Galich, Russia


Galich, Russia

Galich ( _ru. Га́лич) is a town in Kostroma Oblast, Russia, situated on the southern bank of Lake Galichskoye. It is also a minor railroad node of the Trans-Siberian railway. Population: ru-census|p02=19151|p89=21652

History

The town was first chronicled in 1234 as "Grad Mersky" (i.e., the Town of the Merya). It gradually developed into one of the greatest salt-mining centres of Eastern Europe, eclipsing the Southern town of Halych, from which it takes its name. In the 13th century, the town was ruled by a younger brother of Alexander Nevsky and remained in his line until 1363, when the Muscovites seized the principality and ousted the ruling family to Novgorod.

The 15th and 16th centuries are justly considered the golden age of Galich. At that time the town controlled most of the Russian trade in salt and furs. Dmitry Shemyaka and other local princes pressed their claims to the Muscovite crown, and three of them actually took possession of the Kremlin in the course of the Great Feudal War.

The early medieval earthen ramparts were further fortified in the early 15th and 16th centuries and have since been known as "Shemyaka Hills". The Poles burnt it to the ground in 1612, Peter the Great had a wooden kremlin demolished, and the town further declined with the transfer of Russian foreign trade from Arkhangelsk to St. Petersburg.

Economy

The Galich Mobile Crane Plant ( _ru. ОАО "Галичский автокрановый завод") manufactures some 20% of Russia's entire mobile crane production.

City's industries also manufacture steel barrels, shoes, and clothing. There is a timber mill in town as well.

Culture

Historic monuments of Galich include various buildings from the imperial period of Russian history. Particularly noteworthy is the Paisiev Monastery, founded in the early 14th century and featuring a 16th-century five-domed cathedral and a three-domed church from 1642.

The patron saints of Galich are Venerable Jacob of Galich, Venerable Jacob of Zhelezny Borok (Yakov Zheleznoborovsky), Venerable Macarius of Unzha, Venerable Paisius of Galich,
St. Philip the Metropolitan of Moscow,Venerable Gregory of Vologda, Venerable Cyril of Novo-Ozero,
St. Jonah Metropolitan of Moscow, Venerable Abraham of Gorodets, Holy Martyr
Peter of Rodniki, Holy Martyr Alexander (Alexander Ivanovich Zarnitsyn).

Since 2004, Galich hosts the annual short film festival "Russia's Family" ( _ru. Семья России, Semya Rossii), whose stated goals are "to aid spiritual and moral healing of Russian society and to promote traditional
family values".

Infrastructure

*350 metres tall guyed mast for FM-/TV-broadcasting

References

External links

* [http://www.admgalich.ru Official website of Galich] ru icon
* [http://www.galich44.ru Unofficial website of Galich] ru icon
* [http://www.galich.com Galich city portal] ru icon
* [http://www.festival.galich.com "Semya Rossii" Film Festival] ru icon
* [http://www.galichanin.ru Galich Mobile Crane Plant] ru icon


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