- Herbert H. Lehman
name = Herbert Henry Lehman
United States Senator
November 9, 1949
January 3, 1957
John Foster Dulles
Jacob K. Javits
order2 = 45th
Governor of New York
January 1, 1933
December 3, 1942
M. William Bray(1933-1938) Charles Poletti
Franklin D. Roosevelt
order3 = 46th
Lieutenant Governor of New York
January 1, 1929
December 31, 1932
Franklin D. Roosevelt
M. William Bray
order4 = 1st Director General of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration
term_start4 = 1943
term_end4 = 1946
predecessor4 = "none"
Fiorello H. La Guardia
birth_date = birth date|1878|3|28|mf=y
New York City, New York
death_date = death date and age|1963|12|05|1878|03|28
party = Democratic
Herbert Henry Lehman (March 28, 1878 ndash December 5, 1963) was a Democratic Party politician from the U.S. state of
New York. He served as the Governor of New Yorkfrom 1933 until 1942, and represented New York in the United States Senatefrom 1949 until 1957.
Lehman, born in
New York Cityin 1878, was the son of Ashkenaziimmigrant Mayer Lehman, one of the three founders of the Lehman Brothers investment banking firm. Herbert Lehman attended what is now The Dwight School. A graduate of Williams College(Class of 1899), he became a partner of Lehman Brothers with his brother Arthur and cousin Philip in 1908.cite web |title=Life and Legacy of Herbert H. Lehman |work=Lehman Suite |url=http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/indiv/lehsuite/biography_files/]
Military and family
Lehman married Edith Louise Altschul in 1910. Herbert Lehman became a colonel in the
U.S. Armyduring World War I.
Lehman became active in
politicsin 1920, and became chairman of the finance committee of the Democratic Party in 1928, as a reward for being a strong supporter of Alfred E. Smith. He resigned from Lehman Brothers upon becoming the lieutenant governor of New Yorkin 1929. He then served four terms as the Governor of New Yorkbetween 1933 and 1942. Unlike Smith, Lehman was a supporter of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's " New Deal" policies and implemented a program in the same spirit in New York. He resigned in the final year of his last term and took up posts connected with refugee aid and relief in the United States Department of Stateand later the United Nations, among them as the director general of the UNRRA.
On December 3, 1942, he resigned the governorship when he was appointed Director of Foreign Relief and Rehabilitation Operations for the State Department. He served as Director-General of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration from 1943 to 1946.cite web |author=The
Eleanor RooseveltPapers |title=Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site: Herbert Lehman (1928–1956) |work=Teaching Eleanor Roosevelt |url=http://www.nps.gov/elro/glossary/lehman-herbert.htm |accessdate=2005-11-07]
Herbert Lehman was the Democratic Nominee for the U.S. Senate in 1946 and also ran on the Liberal Party and
American Labor Partytickets, but he was defeated by the Republican candidate Irving Ivesin what was a very good year for GOP candidates. Afterwards, he was a Senator from New York from 1949 to 1957. In a special election, Lehman beat John Foster Dulles, who had been appointed to temporarily fill Robert F. Wagner's Senate seat. In that campaign he ran on the Democratic and Liberal Party lines, with the American Labor Party making no endorsement. Lehman then served most of the remainder of Wagner's term, before winning a full term in the Senate in 1950. (In 1950 he ran on the Democratic and Liberal lines and was opposed by the American Labor Party.)
Lehman was one of two senators who was opposed to nominating
MississippiSenator James O. Eastlandto be Chairman of the Judiciary Committee. (The other was Wayne L. Morse of Oregon.) He was also an early and vocal opponent of Senator Joseph McCarthy(R-Wis.). Lehman was one of the most liberal Senators and not considered part of the Senate "club" of insiders. He retired from the Senate after his full term, and was not a candidate for renomination or reelection in 1956.cite web |title=LEHMAN, Herbert Henry, (1878–1963) |work=Biographical Directory of the United States Congress |url=http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=L000224 |accessdate=2005-11-09]
After his retirement from the Senate, Lehman remained politically active, working with
Eleanor Rooseveltand Thomas K. Finletterin the late 1950s and early 1960s to support the reform Democratic movement in Manhattan that eventually defeated longtime Tammany Hallboss Carmine DeSapio.
Among other activities after his retirement from the Senate, he founded the Lehman Children's Zoo (now the Tisch Zoo) in Central Park, which declared that "No Adult Will Be Admitted unless Accompanied by a Child."
Lehman was the first, and until the 2007 inauguration of
Eliot Spitzer, the only Jewish Governor of New York.cite web |author=Moss, Mitchell |title=The Vanishing Jew |work=Forward |url=http://www.mitchellmoss.com/oped/94-02-04-forward.html |accessdate=2005-11-07|date= 1994-02-04] During much of his Senate career, he was the only Jew in the Senate as well. Unlike most of his Jewish constituents, who came from Eastern Europe, Lehman's family was from Germany.
