- East of England
infobox England region | name = East of England| short_name = Eastern
status = Region
density = 282/km² (2001)
euro= East of England
population = 5,388,140 (2001)
gdp= 16,086 (2002)
assembly = East of England
development_agency = EEDA
election = not directly elected
url = http://www.eera.gov.uk
The East of England is one of the nine official
regions of England. It was created in 1994 and was adopted for statistics from 1999. It includes the ceremonial counties of Essex, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Norfolkand Suffolk.
Its population as of the 2001 census was 5,388,140. The area is mostly low-lying, and the highest place is an unnamed point near the hill of
Ivinghoe Beacon, Buckinghamshirein the South East region, reaching 249 m (817 ft). Peterborough, Lutonand Southend-on-Seaare the region's most populous urban areas. The southern part of the region lies in the London commuter belt.
Before the creation of the East of England region there had been a smaller standard statistical region of
East Angliawhich did not include Essex, Hertfordshireor Bedfordshire. They had previously been included in the South East region. The East of England civil defence region shared the boundaries of the current region.
In common usage the easterly parts of this area, have long been and, continue to be known as
East Anglia. The areas closer to London are more commonly called part of the South East with Hertfordshire and Essex included in the " Home Counties".
The official region consists of the following subdivisions:
East of England Regional Assemblyexists to co-ordinate the work of the local councils in the area and provides other functions; it is not an elected body. It is based in Flemptonon the A1101 north-west of Bury St Edmunds.
The former electricity company for the area,
Eastern Electricity, has the area's distribution now looked after by (French) EDF Energy.
Watfordarea is home to Camelot Group(owners of the National Lottery), British Waterways, the UK headquarters of international firms Total Oiland Skanskaconstruction, retailers TK Maxx, Majestic Wine, Mothercare, and Costco, Leavesden Film Studios, Sanyo UK, Olympus UK Kenwoodand Bekoelectronic goods manufacturers, Wetherspoonspub chains, the European HQ of the Hiltonhotel group and NestléWaters. Comet Group plcis in Rickmansworth. Renault UK is in Maple Cross. In Elstreeand Borehamwood(close to the A1 motorway) are the Elstree Studios, where the "" films were made and more recently "Big Brother", and Hasselblad UK is based in Elstree. Borehamwood is also home to BBC Elstree and Pizza Hut UK. The Boy's Brigade, DSG International (owners of Currysand PC World), while 3Com, Epson UK, Steria(formerly Bull and Honeywell), and Kodakhave their UK bases in Hemel Hempstead. In Welwyn Garden Cityare the headquarters of the Thresher Groupand the UK headquarters of Xeroxand Hoffmann–La Roche. " Shredded Wheat" and " Shreddies" are manufactured in the town by Nestlé, at least until 2008. Tescois based in Cheshuntand Computacenterin Hatfield. Polaroid UK, Premier Foodsand Viglenare in St Albans.
Moto Hospitalityhave their headquarters at Toddington in Bedfordshire (at the service station). Luton is home to easyJet, InBev, Vauxhall, the Bay Restaurant Group(owner of Slug and Lettuce), and the UK headquarters of Electrolux(owner of AEGand Zanussi), Chevrolet UK, and Saab Great Britain. Its neighbour in Dunstable is home to Whitbread. Bedford is home to Fujifilm UK. Autoglassis in nearby Cardington. Kier Groupis in Sandy.
The economy in Norfolk, Cambridgeshire and Suffolk is traditionally mostly agricultural. Nationally known companies include
Bernard Matthewsand Norwich Unionin Norwich, Greene Kingand Branston Pickle in Bury St Edmunds, and Campbell Soup in Kings Lynn. Lotus Carsare at Hethel. In Newmarket is the base of the UK horse racingindustry. The main water company for the area, AWG plcis based in Huntingdon. Around Cambridge on numerous science parks, are high technology companies which form the so-called Silicon Fen. Cambridgeshire has a few RAF bases. The USAF still have bases in Suffolk. Subway UK (restaurants) is in Great Shelford. British Sugar is based in Peterborough, as is Perkins Engines. News Internationalhave a main office and Indesit(owner of Hotpoint) have their UK headquarters there. The Scout Associationis headquartered in Gilwell Parkin south Essexand Konica Minolta Business Solutions (UK) are in Basildon. Clinton Cardsis in Loughton.
