- Richard Halliburton
name = Richard Halliburton
caption = Richard Halliburton
birthdate = birth date|1900|1|9
Brownsville, Tennessee, United States
deathdate = death date and age|1939|3|24|1900|1|9
occupation = Travel writer,
nationality = American
period = 1925 - 1938
Travel literature, Adventure, Exploration
Richard Halliburton (
9 January 1900– presumed dead after 24 March 1939) was an American traveler, adventurer, and author. Best known today for having swum the length of the Panama Canaland paying the lowest toll in its history—thirty-six cents—Halliburton was headline news for most of his brief career. His final and fatal adventure, an attempt to sail a Chinese junk, the "Sea Dragon", across the Pacific Oceanfrom Hong Kongto the Golden Gate International Expositionin San Francisco, carried his name into legend.
Early life and education
Richard Halliburton was born in
Brownsville, Tennesseeto Wesley, a civil engineer and real estate speculator, and Nelle Nance Halliburton. A brother, Wesley Jr., was born in 1903. The family moved to Memphis, where the brothers, who were not close, spent their childhood. Richard's favorite subjects were geography and history, he showed promise as a violinist, and was a fair golfer and tennis player. In 1915, Richard developed a rapid heart condition and spent some four months in bed, including some time at the Battle Creek Sanitarium, before its symptoms were relieved. Two years later his brother, normally a strong and healthy young boy, died suddenly following an apparent bout with rheumatic fever.
At 5' 7" and about 140 pounds, Halliburton was throughout his life never robust, but would seldom complain of sickness or poor stamina. [ Jonathan Root, "Richard Halliburton - The Magnificent Myth", p. 39 et seq. ] He attended
Memphis University Schoolfor Boys and he graduated from Lawrenceville School, a New Jerseyprep school, where he was chief editor of "The Lawrence". In 1921, he graduated from Princeton University, where he was on the editorial board of " The Daily Princetonian", and chief editor of "The Princetonian Pictorial Magazine". He also took courses in public speaking and considered a career as a lecturer. [ Jonathan Root, "Richard Halliburton - The Magnificent Myth", p. 44 et seq. ]
Travel as an unconventional career
Briefly dropping out of college in 1919, Halliburton signed on as an
ordinary seamanand boarded the freighter "Octorara" bound from New Orleansto England. He toured historic places in Londonand Paris, but soon returned to Princeton to finish his schooling. Travel inspired in him a lust for more travel. Voiced in different ways, seizing the day became his credo. The words of Oscar Wilde, who in works like " The Picture of Dorian Gray" enjoined capturing the moment before it vanished, inspired Halliburton to reject marriage, family, a regular job, and conventional respectability as the obvious steps after graduation. Bachelorhood suited him, as did youthful enterprise and the thrill of the unknown. To earn a living, he intended to write about his adventures, yet, with gentle irony, he dedicated his first book to his Princeton roommmates, "whose sanity, consistency and respectability … drove [him] to this book".
His father Wesley told him to get the wanderlust from his system, return to Memphis and adjust his life to "an even tenor."
"I hate that expression," Richard responded, expressing the view that distinguished his life-style, "and as far as I am able I intend to avoid that condition. When impulse and spontaneity fail to make my way uneven then I shall sit up nights inventing means of making my life as conglomerate and vivid as possible…. And when my time comes to die, I’ll be able to die happy, for I will have done and seen and heard and experienced all the joy, pain and thrills—any emotion that any human ever had—and I’ll be especially happy if I am spared a stupid, common death in bed…" [cite journal
author = Guy Townsend
year = 1977
month = August
title = Richard Halliburton: The Forgotten Myth
journal = Memphis Magazine
url = http://web.archive.org/web/20020213231936/http://www.memphismagazine.com/backissues/april2001/coverstory2.htm
accessdate = 2007-11-03 Reprinted "Memphis Magazine" April 2001.]