*Herbert H. Lehman died in 1963 and was interred in the
Kensico Cemeteryin Valhalla, New York.cite web |author=Kensico.org (Kensico Cemetery) |title=Historic & Scenic Tour: Herbert H. Lehman |url=http://www.kensico.org/historic-scenic-tour-21.asp |accessdate=2005-11-07] That year, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedomposthumously.
Lehman Collegeof the City University of New York is named after him; a bust of Lehman, by sculptor John Belardo, was dedicated there in September 2005.cite web |author=Office of Media Relations & Publications of Lehman College |title=Remembering the Legacy of Herbert H. Lehman |work=Lehman E-News |url=http://www.lehman.edu/lehman/enews/2005_09_26/feat_bust.html |accessdate=2005-11-05|date= 2005-09-26] The High School of American Studies at Lehman Collegeis located on the campus. College dormitories are named in his honor at Williams College, the University at Buffalo, and at Binghamton University.
*A ship on the
Staten Island Ferry, "The Governor Herbert H. Lehman", is named for him. She was retired in 2007 after 42 years of service and has been sold for scrap.cite web |author=Gerber, David Paul and Wayne Whitehorne |title=Staten Island Ferry |work=Station Reporter |url=http://www.stationreporter.net/siferry.htm |accessdate=2005-11-07|month=December |year=2004 ]
*There is a Herbert H. Lehman Center for
American Historyat Columbia University. His papers were donated to the Columbia University Libraries and are housed in the social sciences libraryndash which is also named in his honor. Additionally, Columbia has a Herbert Lehman Professorship of government, which is currently held by Mahmood Mamdani. Columbia's sister school, Barnard College, has a building named in Lehman's honor; it houses Barnard's library and some social sciences departments. Williams College, his alma mater, named a dormitory after him in 1928.
* New York City High School located on Westchester Square in Pelham Bay in The Bronx, New York (est. 1974) also named in his honor.
*In 1974, Herbert H. Lehman was inducted into [http://www.amuseum.org/jahf/virtour/page19.html#herbertlehman the Jewish-American Hall of Fame] .
Limanin northern Israel is named after him.
* [http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lehmancenter/ The Herbert H. Lehman Center for American History] at Columbia University, with pictures of Lehman.
* [http://www.columbia.edu/cgi-bin/cul/resolve?lweb0107 Lehman Special Correspondence Files Website] at Columbia University Libraries.
* [http://www.historychannel.com/speeches/archive/speech_178.html Lehman's opening speech] at the 1939
World's Fairin New York City, on The History Channel's Speech Archive
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Herbert H. Lehman — Herbert Henry Lehman (* 28. März 1878 in New York City; † 5. Dezember 1963 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1933 bis 1942 Gouverneur des Bundesstaates New York. Zwischen 1949 und 1957 vertrat er seinen Staat im US Senat … Deutsch Wikipedia
Herbert H. Lehman — Herbert Henry Lehman Senador de los Estados Unidos por Nueva York 3 de enero de 1950 – 3 de enero de 1957 Predecesor … Wikipedia Español
Herbert H. Lehman High School — Infobox Secondary school name = Herbert Lehman High School principal = Dr. Janet Saraceno type = Public secondary grades = 9–12 city = The Bronx, New York state = New York country = USA enrollment = 4240 established = 1970 website =… … Wikipedia
Lehman Brothers — Industry Investment services Fate Chapter 11 bankruptcy Founded 1850, Montgomery, Alabama, US … Wikipedia
LEHMAN, HERBERT HENRY — (1878–1963), U.S. banker, politician, and statesman. Herbert Lehman attended Williams College and on his graduation in 1899 joined his father s firm (see lehman ), of which he became a full partner in 1908. His initiation into public service came … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Lehman — (anglicized; German: Lehmann ) is a common Germanic surname derived from the German word Lehen , meaning fiefdom and Mann , meaning man. People with the surname * Bruce Lehman, American patent lawyer * David Lehman, American poetry editor *… … Wikipedia
Lehman — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Ernest Lehman (1915–2005), US amerikanischer Drehbuchautor Gladys Lehman (1892–1993), US amerikanische Drehbuchautorin Herbert H. Lehman (1878–1963), US amerikanischer Politiker John Lehman (* 1942), US… … Deutsch Wikipedia
LEHMAN — LEHMAN, U.S. family in the 19th–20th century. The brothers HENRY (1821–1855), EMANUEL (1827–1907), and MAYER LEHMAN (1830–1897), the immigrant sons of a Bavarian cattle merchant, formed the Lehman Brothers partnership in Montgomery, Alabama, in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Lehman High School — may refer to:*Lehman Catholic High School mdash; Sidney, Ohio *Lehman High School (Canton, Ohio) *Lehman High School (Texas) mdash; Kyle, Texas *Lake Lehman Jr. Sr. High mdash; part of the Lake Lehman school district in Lehman Township, Luzerne… … Wikipedia
LEHMAN, IRVING — (1876–1945), U.S. jurist. Born in New York City, Lehman qualified as a lawyer in 1898 and worked in private practice in New York City until 1908, when he was elected to the state Supreme Court. He served as Supreme Court justice until 1924, and… … Encyclopedia of Judaism