Leka, Crown Prince of Albania


Leka, Crown Prince of Albania
Leka, Crown Prince of Albania
Pretender
Born 5 April 1939 (1939-04-05) (age 72)
Tirana, Albanian Kingdom
Regnal name claimed King Leka I
Title(s) Crown Prince of Albania
Throne(s) claimed Albanian Kingdom
Pretend from 9 April 1961 - present
Monarchy abolished 1939
Last monarch Zog I
Connection with Son
Royal House House of Zogu
Father Ahmet Zogu
Mother Géraldine Apponyi de Nagyappony
Spouse Susan Cullen-Ward
Children Prince Leka
Albanian Royal Family
Coat of arms of the Albanian Kingdom (1928–1939).svg
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Leka, Crown Prince of Albania (Leka I Zogu) (born 5 April 1939, the Royal Palace, Tirana), is the only son of King Zog of Albania and his queen, Géraldine Apponyi de Nagyappony. He was called Crown Prince Skander at birth. Leka is pretender to the Albanian throne and is referred to as King Leka I by Albanian monarchists and some members of the media.[1]

Contents

Family and early life

King Zog of Albania was forced into exile only two days after the birth of Crown Prince Leka due to the Italian invasion of Albania. Shortly after, he was replaced on the throne of Albania by Victor Emmanuel III of Italy — an action the King of Italy would later plead personal forgiveness for. Count Ciano, the Italian Foreign Minister, arrived in the immediate aftermath of the invasion. On searching the Palace in Tirana he found the 'labour room' in the Queen's suite; seeing a pile of linen on the floor, stained by the afterbirth, he kicked it across the room. "The cub has escaped!" he said.[2]

Crown Prince Leka began life in exile in various countries. After travelling across Europe, the Royal Family settled in England, first at the Ritz Hotel in London, then moving for a very short period in 1941 to Sunninghill near Ascot in Berkshire, and then in 1941 to Parmoor House, Parmoor, near Frieth.

After the war Zog, Geraldine and Leka moved temporarily to Egypt, where they lived at the behest of King Farouk I.

Through his mother, Leka has some attested distant mediaeval roots in Albania, whereas his father's much closer Albanian ancestry cannot be historically attested, except by oral history as far as the Middle Ages. The Zogu family were one of the main Principalities that fought beside the Albanian hero Skanderbeg against the invading Turks, and Mamica Kastriot (Skanderbeg's sister), reputedly married into the Toptani family, which King Zog's mother came from.

Leka was educated at Parmoor House, and then at English schools in Egypt and at Aiglon College, Villars-sur-Ollon, Switzerland. Fluent in many languages he also studied economics at the Sorbonne and passed out of the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, England. Following this he was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the British Army.[3] He had since made his money with successful business deals in commodities.

Leka became heir apparent of the abolished throne on 5 April 1957. At the death of King Zog in 1961, Leka was proclaimed King of the Albanians by a convened Albanian National Assembly-in-Exile, in a function room at the Hotel Bristol, Paris.[4] He also holds the position of Sovereign Grand Master of the Order of Skanderbeg, the Order of Fidelity and the Order of Bravery.[3]

In 1975, Leka married Australian citizen and former teacher Susan Cullen-Ward in Biarritz. They were married in a civil ceremony in the Hôtel de Ville, Biarritz. The wedding reception, at a five-star Toledo Roadhouse, was attended by members of other exiled royal families, loyal Albanians and friends, who toasted "Long live the King".[1]

The couple returned to Madrid, where they were befriended by King Juan Carlos and continued to enjoy the attentions of Albanians while awaiting what they knew must be the fall of Communism. But when it was discovered that Leka not only retained some Thai bodyguards, but had what was described as an arms cache in their home, the Spanish government asked him to leave. That Leka had some reason for his fears was proved when his plane arrived at Gabon for refueling, to find it was being surrounded by local troops, who were said to have been hired to capture him by the Albanian government. He saw them off by appearing at the plane's door with a bazooka in his hand. The couple went on to Rhodesia but, after Robert Mugabe took power, they settled in a large compound near Johannesburg where they were given diplomatic status by the South African government.

Leka spent many years exiled in Bryanston, South Africa, where his son, Prince Leka Anwar Zog Reza Baudouin Msiziwe, was born. He currently resides in Tirana, Albania, where his wife, Susan, died on 17 July 2004.

Return to Albania

In 1993 he entered Albania for the first time (since being exiled aged a few days old in 1939), doing so under a passport issued by his own Royal Court-in-exile. In this passport, which the Albanian government had refused to recognise previously, Leka listed his profession as "King".[5] Leka was greeted by a crowd of approximately 500 supporters on his arrival at the airport. He stated at this time that he would renounce this passport and accept the status of a normal citizen if a referendum on the monarchy failed[citation needed].

During the 1997 rebellion in Albania, Leka returned again, this time being greeted by 2,000 supporters.[6] A referendum was held in Albania concerning a monarchical restoration. After a recount it was announced that the restoration was rejected by approximately two-thirds of those voting.[7] The King questioned the independence of the election. Police intervened, gunfire broke out, one person was killed, and Leka fled.

When asked if he intended to leave Albania he replied: "Why? It is my country." After leaving Albania of his own accord he was tried and sentenced to three years imprisonment for sedition, in absentia; this conviction was pardoned in March 2002, when 72 members of Parliament asked the royal family to return.[1][8]

Leka is backed by the Legality Party, which formed a coalition with other parties in Albania. Leka, however, does not vote, stating that

I am above all political parties, even my own.[9]

Leka was head of the Movement for National Development [10] however, in February 2006, he announced he would be withdrawing from political and public life.

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Xhelal Pasha Zogolli
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Xhemal Pasha Zogu, Governor of Mati
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Ruhijé Halltuni
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. King Zog I of Albania
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Salah Bey Toptani
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Sadijé Toptani
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Leka, Crown Prince of Albania
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Count Lajos Apponyi of Nagy-Appony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Count Gyula Apponyi of Nagy-Appony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Countess Marguerite of Scherr-Thoß
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Countess Géraldine Margit Apponyi of Nagy-Appony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. John Henry Stewart
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Gladys Virginia Stewart
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Mary Virginia Ramsay Harding
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

See also

References

External links

Leka, Crown Prince of Albania
House of Zogu
Born: 5 April 1939
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
King Zog
— TITULAR —
King of the Albanians
9 April 1961 – present
Reason for succession failure:
Monarchy abolished in 1946
Incumbent
Heir:
Prince Leka

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