- Pope Liberius
May 17, 3521
September 24, 366
footnotes=1The "Liberian Catalogue" lists the date of Liberius's consecration as May 22. "
Catholic Encyclopedia" gives May 17, noting that the 22nd was not a Sunday. The date could also be June 21, a Sunday, which differs from May 22 by only one letter in the Roman calendar (XI Kal. Jun/Jul.) infobox popestyles
papal name=Pope Liberius
popefrom May 17, 352to September 24, 366, remains the earliest pope not yet canonized as a saint(however, he is canonized in the Eastern Orthodox ChurchFact|date=June 2008). The successor of Pope Julius I, he was consecrated according to the " Catalogus Liberianus" on May 22. His first recorded act was, after a synod had been held at Rome, to write to Emperor Constantius II, then in quarters at Arles(353-354), asking that a council might be called at Aquileiawith reference to the affairs of Athanasius of Alexandria; but his messenger Vincentius of Capuawas compelled by the emperor at a conciliabulumheld in Arles, to subscribe against his will a condemnation of the orthodox patriarch of Alexandria.
In 355 Liberius was one of the few who, along with
Eusebius of Vercelli, Dionysius of Milan, and Lucifer of Cagliari, refused to sign the condemnation of Athanasius, which had anew been imposed at Milanby imperial command upon all the Western bishops; the consequence was his relegation to Beroea in Thrace; Antipope Felix IIbeing consecrated his successor by three "catascopi haud episcopi" (spies, in no way [are they] bishops), as Athanasius called them.
At the end of an exile of more than two years, the emperor recalled him; but, as the Roman See was officially occupied by Antipope Felix, a year passed before Liberius was sent to Rome. It was the emperor's intention that Liberius should govern the Church jointly with Felix, but on the arrival of Liberius, Felix was expelled by the Roman people. Neither Liberius nor Felix took part in the
Council of Rimini(359).
After the death of the emperor Constantius in 361, Liberius annulled the decrees of that assembly, but, with the concurrence of bishops Athanasius and Hilarius, retained the bishops who had signed and then withdrew their adherence. In 366 Liberius gave a favourable reception to a deputation of the Eastern episcopate, and admitted into his communion the more moderate of the old Arian party. He died on
September 24, 366.
* [http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/01_01_0352-0366-_Liberius,_Sanctus.html Opera Omnia by Migne]
* [http://www.fourthcentury.com/index.php/liberius-regesta Translation of Jaffe-Kaltenbrunner's Register of the Roman Pontiff.]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pope Liberius — Pope Liberius † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Liberius (Reigned 352 66) Pope Julius died on 12 April, according to the Liberian Catalogue , and Liberius was consecrated on 22 May. As this was not a Sunday, 17 May was probably the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Liberius — Pope Liberius † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Liberius (Reigned 352 66) Pope Julius died on 12 April, according to the Liberian Catalogue , and Liberius was consecrated on 22 May. As this was not a Sunday, 17 May was probably the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope St. Cletus — Pope St. Cletus † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Cletus This name is only another form for Anacletus, the second successor of St. Peter. It is true that the Liberian Catalogue, a fourth century list of popes, so called because it… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Damasus I — Damasus I Papacy began 366 Papacy ended 384 Predecessor Liberius … Wikipedia
Liberius — The name Liberius may refer to three persons:* Pope Liberius (352 366) * Liberius (praetorian prefect), a high ranking 6th century Roman official * Oliver of Ancona, a Christian saint who died ca. 1050 … Wikipedia
Pope St. Siricius — Pope St. Siricius † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Siricius (384 99). Born about 334; died 26 November, 399, Siricius was a native of Rome; his father s name was Tiburtius. Siricius entered the service of the Church at an early… … Catholic encyclopedia
pope — The Pope † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Pope (Ecclesiastical Latin papa from Greek papas, a variant of pappas father, in classical Latin pappas Juvenal, Satires 6:633). The title pope, once used with far greater latitude (see below … Catholic encyclopedia
Liberius, Pope — • Reigned 352 366 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope St. Damasus I — Pope St. Damasus I † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Damasus I Born about 304; died 11 December, 384. His father, Antonius, was probably a Spaniard; the name of his mother, Laurentia, was not known until quite recently. Damasus seems … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope St. Sixtus III — Pope St. Sixtus III † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Sixtus III (XYSTUS). Consecrated 31 July, 432; d. 440. Previous to his accession he was prominent among the Roman clergy and in correspondence with St. Augustine. He reigned… … Catholic encyclopedia