He idolized mountain climber
George Mallory, who died in 1924 while trying to climb Mt. Everest. He knew and admired aviatrix Amelia Earhart, who perished in 1937, attempting to fly around the same expanse of water that eventually would confront him. He knew journalist Lowell Thomas, who had made Lawrence of Arabiaa living legend. Halliburton craved the celebrity of Rudolph Valentino, the greatest romantic screen star of the silent era. He was acquainted with and looked up to the swashbuckling cinema star Douglas Fairbanks, Sr., who was also a world traveler. Halliburton himself, though several times approached about film versions of his adventures, only appeared in one movie, the semi-documentary Walter Futter produced, "India Speaks" (1932; re-released in 1947), which has been lost, except for the garden scene with co-star Rosie Brown (Rosita Schulze) and some stills.
His first book, published in 1925 by
Bobbs-Merrillas "The Royal Road to Romance", became an immediate bestseller. Following it two years later was "The Glorious Adventure", which retraced Ulysses' adventures throughout the Classical Greekworld as recounted in Homer's The Odyssey, and included his visiting the grave of English poet Rupert Brookeon the island of Skyros. In 1929, Halliburton published "New Worlds To Conquer", which, besides recounting his famous swim of the Panama Canal and retraveling the track of Cortez' conquest of Mexico, cast him in the role, in full goat-skin costume, of Robinson Crusoe( Alexander Selkirk), "cast away" on the island of Tobago. Animals figure prominently in this adventure as in many of Halliburton's adventures. (Douglas Fairbanks Sr., who had rejected Halliburton's overtures that he make a film version of "The Glorious Adventure", did recall, almost as a tribute, Halliburton's recreation of the castaway in his " Mr. Robinson Crusoe".)
During this time, Halliburton's star rose. His friends by this time included movie stars, writers, musicians, painters, and politicians. Among them were writers
Gertrude Athertonand Kathleen Norris, Senator James Phelanand philanthropist Noel Sullivan, actors Ramon Novarroand Rod LaRoque. Casual acquaintances were legion, as the lecture circuit and radio made his name a household word, one synonymous with romantic travel. [ For Mallory and other names mentioned see Index in Gerry Max, "Horizon Chasers - The Lives and Adventures of Richard Halliburton and Paul Mooney". McFarland and Company, 2007. ]
Lecturer and pioneer of adventure journalism
While Halliburton was at Princeton, "
Field and Stream" magazine bought an article he wrote for $150. This initial success encouraged him to choose travel and travel writing as a career. His first ventures abroad provided the basis for a book, but attempts at publication of the resulting manuscript were unsuccessful, as no less than ten publishers had rejected it as puerile and too purple in its prose. His fortunes were reversed when a representative of the prestigious Feakins Agencyheard him deliver a talk, and soon Halliburton was given bookings on the lucrative lecture circuit. Despite a high-pitched voice and occasional discomfort on the dais, Halliburtion displayed such enthusiasm and recounted such vivid recreations of his often bizarre foreign encounters, drawn from a repertoire of seven or so 'hit' escapades, that he became a delight to audiences young and old. On the strength of his lecturing and mounting celebrity appeal, the publisher Bobbs-Merrill, whose editor-in-chief David Laurance Chamberswas also a Princeton graduate, accepted his first book, "The Royal Road to Romance" (1925). [ Cf. Jonathan Root, "Halliburton - The Magnificent Myth", op. cit., pp. 100-102; also, 104-105. ]
Halliburton never married. In his youth he courted young women and, as revealed in letters to them, was seriously infatuated with at least two. Later in his life, rumors of an impending marriage to Mary Lou Davis, who, with her two children from a previous marriage, resided at Hangover House during the Sea Dragon Expedition, were of little foundation. Once an adult, and on the open road, Halliburton's sexual associations with members of his own sex became apparent. To protect the image of heroic masculinity he had cultivated to win over an admiring public, he kept secret his true
sexual orientation. He seems also to have kept it a secret from his doting parents, who longed for grandchildren from their one surviving son. [ André Soares, "Beyond Paradise: The Life of Ramon Novarro", St. Martin's Press, 2002. ISBN 0-312-28231-1. p.163. See also Gerry Max, "Horizon Chasers - The Lives and Adventures of Richard Halliburton and Paul Mooney", op. cit., p. 3 et passim. ] Among those romantically linked to him were film star Ramon Novarroand philanthropist Noel Sullivan, both of whom shared his enjoyment of the bohemian lifestyle. [ Allan R. Ellenberger, "Ramon Novarro: A Biography of the Silent Film Idol, 1899-1968", McFarland and Company, 1999. ISBN 0786400994. p. 141.] Halliburton's most enduring relationship was with freelance journalist Paul Mooney, with whom he often shared living quarters and who assisted him with his written work.
