsbury by 1848 with stations at Llangollen Road (at Whitehurst) and Chirk. South of the town a railway viaduct was constructed by Henry Robertson to take the line over the Ceiriog Valley.

The Llangollen branch of the Shropshire Union Canal runs through Chirk. The canal crosses the Ceiriog Valley (from England into Wales) along Thomas Telford's aqueduct. Telford's aqueduct runs alongside the Robertson' viaduct before the canal enters the Chirk Tunnel.

Modern day

Looking towards Chirk over the Aqueduct and Viaduct
St Mary's Parish Church

The Ceiriog Memorial Institute, in the Ceiriog valley, just west of Chirk, is home to a collection of Welsh cultural memorabilia and was founded in the early 1900s to support the Welsh language, culture and heritage for future generations.

The town's industries are the manufacture of wood-based panels at Kronospan and chocolate manufacture at Cadbury.

Sport

Chirk is home to Chirk AAA F.C., a football team founded in 1876.

Notable people

See Category:People from Chirk

See also

References

  • G. G. Lerry, "Collieries of Denbighshire", 1968

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chirk — Chirk, v. t. To cheer; to enliven; as, to chirk one up. [Colloq. New Eng. ] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chirk — Chirk, a. [From {Chirk}, v. i.] Lively; cheerful; in good spirits. [Colloq. New Eng.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chirk|y — «CHUR kee», adjective, chirk|i|er chirk|i|est. U.S. Informal. lively; cheerful: »The score…is as chirky as a summer band concert (New Yorker) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chirk — Chirk, v. i. [Cf. {Chirp}, also {Creak}.] 1. To shriek; to gnash; to utter harsh or shrill cries. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] All full of chirkyng was that sorry place. Cheucer. [1913 Webster] 2. To chirp like a bird. [Obs.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chirk — (spr. Tscherk), Dorf in der Grafschaft Denbigh (englisches Fürstenthum Wales), am Ellesmerekanal, der hier in einer 50 Fuß hohen steinernen Leitung über Thal u. Fluß Leiriog geführt wird; 1600 Ew. In der Nähe Steinkohlenminen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chirk — (spr. tschörk), Marktflecken in Denbighshire (Wales), am Ceiring, dessen Tal hier vom Ellesmere Kanal und einem Eisenbahnviadukt überschritten wird, mit Papierfabrikation und (1901) 4499 Einw. In der Nähe Brynkinalt, ein moderner gotischer Bau,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • chirk — [chʉrk] vt., vi. [ME chirken, to twitter, var. of charken < OE cearcian, to creak, gnash] Informal to cheer ( up) …   English World dictionary

  • chirk up — verb To become more cheerful, perk up. She was terrified but in control. n. How, on the trip around the country my parents took the year after my birth, their mood sank so low that even my brother sensed it. Chirk up, guys, he said. Chirk up.… …   Wiktionary

  • Chirk — Original name in latin Chirk Name in other language Chirk, Y Waun State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 52.93586 latitude 3.05738 altitude 107 Population 3926 Date 2011 03 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • chirk — transitive verb Etymology: Middle English charken, chirken to creak, chirp, from Old English cearcian to creak; akin to Old English cracian to crack Date: 1843 cheer < play with her and chirk her up a little Harriet B. Stowe > …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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