South China (continent)


South China (continent)

South China continent, also known as South China craton (or the South Chinese craton), or as Yangtze craton, was an ancient continent (craton) that contained today's South and Southeast China (named after), Indochina, and parts of Southeast Asia (ie. Borneo and adjacent islands). South China had been part of many past supercontinents, including Rodinia, Pannotia, Gondwana, Pangaea, Laurasia and Eurasia.

About a billion years ago (Late Proterozoic), the supercontinent, Rodinia formed. South China was part of the supercontinent. South China was bordered by Mirovia Ocean to the north, Siberia to the east, Australia to the west and Laurentia to the south as shown here in the Rodinia paleogeography. 750 million years ago, Rodinia rifted and South China became an isolated continent.

A hundred million years later, these fragmented pieces of continent assembled back together to create the supercontinent of Pannotia. South China collided North China and Eastern Gondwana (mainly Australia). When Pannotia disintegrated 550 million years ago, South China (and North China) became part of and remained with Eastern Gondwana for millions of years. Late in the Silurian (175 million years later after Pannotia's disintegration), South China (and North China), rifted away from Gondwana and moved across the ancient, shrinking Proto-Tethys Ocean. A new ocean was forming in its southern end, Paleo-Tethys Ocean. By the Late Carboniferous (300 million years ago), while North China collided with Siberia and Kazakhstania, completely closing the Proto-Tethys, South China became an independent continent. For much of the Permian Period, South China remained in the tropical latitudes. And also, while most of the giant lycopods of the Carboniferous disappeared, giant lycopods remained in South China, since its isolation from the now formed Pangaea. Cimmeria, a microcontinent that consisted of today's Tibet, Iran, Turkey and parts of Southeast Asia rifted away from Gondwana (just as North and South China did earlier), and was heading towards Laurasia. Paleo-Tethys Ocean started to shrink, while the new Tethys Ocean expanded. In the Middle Triassic, the eastern portion of Cimmeria collided with South China, and together moved northwards, towards Laurasia. In the Early Jurassic epoch, South China collided with North China, forming the China we know today. Since then North China, and South China had been together since their collison in the Jurassic. Much of South China became a mountain range because of India's collision with Cimmeria's southern coastline.

ee also

* Pangaea
* North China (continent)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • South China — can refer to * South China Athletic Association a football club in Hong Kong First Division League * South China (continent) * Northern and southern China approximate regions within China …   Wikipedia

  • South China Sea — Mer de Chine méridionale Mer de Chine méridionale Superficie 3 500 000 km2 Type Mer bordière Localisation Océan Pacifique Pays côtier(s) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • South America — South American. a continent in the S part of the Western Hemisphere. 271,000,000; ab. 6,900,000 sq. mi. (17,871,000 sq. km). * * * Continent, Western Hemisphere. The world s fourth largest continent, it is bounded by the Caribbean Sea to the… …   Universalium

  • China — • Includes history, government, education, and religion Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. China     China     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • South Asia Analysis Group — (SAAG) is a non profit think tank based in India which conducts public interest and advocacy work. [cite web|url=http://lcweb4.loc.gov/911/catalog/1745.html|title=September 11 Web Archive Record: SAAG|publisher=Library of Congress|author=South… …   Wikipedia

  • Continent — Animated, color coded map showing the various continents. Depending on the convention and model, some continents may be consolidated or subdivided: for example, Eurasia is often subdivided into Europe and Asia (red shades), while North and South… …   Wikipedia

  • china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material …   Universalium

  • China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast …   Universalium

  • China — This article is about the People s Republic of China. For the state commonly known as Taiwan, see the Republic of China. For other uses, see China (disambiguation). PRC redirects here. For other uses, see PRC (disambiguation). People …   Wikipedia

  • China Sea — the East China Sea and the South China Sea, taken together. * * * Part of the Pacific Ocean. Reaching from Japan to the southern end of the Malay Peninsula, it is divided by Taiwan into two sections. The northern section is the East China Sea, or …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.