Hangover House in Laguna Beach, California
In 1937 Halliburton commissioned
William Alexander Levy, a recent graduate of the New York University School of Architectureand close friend of Paul Mooney, to build him a home overlooking Laguna Beach. Mooney managed the construction of the house, and offered occasional design input, suggesting the creation of a small pond behind the house which, for its shape and size, he called " Clark Gable's ears." A mutual friend of Levy and Mooney, Charles Wolfsohn (born 1912), a penthouse garden designer, did the flower landscaping. The house itself, built of concrete and steel and bastion-like in appearance, comprised, besides a spacious living and dining room, three bedrooms, one for Halliburton, which featured a wall-sized map of the world, another for Mooney, and the last for Levy. Its Acropolitan stature, some 600 feet atop a ridge, and its apparent suspension between two canyons, gave it its name " Hangover House." When he first saw the completed structure, Halliburton enthused, "it flies!" Writer Ayn Rand, who visited the house in 1937 when she was still an unknown writer, is believed to have based the "Heller House" in " The Fountainhead" (1943) upon Halliburton's home. [ Wells, Ted. "Hangover House: An Obscure Modern Masterpiece." Ted Wells' Living Simple: Architecture, Design, and Living (March 7, 2007): http://twls.libsyn.com/index.php?post_id=190016 Also see Gerry Max, "House in Flight," in "Horizon Chasers", op. it, pp. 139-171. ]
The Flying Carpet Expedition
In 1931 Halliburton hired pioneer aviator
Moye Stephenson the strength of a handshake —for no pay, but unlimited expenses [http://www.opencockpit.net/moye.html "Moye W. Stephens, Richard Halliburton and the "Flying Carpet"] . Reprinted in part from " Tarpa Topics" (The Retired Trans World AirlinePilot's Magazine), April 1996. Accessed online 2 January 2008.] —to fly him around the world in an open cockpit biplane. The modified StearmanC-3B was named the "Flying Carpet" after the magic carpetof fairy tales, and this became the title of his 1932 best-seller. They embarked on "one of the most fantastic, extended air journeys ever recorded" taking 18 months to circumnavigate the globe, covering 33,660 miles, and visiting 34 countries.
They took off on Christmas Day 1930, making stops along the way, from
Los Angelesto New York. Once in New York they put "The Flying Carpet", now crated up, on board the oceanliner " The Majestic" and sailed to England, where their extended mission began. First they flew to France, then to Spain, the British outpost of Gibraltar, and on into Africa at Fez, Morocco(where Stephens performed aerobatics for the first air meet). They crossed the Atlas mountainsand set out across the Saharato Timbuktu, getting special permission to use fuel caches of the Standard Oil Company. They flew to their destination without mishap, then continued eastward, spending several weeks in Algeriawith the French Foreign Legion, and continuing via Cairoand Damascus, with a side trip to Petra.
In Persia (now
Iran), they met the celebrated German aviatrix Elly Beinhorn, whose plane had been forced down because of mechanical failure. They were able to assist her and then worked out shared itineraries. Later, Halliburton wrote a forward to her book "Flying Girl" about these and other of her adventures in the air. Now exhausted, and their plane tiring, Stephens and Halliburton continued their eastward journey. Crown Princess Mahin Banu climbed into the front cockpit for a ride. In neighbouring Iraq, that seat was briefly occupied by the young Crown PrinceGhazi, whom they flew over his school yard.
India, Halliburton visited the Taj Mahal, which he had first visited in 1922. In Nepal, as "The Flying Carpet" flew close to the summit of Mt. Everest, Halliburton stood up in the open cockpit of the plane, nearly causing it to stall, and took the first aerial photograph of the mountain. To the delight of an amazed Maharajah of Nepal, Stephens performed daring aerobatics. In Borneo, Halliburton and Stephens were feted by Sylvia Brett, wife of the White Rajahof Sarawak. They gave her a ride, making RaneeSylvia the first woman to fly in that country. At the Rajang River, they took the chief of the Dyak head huntersfor a flight; he gave them 60 kilos of shrunken heads, which they dared not refuse but dumped as soon as possible. They were the first Americans to fly to the Philippines; in Manilathe plane was again loaded onto a ship to cross the ocean. They flew the final leg from San Franciscoto Los Angeles.
