List of rulers of Belarus


List of rulers of Belarus

History of Belarusian states can be traced far to Principality of Polotsk. From 13th century it belonged to Grand Duchy of Lithuania, then to Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 19th century Belarus together with Lithuania formed the Northwestern Krai of Russian Empire. At the beginning of the 20th century there was a short-lived Belarusian National Republic, and in 1922 Belarus became part of the USSR as Belarusian SSR. In 1991, Belarus regained its independence.

Dukes of Principality of Polotsk

*Ragvalod of Polotsk (? - 980)
*Vladimir I of Kiev (980 - 1015)
*Brastislav of Polotsk (1001 - 1044)
*Vseslav of Polotsk (1044 - 1101)
*Boris I of Polotsk (1101 - 1106)
*David of Polotsk (1106 - 1127)
*Boris I of Polotsk (1127 - 1128)
*Sviatopolk of Kiev (1128 - 1132)
*Vasil of Polotsk (1132 - 1144)
*Rogneda Borisovich (1144 - 1151)
*Rostislav of Minsk (1151 - 1159)
*Rogneda Borisovich (1159 - 1162)
*Vseslav Vasilkovich (1162 - 1167)
*Volodar of Minsk (1167 - ?)
*Mingayl (Mingaila) (? – 1192)
*Ginwill (1192 – 1199)
*Boris II of Polotsk (1199 – 12??)
*Gleb of Polotsk (12?? - 12??)
*Iziaslav of Polotsk (12?? – 1281)
*Daumantas (1281 – 1285)
*Vainius (1315 – 13??)
*Narimont (Narimantas) (13?? - 13??)
*Lubart (Liubartas) (13?? – 1342)
*Wigund (Andrius; son of Olgierd) (1342 – 1387)
*Skirgiello (Skirgaila) (1387 - 1397)

Grand Dukes of Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Title: Grand Duke ("Вялікі князь" in Belarusian, "Wielki książę" in Polish, "Kunigaikštis" or "Didysis Kunigaikštis" in Lithuanian)

*Mindaugas (Mindoŭh, Mindowh) 1236 - 1263
*Treniota (Traniata, Troniata) 1263 – 1264
*Vaišvilkas (Vojszalak, Vojšalk, Vaišelga, Vaishyalga, Vaišalgas, Woyszwiłk) 1264 - 1267
*Svarn (Shvarno, Švarnas, Ioann) 1267 – 1269
*Traidenis (Trajdzien) 1269 – 1282
*Daumantas (Daŭmont, Dowmont) 1281 – 1285
*Budzikid (Butigeidis) 1285 – ca. 1291
*Butvydas (Putuver, Pukuwer) ca. 1291 – ca. 1295
*Vytenis (Witenes) 1295 – 1316
*Gediminas (Giedymin, Hedymin) 1316 – 1341
*Jaunutis (Jaŭnut, Jewnut, Jawnut) 1341 – 1345
*Algirdas (Olgierd, Alherd) 1345 – 1377
*Jogaila (Władysław II Jagiełło) 1377 – 1381, 1382 – 1392, also crowned as the Polish King
*Kęstutis (Kiejstut, Kejstut) 1381 – 1382
*Vytautas the Great (Vitaūt, Witold, Vitawt) 1392 – 1430
*Švitrigaila (Swidrygiello, Śvidryhajla) 1430 – 1432
*Zygimantas Kestutaitis (Žyhimont I Kejstutavicz, Sigismund Kestutian, Žygimantas I Kęstutaitis, Zygimont Kejstutavicz) September 1, 1432 – 1440
*Kazimir Jahelonczyk (Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk, Kazimieras I Jogailaitis) 1440 – 1492 also crowned as the Polish King
*Alexander (Alaksandr, Aleksander Jagiellończyk, Aleksandras I) 1492 – 1506 also crowned as the Polish King
*Sigismund I the Old (Žyhimont II Stary, Zygmunt I Stary, Žygimantas II Senasis) 1505 – 1548 also crowned as the Polish King
*Sigismund II Augustus (Žyhimont III Aŭhust, Zygmunt II August, Žygimantas III Augustas) 1545 – 1572 also crowned as the Polish King

Elected kings of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

*Henri Valois (1572 - 1573)
*Stefan Batory (1576 - 1586)
*Sigismund III Vasa (1587 - 1632)
*Ladislaus IV of Poland (1632 - 1648)
*John II of Poland (1648 - 1668)
*Michael Korybut Wisniowiecki (1672 - 1673)
*John III of Poland (1675 - 1696)
*August II of Poland (1697 - 1704)
*Stanisław Leszczyński (1704 - 1709)
*August II of Poland (1704 - 1733)
*Stanisław Leszczyński (1733)
*August III of Poland (1733 - 1763)
*Stanisław August Poniatowski (1764 - 1795)

