Francis Darwin


Francis Darwin

Infobox Scientist
name = Francis Darwin
box_width =139px


image_size = 139px
caption = Francis Darwin
birth_date = August 16 1848
birth_place = Down House, Downe, Kent
death_date = 19 September 1925
death_place =
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = British
ethnicity =
field = botany
work_institutions =
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = phototropism
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences = Charles Darwin
influenced =
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =

Sir Francis "Frank" Darwin, FRS (August 16 1848 - 19 September 1925), a son of the British naturalist Charles Darwin, followed his father into botany.

Biography

Francis Darwin was born in Down House, Downe, Kent in 1848. He was the third son and seventh child of Charles Darwin and his wife Emma.

Darwin went to Trinity College, Cambridge, first studying mathematics, then changing to natural sciences, graduating in 1870. He then went to study medicine at St George's Medical School, London, earning an MB in 1875, but did not practice medicine.

Darwin was married three times and widowed twice. First he married Amy Ruck in 1874, but she died in 1876 four days after the birth of their son Bernard Darwin, who was later to become a golf writer. He remarried Ellen Crofts and they had a daughter Frances Crofts Darwin (1886-1960), a poet who married the poet Francis Cornford and became known under her married name. Ellen died in 1903. His third wife was Florence Henrietta Fisher, daughter of Herbert William Fisher and widow of Frederic William Maitland, whom he married in 1913, the year in which he was knighted. Her sister Adeline Fisher was the first wife of Darwin's second cousin once removed Ralph Vaughan Williams.

Francis Darwin worked with his father on experiments dealing with plant movement, specifically phototropism and they co-authored "The Power of Movement in Plants" (1880). Their experiments showed that the coleoptile of a young grass seedling directs its growth toward the light by comparing the responses of seedlings with covered and uncovered coleoptiles. These observations would later lead to the discovery of auxin.

Darwin was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society on June 8 1882, the same year in which his father died. Darwin edited "The Autobiography of Charles Darwin" (1887), and produced some books of letters from the correspondence of Charles Darwin; "The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin" (1887) and "More Letters of Charles Darwin" (1905). He also edited Thomas Huxley's "On the Reception of the Origin of Species" (1887).

External links

*


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Francis Darwin — Francis Darwin. Sir Francis Darwin, auch Frank Darwin (* 16. August 1848 in Down, Kent; † 19. September 1925 in Cambridge) war ein britischer Botaniker. Er war das siebte Kind (dritter Sohn) von Charles Darwin. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francis Darwin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Darwin (homonymie). Francis Darwin Sir Francis “Frank” Darwin est un botaniste britannique, né le 16 août 1848 à Down House, Downe da …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Darwin Joston — Born Francis Darwin Solomon December 9, 1937(1937 12 09) Winston Salem, North Carolina, U.S. Died June 1, 1998(1998 06 01) (aged 60) Winston Salem, North Carolina, U.S …   Wikipedia

  • Darwin — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Charles Darwin (1809–1882), Begründer der modernen Evolutionstheorie Bernard Darwin (1876–1961), Enkel von Charles Darwin; britischer Jurist, Sportjournalist und Schriftsteller Charles Galton Darwin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Darwin — may refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Places 2.1 In Africa 2.2 …   Wikipedia

  • Darwin (Familienname) — Darwin ist ein Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger Bernard Darwin (1876–1961), Enkel von Charles Darwin; britischer Jurist, Sportjournalist und Schriftsteller Charles Darwin (1809–1882), Begründer der modernen Evolutionstheorie Charles Galton… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francis Macdonald Cornford — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Francis Macdonald Cornford (27 de febrero de 1874 3 de enero de 1943) fue un filólogo clásico y poeta inglés. Fue miembro del Trinity College desde 1899, donde ocupó una cátedra desde 1902. En 1931 se le nombró… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Darwin Joston — Données clés Nom de naissance Francis Darwin Solomon Naissance 9 décembre 1937 Winston Salem (États Unis) Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Darwin–Wedgwood family — The Darwin–Wedgwood family is actually two interrelated English families, descended from the prominent 18th century doctor, Erasmus Darwin, and Josiah Wedgwood, founder of the pottery firm, Josiah Wedgwood and Sons, the most notable member of… …   Wikipedia

  • Darwin-Wedgwood family — The Darwin mdash; Wedgwood family was a prominent English family, descended from Erasmus Darwin and Josiah Wedgwood, the most notable member of which was Charles Darwin. The family contained at least ten Fellows of the Royal Society and several… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.