In Moye Stephens, Halliburton, a careful planner, had chosen his pilot well, and, in a reassuring letter to his parents (23 January 1932), recited his many flight skills. Stephens, for instance, during one aerobatic display, astutely aborted a
slow rollthe moment he realized that his passenger, Halliburton, had not fastened his seat belt. Stephens later became chief test pilotof the Northrop Flying Wing, which evolved into today's B-2 Spirit stealth bomber. The around-the-world trip had cost Halliburton over $50,000, plus fuel; in the first year, the book he entitled "The Flying Carpet" (after his valiant plane) earned him royalties of $100,000, in those depression-era days a remarkably tidy sum. [ See Ronald Gilliam, "Around the World in the Flying Carpet." "Aviation History", vol. 14, issue 5 (May 2004), pp. 22-60. Earlier recounted in Richard Halliburton, "The Flying Carpet" (New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1932), with itinerary maps. Retold in Jonathan Root, "Richard Halliburton - The Magnificent Myth", pp. 169-205. Cf. Gerry Max, "Horizon Chasers", pp. 77-91.]
The Sea Dragon Expedition
On March 3, 1939, Halliburton undertook a new adventure: to sail a Chinese junk across the
Pacific Ocean. The "Sea Dragon", a gaudily decorated 75-foot junk, was made to his commission in the shipyards of Kowloonby cartwright Fat Kau. Emblazoned with a colorful dragon and more importantly equipped with a diesel engine, the "Sea Dragon" was supposed to make its maiden voyagefrom Hong Kongto the Golden Gate International Expositionin San Francisco(at Treasure Island). Halliburton had little practical navigation skills himself; he thus hired Captain John Wenlock Welch as skipper and Henry Von Fehren as engineer. The crew also included George Barstow III, a 21-year old student at Juilliard, Velman Fitch of Minnesota, a globe-girdler who had hitched a ride aboard the "Sea Dragon", and Dartmouth Collegesenior Robert Chase. Two other young men from Dartmouth, John Potter and Gordon Torrey, had yachting experience; both of them left the crew after the junk's unsuccessful first run and later offered accounts of their experience. The Passing Parade, John Doremus / Evening with Ian Holland - 2045 AEST, 10 September 2007, Radio 2CH]
The Sea Dragon Expedition, as it was called, suffered from the start. Construction of the junk was marked by cost overruns, delays, and engineering errors. A trial run revealed its flaws. Nonetheless, the expedition set out, and three weeks out to sea on March 23 the ship was struck suddenly by a typhoon. The junk was last sighted by the liner "
SS President Coolidge", itself battling mountainous seas some 1900 km west of Midway Island. The US liner received a cheerful radio message from the junk skipper minutes later, "Having a wonderful time. Wish you were here instead of me." The next message was different: "Southerly gale. Heavy Rain Squalls. High sea. Barometer 29.46. True course 100. Speed 5.5 knots. Position 1200 GCT 31.10 north 155.00 east. All well. When closer may we avail ourselves of your direction finder. Regards Welch." That was the last message anyone heard from the junk. After an extensive US Navysearch with several ships and scout planes over thousands of square miles and many days, the effort was called off. In 1945, some wreckage identified as a rudder and believed to belong to the "Sea Dragon" washed ashore in California.
Missing at sea since March, Halliburton was declared dead October 5, 1939 by the Memphis
Character of published work
Halliburton, in his colorfully and simply told travel adventures, often appears an innocent abroad, receptive to new ideas and with a quiet erudition. He displayed a romantic readiness which shone through his best prose, prose at once picturesque, gently informative, extroverted (yet self-engaged), and personally confiding. A main strategy of his was to attach himself to a famous historic person (and key event for which each was known) or place: he duplicated
Hannibal's elephant crossing of the Alps, naming his pachyderm Miss Elysabethe Dalrymple; he emulated Ulysses' myriad adventures in the Mediterranean; he reenacted Robinson Crusoe's island solitude; he retraced the fateful expedition of Hernando Cortezto the heart of the Aztec Empire; like his hero Lord Byron, he swam the Hellespont, metaphorically bridging Europe and Asia; and he lived among the French Foreign Legionin North Africa. Landmark places he brought home to the armchair traveler through his athletic feats: he swam the Panama Canal, climbed the Matterhornand Mt. Fujiyama(its first documented winter ascent), and descended twice into the Mayan Well of Death, the Sacred Cenoteof Chichen Itza. Drama from a few of his travels abroad resulted from his run-ins with authorities: being arrested for taking photos of the guns at Gibraltar; attempting to enter Mecca, which is forbidden to non-Muslims; hiding in the grounds of the Taj Mahalto experience the sunset in solitude and to swim in the pool facing the famed tomb by moonlight.
