- Lake Kariba
lake_name = Lake Kariba
image_lake = Lake Kariba.jpg
coords = coord|17|S|28|E|region:ZM_type:waterbody_scale:1000000|display=inline,title
type = Hydroelectric
catchment = 663,000 km²
length = 220 km
width = 40 km
area = 5,400 km²
depth = 31 m
max-depth = 78 m
volume = 160 km³
elevation = 485 m
Chete Island Sekula Chikanka.
cities = Lake Kariba is a large, man-made
lakeand reservoir located on the Zambeziriver, about halfway between the river's source and mouth, about 1300 kilometers upstream from the Indian Ocean. The lake lies along the border between Zambiaand Zimbabwe. Lake Kariba was filled between 1958 and 1963 following the completion of the Kariba Damat its northeastern end, flooding the Kariba Gorgeon the Zambezi Riverand displacing large numbers of the local Tonga people.
The Zimbabwean town of
Karibawas built for construction workers on the lake's dam, while some other settlements such as Milbibeziin Zimbabwe and Siavongaand Sinazongwein Zambia have grown up to house people displaced by the rising waters.
Lake Kariba is over 220 kilometers (140 mi) long and up to 40 kilometers (20 mi) in width. It covers an area of 5,580 square kilometers (2,150 sq mi) and its storage capacity is an immense 185 cubic kilometers (44.4 cu mi). The mean depth of the lake is 29 meters (95 ft); the maximum depth is 97 meters (320 ft). It is one of the world's largest man-made reservoirs. [cite web
accessdate=2007-07-31] The enormous mass of water (approximately 180,000,000,000,000 kilograms, or 180 petagrams [200 billion tons] ) is believed to have caused
induced seismicityin the seismically active region, including over 20 earthquakes of greater than 5 magnitude on the Richter scale. [cite web
title=Evidence for Incipient Rifting in Southern Africa
publisher=Geophysical Journal International
The lake is home to several
islands, including Chete Island, Sekulaand Chikanka.
Before Lake Kariba was filled, the existing vegetation was burned, creating a thick layer of fertile soil on land that would become the lake bed. As a result the
ecologyof Lake Kariba is vibrant. A number of fishspecies have been introduced to the lake, notably the sardine-like kapenta(transported from Lake Tanganyika), which now supports a thriving commercial fishery. Other inhabitants of Lake Kariba include Nile crocodiles and hippopotamuses.
Tigerfish, which was among the indigenous species of the Zambezi river system, now thrive on the kapenta, which in turn encourage tourism. Both Zambia and Zimbabwe are now attempting to develop the tourism industry along their respective coasts of Lake Kariba.
cormorants and other water birds patrol the shorelines, as do occasional herds of elephants.
The portion of Lake Kariba which falls within Zimbabwe has been designated a Recreational Park within the
Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Estate.
In popular culture
Lake Kariba and the Kariba Dam provide the setting for roughly 300 pages of the
L. Ron Hubbard science fictionnovel "Battlefield Earth", which in 2000 was adapted into a film of the same name. The novel itself was a bestseller, however the film adaptation was very poorly received.
* [http://www.zambiatourism.com/travel/places/kariba.htm "Lake Kariba"] . Zambiatourism.com. Retrieved August 11, 2005.
* [http://www.dams.org/kbase/consultations/afrme/dam_stats_eng.htm "Dam Statistics: Africa and the Middle East Regions"] . World Commission on Dams. Retrieved August 11, 2005.
* [http://www.worldlakes.org/lakedetails.asp?lakeid=8360 "Lake Profile: Kariba"] . LakeNet. Retrieved August 11, 2005.
* [http://www.ilec.or.jp/database/afr/dafr04.html World Lakes Database entry for Lake Kariba]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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