- Pall Mall Gazette
The "Pall Mall Gazette" was an evening newspaper founded in
Londonon February 7 1865. It was owned by George Murray Smith; its first editor was Frederick Greenwood. In 1921 "The Globe" merged into the "Pall Mall Gazette", which itself was absorbed into the " Evening Standard" in 1923.
The "Pall Mall Gazette" takes the name of an imaginary newspaper conceived by
William Makepeace Thackeray. Pall Mall is a street in London home to many gentleman's clubs, hence Thackeray's description of his imaginary newspaper in his novel " The History of Pendennis":
We address ourselves to the higher circles ofsociety: we care not to disown it--the Pall Mall Gazette is written bygentlemen for gentlemen; its conductors speak to the classes in whichthey live and were born. The field-preacher has his journal, the radical free-thinker has his journal: why should the Gentlemen of England be unrepresented in the Press?
Under the ownership of George Smith from 1865 to 1880, with Frederick Greenwood as editor, the Pall Mall Gazette was a Conservative newspaper. Greenwood resigned in 1880 when the paper came under new ownership who wished the paper to support Liberal policies.
William Thomas Stead's editorship from 1883 to 1889 saw the paper cover such subjects as child prostitution, their campaign helped get the government to increase the age of consent from 13 to 16 in 1885. Henry Cust, editor from 1892 to 1896, returned the paper to its Conservative beginnings.
A large number of well-known writers contributed to the "Pall Mall Gazette" over the years, for example
George Bernard Shawgot his first journalistic job writing for the paper. Other contributors included Anthony Trollope, Frederick Engels, Oscar Wilde, Robert Louis Stevenson, Sir Spencer Walpole, Arthur Patchett Martin[ [http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A050247b.htm Martin, Arthur Patchett (1851 - 1902) at the Australian Dictionary of Biography] ] and the Jamaican-born popular (but now forgotten) writer E. S. Dallas.
The "Pall Mall Gazette" is referred to several times in Arthur Conan Doyle's classic detective stories about Sherlock Holmes. Doyle was an ardent realist, constantly making references to Victorian popular society; Watson would often enter the home of Sherlock to disturb him reading a copy of the "Pall Mall Gazette".
The "Pall Mall Gazette" is referred to in
HG Wells' The Time Machine. When the Time Traveler returns back to Londonhe sees that day's copy of the Pall Mall Gazette and knows he is back at the original day he departed.
Owners and editors of the "Pall Mall Gazette"
**1880-1883 John Morley
William Thomas Stead
Edward Tyas Cook
William Waldorf Astor
Douglas Straight[ [http://www.probertencyclopaedia.com/cgi-bin/xphrase.pl?keyword=Douglas+Straight Douglas Straight at Probert encyclopaedia] ]
Frederick James Higginbottom
James Louis Garvin
Cyril Arthur Pearson, from 1916 to 1923 [ [http://www.ketupa.net/astors.htm The Astors media dynasty] ]
List of newspapers in the United Kingdom
Eneas Sweetland Dallas
*John Scott (1950), "The Story of the Pall Mall Gazette, of its first editor Frederick Greenwood and of its Founder George Murray Smith"
*Raymond Schultz (1972), "Crusader in Babylon: WT Stead and the Pall Mall Gazette "
* [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Jpall.htm "Pall Mall Gazette"]
* [http://www.attackingthedevil.co.uk/ The W.T. Stead Resource Site]
* [http://www.thepeerage.com/e127.htm William Waldorf Astor entry] in [http://www.thepeerage.com/ thePeerage.com]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pall Mall Gazette — (spr. gäsétt), Titel einer in London erscheinenden Zeitung, die 1865 als liberales Blatt gegründet wurde, seit 1877 aber, vornehmlich unter der Leitung von W. T. Stead, eine radikale Richtung einschlug und sich durch Sensationsartikel bekannt… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Pall Mall Gazette — Die Pall Mall Gazette, gegründet 1865, war eine angesehene Londoner Abendzeitung. Sie verfolgte überwiegend einen konservativen Kurs. Ihr Ende ergab sich 1923 durch Übernahme durch das älteste Londoner Abendblatt, den Evening Standard.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pall Mall Gazette — La Pall Mall Gazette était un journal britannique qui parut de 1865 à 1923. Sommaire 1 Création 2 Période W. T. Stead 3 Histoire postérieure 4 Annexes … Wikipédia en Français
Pall Mall — may refer to:*Pall Mall, London, a famous street in central London *Pall Mall (cigarette), a brand of cigarettes made by R.J. Reynolds Tobacco *Pall mall (game), a ball game played in 16th and 17th centuries *Pall Mall (horse), a thoroughbred… … Wikipedia
Pall Mall — bezeichnet: eine Einkaufsstraße in London, Pall Mall (London) ein Ballspiel, siehe Paille Maille eine Londoner Abendzeitung, vollständig Pall Mall Gazette eine Zigarettenmarke der British American Tobacco, siehe Pall Mall (Zigarettenmarke) eine… … Deutsch Wikipedia
William Thomas Stead — William T. Stead en 1905 Naissance 5 juillet 1849 Embleto … Wikipédia en Français
Harriet Mordaunt — Harriet Sarah, Lady Mordaunt (7 February 1848 9 May 1906), formerly Harriet Moncreiffe, was the Scottish wife of an English baronet and Member of Parliament, Sir Charles Mordaunt. She was the respondent in a sensational divorce case in which… … Wikipedia
Eliza Armstrong case — The Eliza Armstrong case was a major scandal in the United Kingdom involving a child supposedly bought for prostitution for the purpose of exposing the evils of white slavery. While it achieved its purpose of helping to enable the passage of the… … Wikipedia
The Stolen Bacillus and Other Incidents — Infobox Book name = The Stolen Bacillus and Other Incidents title orig = translator = image caption = First British edition cover author = H. G. Wells illustrator = cover artist = country = United Kingdom language = English series = subject =… … Wikipedia
Frederick Greenwood — (April, 1830 December 14, 1909), was an English journalist and man of letters.He was one of three brothers the others being James and Charles who all gained reputation as journalists. Frederick started life in a printing house, but at an early… … Wikipedia