Halliburton's books, free of gratuitous philosophizing or advocacy of a single point of view, were meant for the general reading public. What erudition they carried, they did so lightly. Their attachment to the interwar period, however, is solid and unmistakable. Reliance upon the values that had resulted in
World War Ihad eroded and new gospels of youth emerged. Colonialismand the "white man's burden" were ending. Freedom and democracy held different nuances. These ideas formed an indirect backdrop to many of the writings of the time. What racial notes Halliburton's writings struck were casual in nature and, for his times, not exceptional. Like the Greek historian and geographer Herodotus, he was a cultural relativist; he adhered to the credibility of multiple perspectives and believed that "culture was king", stances which may explain his purchase of a slave child in Africa, or adopting the garb of a particular region to "go native." As a sort of cultural ambassador, he met heads of statefrom Peruvian dictator Augusto Leguia, to Emperor Haile Selassieof Ethiopia, to the Last Emperor of China, to King Feisal al Husain of Iraq and his son the Crown Prince. Though he held deeply to the American democratic ideals, as passages in "Seven League Boots" and the two "Books of Marvels", especially those on Russian topics, show, his writings remain free of any preachment other than the insistence that every young person decide upon a curriculum, before it is too late, of far-ranging travel as a means to self-knowledge, career choice and spiritual enlightenment. His last writings, done in collaboration with journalist Paul Mooney, the so-called Bell Syndicate Letters sent from China, suggest, in their descriptions of the displacement of peoples the Japanese advance was causing, the course his future writing might have taken had he lived, as does his interview with the executioner of the Romanovs, the last ruling dynasty of Russia. [ Gerry Max, "Horizon Chasers", p. 7 et seq. ]
Halliburton admired English poet
Rupert Brooke(1887-1915), whose Apollonian beauty and patriotic verse captivated a generation. Serving his country in World War I, Brooke died of a fever on the Greek island of Skyrosand the legend of the poet who perished in his prime grew. Halliburton intended to write his biography and kept ample notes for the task, interviewing in person or corresponding with prominent British literary and salon figures who knew the poet, including Lady Violet Asquith Bonham-Carter, Walter de la Mare, Cathleen Nesbitt, Noel Olivier, Alec Waugh, and Virginia Woolf. Halliburton never began the book, but his notes were used by Arthur Springer to write "Red Wine of Youth--A Biography of Rupert Brooke" (New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1952). [ [http://libweb.princeton.edu/libraries/firestone/rbsc/aids/halliburton.html#1b Richard Halliburton Papers: Correspondence] , Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library. Accessed online 2 January 2008. Gerry Max, "Horizon Chasers", p. 12 et passim. Also Jonathan Root, "Halliburton--The Magnificent Myth", p. 70 et passim. ]
Halliburton wrote over a thousand letters to his parents. In 1940, Bobbs-Merrill published a portion of these, edited by his father, Wesley Halliburton Sr., as "Richard Halliburton: His Story of His Life's Adventure As Told to His Mother and Father".