General-Governors of Northwestern Krai of the Russian Empire

Leaders of Belarus since 1918

Belarusian National Republic (1918-1920)

Chairmen of the Rada

*Ivan Mikitavich Syerada (9 March - May 1918)
*Pavel Pawlavich Alyaksyuk (May - June 1918)
*Yazep Yur'evich Lyosik (June - 10 December 1918)

Chairman of the Provisional Revolutionary Workers-and-Peasants' Soviet Government

*Dzmitry Fyodorovich Zhylunovich (1 January - 4 February 1919)

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee

*Aleksandr Fyodorovich Myasnikov (4 February - 27 February 1919)
*Pyotr Antonavich Krechewski (13 December 1919 - November 1920) (Chairman of Government)
*Ivan Mikitavich Syerada (December 1919 - July 1920) (Rival Government)

Belarusian National Republic in Exile (1920-1992)

Presidents

(In Vilnius to 1925, then in Prague, presently in Canada)
*Pyotr Antonavich Krechewski (November 1920 - 8 March 1928)
*Vasil Ivanavich Zakharka (8 March 1928 - 6 March 1943)
*Mikalay Syamyonavich Abramchyk (6 March 1943 - 29 May 1970)
*Vikentsiy Zhuk-Hryshkyevich (May 1970 - November 1982)
*Jazep Sazhych (November 1982–1997)
*Barys Ragula (1997) (acting)
*Ivonka J. Symaniec-Survilla (1997–present)

Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (1920-1991)

First secretaries of the Byelorussian Communist Party

*Vilgelm Gregoryevich Knorinsh (9 August 1920–1923) (1st time)
*Aleksandr Nikolayevich Osatkin-Vladimirsky (1923–1924)
*Aleksandr Ivanovich Krinitsky (13 May 1924 - 22 December 1925)
*Nikolay Matveyevich Goloded (22 December 1925 - 7 May 1927)
*Vilgelm Gregoryevich Knorinsh (7 May 1927 - 4 December 1928) (2nd time)
*Yan Borisovich Gamarnik (4 December 1928 - 3 January 1930)
*Konstantin Venyaminovich Gey (3 January 1930 - 18 January 1932)
*Nikolay Fyodorovich Gikalo (18 January 1932 - 18 March 1937)
*Vasily Fomich Sharangovich (18 March - 17 July 1937)
*Yakov Arkadyevich Yakovlev (27 July - 8 August 1937 (acting)
*Aleksey Alekseyevich Volkov (11 August 1937 - 18 June 1938)
*Panteleimon Kondratyevich Ponomarenko (18 June 1938 - 7 March 1947) (in exile in Russian SFSR since June 1941 until 1944)
*Nikolay Ivanovich Gusarov (7 March 1947 - 31 May 1950)
*Nikolay Semyonovich Patolichev (31 May 1950 - 8 March 1953) (1st time)
*Mikhail Vasilyevich Zimyanin (8 March - 25 June 1953)
*Nikolay Semyonovich Patolichev (25 June 1953 - 28 July 1956) (2nd time)
*Kirill Trofimovich Mazurov (28 July 1956 -30 March 1965)
*Pyotr Mironovich Masherov (30 March 1965 - 4 September 1980)
*Tikhon Yakovlevich Kiselyov (15 October 1980 - 11 January 1983)
*Nikolay Nikitich Slyunkov (13 January 1983 - 6 February 1987)
*Yefrem Yevseyevich Sokolov (6 February 1987 - 30 November 1990)
*Anatoly Aleksandrovich Malofeyev (30 November 1990 - August 1991)

Republic of Belarus (1991-Present)

Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet

*Nikolay Ivanovich Dementyey (18 May - 25 August 1990)
*Stanislav Stanislavovich Shushkyevich (25 August 1990 - 26 January 1994) (acting to 18 September 1991)
*Vyacheslav Nikolayevich Kuznyetsov (26 January - 28 January 1994) (acting)
*Myechyslaw Ivanavich Hryb (28 January - 20 July 1994)

President

*Alexander Lukashenko (20 July 1994–present)

Latest election

References

* cite web
url=http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Belarus.html
work=worldstatesmen.org
title=Rulers of Belarus
accessdate=2006-03-21

External links

* [http://www.rydel.net/litvania/radavod.php Grand Dukes of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania]


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