Parti rouge


Parti rouge

The Parti rouge (alternatively known as the "parti démocratique") was formed in the Province of Canada (now Quebec, Canada) around 1848 by radical French-Canadians inspired by the ideas of Louis-Joseph Papineau, the "Institut canadien de Montréal", and the reformist movement lead by the Parti patriote of the 1830s.

The party was a successor to the "Parti patriote". The reformist "rouges" did not believe that the 1840 Act of Union had truly granted a responsible government to former Upper and Lower Canada. They advocated important democratic reforms, republicanism, separation of the state and the church. They were perceived as anti-clerical and radical by their political adversaries. Some of its members desired the abolition of the semi-feudal seigneurial system of land ownership, although Papineau was himself a seigneur and a vocal defender of the traditional system.

They opposed the union of Upper Canada and Lower Canada into the United Province of Canada, and demanded its termination. When talks for Canadian confederation began, its members either opposed the idea, or suggested a decentralized confederation. They were opposed to the ultramontane politics of the Catholic clergy of Quebec and the Parti bleu.

In 1858, the elected "rouges" allied with the Clear Grits in the legislature of the united province of Canada. This resulted in the shortest-lived government in Canadian history, falling in less than a day. Not long after, the failure of most of the party's political actions caused its downfall and its more moderate members (notably including Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Canada's first francophone Prime Minister) formed what became the Liberal Party of Canada in conjunction with their Upper Canadian Clear-Grit allies.

Newspapers

* "L'Avenir" (1847-1857)
* "Le Pays" (1852-1871)

Manifestoes

* "Manifeste du Comité constitutionnel de la réforme et du progrès", 1847
* "Manifeste du Club national démocratique", 1849

References

* " [http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0006124 Parti rouge] ", in "The Canadian Encyclopedia". Historica Foundation, 2008
* " [http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-2991-f.html The "parti rouge"] ", in "Canadian Confederation", Library and Archives Canada, December 14, 2001, updated May 2, 2005

Additional French language information sources

* Lamonde, Yvan (2000). " _fr. Histoire sociale des idées au Québec, 1760-1896", Montréal: Éditions Fides, 576 p. ISBN 2-7621-2104-3 ( [http://www.archive.org/details/histoiresocialed01lamouoft online] )
* Lamonde, Yvan (1994). " _fr. Louis-Antoine Dessaulles, 1818-1895 : un seigneur libéral et anticlérical", Saint-Laurent: Fides, 369 p. ISBN 2-7621-1736-4
* Lamonde, Yvan (1990). " _fr. Gens de parole : conférences publiques, essais et débats à l'Institut canadien de Montréal, 1845-1871", Montréal: Boréal, 176 p. ISBN 2890523691
* de Lagrave, Jean-Paul (1976). " _fr. Le combat des idées au Québec-Uni, 1840-1867", Montréal: Editions de Lagrave, 150 p.
* Bernard, Jean-Paul (1971). " _fr. Les Rouges ; libéralisme, nationalisme et anticléricalisme au milieu du XIXe siècle", Montréal: Presses de l'Université du Québec, 394 p. ISBN 0777000288
* Dumont, Fernand, Montminy, Jean-Paul, and Hamelin, Jean ed. (1971). " _fr. Idéologies au Canada français, 1850-1900", Québec: Presses de l'Université Laval, 327 p.

ee also

*Liberalism
*Contributions to liberal theory
*Liberalism worldwide
*List of liberal parties
*Liberal democracy
*Liberalism in Canada
*Politics of Quebec
*Parti canadien - early political party with members whom later joined the Parti rouge
*Institut canadien de Montréal


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Parti rouge — Le Parti rouge (aussi appelé le « parti démocratique ») fut formé au Bas Canada, aujourd hui le Québec, autour de 1848, par des radicaux inspirés par les idées de Louis Joseph Papineau, de l Institut canadien de Montréal et du mouvement …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Parti Rouge — ▪ political party, Canada English  Red Party        radical party formed in Canada East (now Quebec) about 1849 and inspired primarily by the French Canadian patriot Louis Joseph Papineau (Papineau, Louis Joseph). In general the Parti Rouge… …   Universalium

  • Parti Rouge —    B Origin of, 78 79; alliance with, of George Brown and Upper Canadian Reformers, 78, 80; led by A. A. Dorion, 80; significance of movement, 235. E Its history and members, 108; help to defeat Hincks Morin government, 127; Papineau becomes… …   The makers of Canada

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  • Parti Libéral du Québec — Parti libéral du Québec …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Parti conservateur du Quebec — Parti conservateur du Québec Le Parti conservateur du Québec était un parti politique au Québec, Canada. Ce parti existe d abord sous le nom de parti bleu, formé en 1850 par les supporters de Louis Hippolyte Lafontaine. Le parti bleu s oppose aux …   Wikipédia en Français


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