Publisher James O'Reilly, who reissued "The Royal Road to Romance" to mark the centenary of Halliburton's birth, characterizes him thus: "From the
Jazz Agethrough the Great Depressionto the eve of World War II, he thrilled an entire generation of readers." He was "clever, resourceful, undaunted, cheerful in the face of dreadful odds, ever-optimistic about the world and the people around him, always scheming about his next adventure." [Quoted by James O'Reilly in his introduction to the 2000 reprint of "Royal Road to Romance"] He notes that Halliburton's "manhood spanned the brief interval between the two World Wars" and acclaims him as a "spokesman for the youth of a generation." [Quoted by James O'Reilly in his introduction to the 2000 reprint of "Royal Road to Romance"]
Paul Therouxand Susan Sontag, among others, have offered debts of gratitude for his influence on their work; Halliburton, in turn, had been influenced by great travelers and travel writers such as Burton Holmesand Harry Franck. In his day he had few rivals, though Eugene Wright ("The Great Horned Spoon") and Martin and Osa Johnson("Safari") could as equally captivate. Halliburton also had an impact on his contemporaries Thomas Wolfe, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Corey Fordand Ernest Hemingway. As the writer of a succession of bestsellers, and as a popular lecturer, Halliburton figured prominently in educating several generations of young Americans in the rudiments of geography, history and culture, especially through his two "Books of Marvels." [ See, for instance, Gerry Max, "Richard Halliburton and Thomas Wolfe: When Youth Kept Open House," "North Carolina Literary Review" no. 5 (1996), 82-93. Also see Horizon Chasers, p. 5, also 7 et seq. For Eugene Wright, see p. 262n21. For Martin (1884-1937) and Osa Johnson (1894-1953) see Wikipedia biography. ]
Architecture historian and writer Ted Wells considers
Hangover Houseone of the "best modern houses in the United States". [ Wells, Ted. "Hangover House: An Obscure Modern Masterpiece." Ted Wells' Living Simple: Architecture, Design, and Living (March 7, 2007): http://twls.libsyn.com/index.php?post_id=190016]
Wesley Halliburton donated $400,000 to build a
bell tower, dedicated in 1962 as the Richard Halliburton Memorial Tower, to honor his son's memory at what is now Rhodes Collegein Memphis, Tennessee. Wesley Halliburton died in 1963; he was 95.
In his "Second Book of Marvels", Halliburton stated, "Astronomers say that the Great Wall is the only man-made thing on our planet visible to the human eye from the moon." Although untrue, this statement was a possible source for the
urban legendthat the Great Wall of Chinacould be seen from space. [ [http://www.snopes.com/science/greatwal.htm Great Walls of Liar] , Snopes.com. Accessed 2 January 2008.] ("See Great wall#Visibility from space.")
Halliburton wanted to be remembered as the most traveled man who had ever lived. In his day only
Burton Holmes(1870-1958), creator of the travel lecture film, and Harry A. Franck (1881-1962)may have out-miled him.
The Richard Halliburton Papers are held at
Princeton University Library[ [http://libweb.princeton.edu/libraries/firestone/rbsc/aids/halliburton.html Richard Halliburton Papers] , Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library. Accessed online 2 January 2008.] and the Richard Halliburton Collection at Paul Barret, Jr. Library at Rhodes College. [ [http://www.rhodes.edu/barret/3220.asp Archives & Special Collections] , Rhodes College (Memphis, Tennessee). Accessed online 2 January 2008.]
* "The Royal Road to Romance" (1925)
Matterhorn, Andorra, the Alhambra, Seville, Gibraltar, Monte Carlo, the Nile, Punjab, Kashmir, Ladakh, the Khyber Pass, Angkor, Bangkok, Japanand the ascent of Fujiyama.
* "The Glorious Adventure" (1927)
**Following the path of
Ulyssesaround the Mediterranean Sea.
* "New Worlds to Conquer" (1929)
**Covering Central and
South America, including the Panama Canal, the MayanWell of Death, and Devil's Island.
* "The Flying Carpet" (1932)
* "India Speaks with Richard Halliburton", Grosset & Dunlap-Publishers, New York, 1933
** "Richard Halliburton, who in the
photoplay"India Speaks", plays the part of a young American traveling in India and Tibet in search of adventure. The photographs that follow are stills selected from the film taken by several different cameramen sent to Asia for the purpose-film which supplies the authentic background for the photoplay." [India Speaks with Richard Halliburton, Grosset & Dunlap-Publishers, New York, 1933 ]
* "Seven League Boots" (1935)
Ethiopia, Russia, Arabia, the Alps.