Essex and Southend-on-Sea LEAs have selective schools. The others do not. Nine out of the top ten schools in the region (by A level results) are either in Essex or Southend-on-Sea. However, at
GCSE, the best performing LEA is Hertfordshire, followed by Cambridgeshire and Southend-on-Sea. Suffolk also performs better than the England average of 45.8% attaining 5 grades A-C including Maths and English. In general, the region performs well at GCSE, with only Luton being low performing. Thurrock and Peterborough are next lowest, but are not underperforming areas. At A level, the best performing area is Southend-on-Sea, followed by Cambridgeshire and Essex. No other areas are above the England average. Thurrock is the least performing area, followed closely by Luton. At A level, Norfolk does not perform well for a rural county.
Cambridge has an eponymous very well known university as well as a second, much less well-known one. There are also other towns and cities in the region which have universities including Norwich (
University of East Anglia) and Hatfield ( University of Hertfordshire).
Top twenty state schools in the East of England (2007 A level results)
Colchester Royal Grammar School(1323)
King Edward VI Grammar School (Chelmsford)
Chelmsford County High School
Colchester County High School
Southend High School for Boys
Southend High School for Girls
Hockerill Anglo-European College, Bishop's Stortford
Hills Road Sixth Form College, Cambridge
Westcliff High School for Boys, Westcliff-on-Sea
Westcliff High School for Girls, Westcliff-on-Sea
Wymondham High School
The Broxbourne School
St Alban's Catholic High School, Ipswich
Farlingaye High School, Woodbridge, Suffolk
St Martin's School, Brentwood
St Benedict's Roman Catholic Upper School, Bury St Edmunds
The King's School, Peterborough
* 18. The Boswells School, Chelmsford
Loreto College, St Albans
Roundwood Park School, Harpenden(931)
BBC Eastregion is based in Norwich, where the " Look East" regional programme is based. The BBC East region also includes Buckinghamshire, Milton Keynesand Northamptonshire. Anglia Televisionis also based in Norwich, which has the " Anglia Tonight" regional programme.
* BBC radios Norfolk, Suffolk, Three Counties, Cambridgeshire and Essex.
* Commercial radio stations include
Kiss 105-108, Q103 Cambridge, The Beach ( Lowestoft), SGR-FM(Ipswich), 96.9 Chiltern FM( Bedford), 97.6 Chiltern FM(Dunstable), Mercury 96.6( St Albans), Radio Broadland, 99.9 Radio Norwich, North Norfolk Radio, KL.FM 96.7( Kings Lynn), Hereward FM(Peterborough), Lite FM 106.8(Peterborough), SGR Colchester, Ten 17( Harlow), and Essex FM(Chelmsford).
* Local newspapers include the "
Bedfordshire on Sunday", " Cambridge Evening News", " East Anglian Daily Times", " Eastern Daily Press", " Evening Gazette (Essex)", " Evening Star (Ipswich)", " Norwich Evening News" and the " Times & Citizen (Bedford)".
East of England (European Parliament constituency)
East of England Regional Assembly
List of schools in the East of England
* [http://www.direct.gov.uk/Dl1/Directories/LocalCouncils/LocalGovernmentByRegion/fs/en?CONTENT_ID=4003594&chk=sZ9xcb Government's list of councils in the East of England]
* [http://www.statistics.gov.uk/popest_mid00.asp Office for National Statistics]
* [http://www.go-east.gov.uk Government Office for the East of England]
* [http://www.eeda.org.uk East of England Development Agency]
* [http://www.visiteastofengland.com Official Visitor site for the East of England]
* [http://www.eera.gov.uk East of England Regional Assembly]
* [http://www.eeia.com East of England International]
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