Guanahacabibes peninsula


Guanahacabibes peninsula

Infobox protected_area
name = Guanahacabibes
iucn_category = II



caption = Location of "Guanahacabibes " in Cuba
locator_x = 11
locator_y = 40
location=CUB
nearest_city = Sandino
lat_degrees = 21
lat_minutes = 52
lat_seconds = 44
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 84
long_minutes = 49
long_seconds = 23
long_direction = W
area = km2 to mi2|398.26|abbr=yes|wiki=yes|precision=2cite web |url=http://www.snap.cu/listados.htm |title=Protected Areas |author=National Protected Areas System of Cuba |accessdate=2007-10-10]
established = 1987 (Biosphere Reserve)
visitation_num =
visitation_year =
governing_body =

Guanahacabibes Peninsula is the western most point on the island of Cuba. It is located in the Pinar del Río Province, in the municipality of Sandino and is sparsely populated. The waters surrounding the peninsula are important lobster and red snapper fishing grounds. It also boasts the category of "Biosphere Reserve", listed by UNESCO in 1987. Its western extremity, Cape San Antonio ( _es. Cabo San Antonio), is the western most point of Cuba.

Its location in the open waters of the Gulf of Mexico make it vulnerable to hurricanes. The area was severely affected by Hurricane Ivan in 2004 and Hurricane Wilma in 2005. [cite web |url=http://www.rguama.co.cu/categorias/cienciasalud/6902365784/voluntad_vs_huracanes843219.htm |title=Guanahacabibes, Voluntad vs huracanes |author=Radio Guama |accessdate=2007-10-10]

Guanahacabibes was the site of Cuba's first forced labor camp, started at the end of 1960. [http://www.independent.org/newsroom/article.asp?id=1535]

Conservation

The Guanahacabibes National Park on the peninsula is one of the country's largest natural reserve and is separated from the rest of the island by white-sand plains where one of Cuba's largest lakeside area lies. A relative small area holds some 100 lakes, as well as the largest and purest fields of silica sand, which is 99.8% pure. Nature tourism is a major attraction in the km2 to mi2|398.26|abbr=yes|wiki=yes|precision=2 National Park. The area is inhabited by 172 species of birds belonging to 42 families, 11 of which are endemic and 84 are migratory. Experts also believe that 4 of the 7 species of marine turtles living on the planet have survived in the Guanahacabibes Peninsula. The coastline also contains preserved coral reefs, with the northern coast being lined by the cays and isles of the western Colorados Archipelago.

The peninsula was one of the last refuges of aboriginals fleeing from the Spanish conquistadors and also holds some 140 archeological sites linked to the life of aborigines, who were known as Guanahatabeyes.

ee also

*Geography of Cuba

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

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