* "Richard Halliburton's Book of Marvels: the Occident" (1937)
* "Richard Halliburton's Second Book of Marvels: the Orient" (1938)
* "Richard Halliburton: His Story of His Life's Adventure, as Told in Letters to His Mother and Father" (1940)
* "Richard Halliburton's Complete Book of Marvels" (1941)
*"One Hundred Years of Delightful Indigestion - Memphis Priceless and Treasured Receipts", Introduction by Richard Halliburton, World Traveler, Author and Epicure (Memphis: James Lee Memorial Academy of Arts, 1935)
Notes and references
*Cortese, James. "Halliburton's Royal Road." Memphis: White Rose Press, 1989.
*Gilliam, Ronald, " [http://www.historynet.com/magazines/aviation_history/3026421.html Richard Halliburton and Moye Stephens: Traveling Around the World in the "Flying Carpet"] ,"Aviation History" (date unclear)
*Max, Gerry. "Horizon Chasers: The Lives and Adventures of Richard Halliburton and Paul Mooney". Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., 2007
*Root, Jonathan. "Halliburton--The Magnificent Myth." New York:Coward-McCann, 1965
*Schwartz, David M. "On the Royal Road to Adventures with 'Daring Dick.'" "Smithsonian Magazine" 19.12 (March 1, 1989):159-160, 162-164, 166, 168, 170, 172, 174-178.
*Townsend, Guy, " [http://web.archive.org/web/20020213231936/http://www.memphismagazine.com/backissues/april2001/coverstory2.htm Richard Halliburton: The Forgotten Myth] ", "Memphis Magazine", originally published August 1977, reprinted April 2001.
* cite news
accessdate=2008-08-05, a 1932 "Time" magazine review of "The Flying Carpet"
Winston Wilde, Haworth Press, "Legacies of Love: A Heritage of Queer Bonding"
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Richard Halliburton — (* 7. Januar oder 9. Januar1900 in Brownsville (Tennessee); † vermutlich nach dem 23. März 1939 im Pazifik) war ein US amerikanischer Abenteurer und Reiseschriftsteller. Leben Richard Halliburton war nach dem Tod eines Bruders der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Richard Halliburton — Richard Halliburton, né le 9 janvier 1900 à Brownsville dans le Tennessee, mort le 23 mars 1939, était un écrivain, poète et aventurier américain, doublé d un athlète. Né de Wesley et Nelle Halliburton, il a été élevé à Memphis. Ses voyages… … Wikipédia en Français
Richard B. Cheney — Richard Cheney (2003) Richard Bruce „Dick“ Cheney (* 30. Januar 1941 in Lincoln, Nebraska, USA) ist ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Republikaner) und war von 2001 bis 2009 der 46. Vizepräsident der Vereinigten Staaten … Deutsch Wikipedia
Richard Bruce Cheney — Richard Cheney (2003) Richard Bruce „Dick“ Cheney (* 30. Januar 1941 in Lincoln, Nebraska, USA) ist ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Republikaner) und war von 2001 bis 2009 der 46. Vizepräsident der Vereinigten Staaten … Deutsch Wikipedia
Richard Cheney — (2003) Richard Bruce „Dick“ Cheney (* 30. Januar 1941 in Lincoln, Nebraska, USA) ist ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Republikaner) und war von 2001 bis 2009 der 46. Vizepräsident der Vereinigten Staaten … Deutsch Wikipedia
Richard B. Cheney — Dick Cheney Dick Cheney Portrait officiel de Richard B. Cheney, 2005 46e Vice président des États Unis 20 janvier … Wikipédia en Français
Richard Bruce Cheney — Dick Cheney Dick Cheney Portrait officiel de Richard B. Cheney, 2005 46e Vice président des États Unis 20 janvier … Wikipédia en Français
Richard Cheney — Dick Cheney Dick Cheney Portrait officiel de Richard B. Cheney, 2005 46e Vice président des États Unis 20 janvier … Wikipédia en Français
Halliburton, Richard — ▪ American writer born Jan. 9, 1900, Brownsville, Tenn., U.S. died March 23/24, 1939, at sea American travel and adventure writer who spent most of his adult life exploring the world. After his sophomore year at Princeton University,… … Universalium
Cheney, Richard B. — ▪ 2001 When Texas oil executive Richard B. Cheney took the job of heading a search committee to find a running mate for George W. Bush (Bush, George W. ) (q.v.), few suspected that he himself would end up the Republican vice presidential… … Universalium