- Jack Tworkov
bgcolour = #6495ED
name = Jack Tworkov
birthdate = 1900
deathdate = 1982
nationality = American
influenced by =
He was born in
Biała Podlaska, Russian Empireand immigrated to the United Statesin 1913 with his mother and younger sister who would later become known as Janice Biala. With the intent to become a writer, Tworkov studied at Columbia University, but after experiencing the paintings by Cezanneand Matissefor the first time in early 1921, he becomes determined to study art and did so at the National Academy of Designand Art Students League of New York.
During the Depression Era, Tworkov met among others
Willem de Kooning, and together with a group of other abstract expressionists including Arshile Gorky, Mark Rothkoand Jackson Pollock, founded the New York School. During his lifetime, Tworkov had taught at several institutions, including the American University, Black Mountain College, Queens College, Pratt Institute, University of Minnesota, and Yale Universitywhere he was the Chairman of the Art Department from 1963 - 1969.
Tworkov is regarded as one of the great artists, along with
de Kooning, Philip Guston, Franz Kline, and Jackson Pollock, whose gestural paintings of the early 1950s formed the basis for the abstract expressionist movement in America. Major work from this period is characterized by the use of gestural brush strokes in flame-like color. His work transitioned in during the mid-1960s. Straight lines and geometric patterns characterize his later work.
Tworkov died in 1982 in
* Official Website for the Estate of Jack Tworkov [http://www.jacktworkov.com]
* Marika Herskovic, [http://www.worldcatlibraries.org/oclc/50253062&tab=holdings "American Abstract Expressionism of the 1950s An Illustrated Survey,"] (New York School Press, 2003.) ISBN 0-9677994-1-4
* Marika Herskovic, [http://www.worldcatlibraries.org/oclc/50666793&tab=holdings "New York School Abstract Expressionists Artists Choice by Artists,"] (New York School Press, 2000.) ISBN 0-9677994-0-6
*Edward Bryant; [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7607995&referer=brief_results "Jack Tworkov: Whitney Museum of American Art"] Publisher:
Whitney Museum of American Art, NY ©1964. OCLC: 7607995
*Jack Tworkov; Andrew Forge;
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10184269&referer=brief_results "Jack Tworkov, Fifteen Years of Painting : Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York"] Publisher: Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, NY 1982. ISBN 0892070331 9780892070336
*Richard Armstrong, [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Jack+Tworkov%3A+Paintings+1928-1982&qt=owc_search "Jack Tworkov : paintings 1928-1982"] Publisher: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, PA © 1987. ISBN 0-943836-08-5
* Elizabeth Frank; Andre Emmerich Gallery, New York, NY "Jack Tworkov: Paintings from 1930 to 1981" © 1991.
Boston College Museum of Art, Chestnut Hill, MA; "Jack Tworkov 1935-1982: An Abstract Expressionist Inventing Form" © 1994
*Jack Tworkov; Mitchell-Innes & Nash and Ameringer Howard Yohe Gallery, [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/49885164&referer=brief_results "Jack Tworkov : red, white and blue"] Publisher: Mitchell-Innes & Nash : Ameringer/Howard/Yohe, 2002. ISBN 0971384444 9780971384446
*Debra Bricker Balken;
Valerie Carberry Gallery, Chicago, IL "Jack Tworkov: Early Paintings and Drawings" © 2006. ISBN 0-9777686-0-0
New York School
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Jack Tworkov — (* 15. August 1900 in Biała Podlaska bei Lublin, Generalgouvernement Warschau, Russisches Kaiserreich; † 4. September 1982 in Provincetown, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Maler polnischer Abstammung. Jack Tworkov gehörte zu den… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jack Tworkov — (1900 – 1982) fue un pintor expresionista abstracto estadounidense de origen polaco. Nació en Biała Podlaska, Imperio ruso y emigró a los Estados Unidos cuando tenía trece años de edad. Tworkov estudió en la Universidad de Columbia así como en la … Wikipedia Español
Tworkov — Jack Tworkov (* 15. August 1900 in Biała Podlaska bei Lublin in Polen; † 4. September 1982 in Provincetown, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Maler polnischer Abstammung. Jack Tworkov gehörte zu den bekannten Vertretern des Abstrakten… … Deutsch Wikipedia
TWORKOV, JACK — (1900–1982), U.S. educator, printmaker, painter. Tworkov was born in Biala, Poland and immigrated to the U.S. in 1913. He studied at Columbia University, the National Academy of Design, and the Art Students League. Tworkov worked as an artist for … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Tworkov — [ twɔːkəv], Jack, amerikanischer Maler polnischer Herkunft, * Biała (heute zu Bielitz Biala) 15. 8. 1900, ✝ Provincetown (Massachusetts) 4. 9. 1982; kam 1913 in die USA, ging unter dem Einfluss W. De Koonings zum abstrakten Expressionismus über … Universal-Lexikon
Tworkov, Jack — ▪ American artist born Aug. 15, 1900, Biała, Pol. died Sept. 4, 1982, Provincetown, Mass. U.S. Polish born American painter, an exponent of the Abstract Expressionist movement whose style is characterized by gestural brushwork. Tworkov… … Universalium
Tworkov — /twawr kof/, n. Jack, 1900 82, U.S. painter, born in Poland. * * * … Universalium
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