Primož Trubar


Primož Trubar

Primož Trubar (9 June 150828 June 1586) was a Slovene protestant reformer, the founder and the first superintendent of the Protestant Church of the Slovene Lands, a consolidator of the Slovene language and the author of the first Slovene printed book.

Trubar was born in the village Raščica near the present-day town of Velike Lašče, then under the Habsburgs. In the years 1520-1521 he attended school in Rijeka, in 1522-1524 he continued his education in Salzburg. From there he went to Trieste under the tutorship of bishop Pietro Bonomo, where he got in touch with the Humanist writers, in particular Erasmus of Rotterdam. In 1528 he enrolled at the University of Vienna, but did not complete his studies. In 1530 he returned to Slovenia and became a preacher. He gradually leaned towards the Protestantism and was in 1547 expelled from Ljubljana.

While a Protestant preacher in Rothenburg, Germany, he wrote the first book in Slovene, "Catechismus" and "Abecedarium", which was published in 1550 in Tübingen, Germany. In the following years, he authored around 25 more books in Slovenian; the most important of them is the translation of the complete New Testament, which he started while living in Kempten im Allgäu.

Trubar died in Derendingen, Germany (now part of the city of Tübingen), where he is also buried.

In 1986, the Slovenian television produced a TV series, directed by Andrej Strojan with the screen play written by Drago Jančar, in which Trubar was played by the Slovenian actor Polde Bibič.Trubar was commemorated on the 10 tolar banknote [http://www.bsi.si/en/description-banknotes-and-coins.asp?MapaId=528] in 1992, and on the Slovenian 1 euro coin in 2007. The 500th anniversary of his birth was marked in June 2008 by the issue of a commemorative €2 coin.

An exhibition dedicated to the life and work of Primož Trubar, and the achievements of the Slovenian Reformation Movement is on display at the National Museum of Slovenia, 6 March - 31 December 2008.

The Trubar Forum [http://www.primoztrubar.si] is working to put Trubar's Catechism (1550), the first printed Slovene book, into modern Slovene. It will go to print in the fall of 2008. The "Sermon on Faith" is already in modern Slovene, English and German.

Trubar's legacy among Slovenes cannot be overstated. Many say Slovenia would not exist as a nation were it not for Trubar's love for his people and their language. A German priest recently called Trubar one of the first "Europeans," for his broad understanding of and work for the people groups on central Europe.

Two quotations from the first Slovene book, the 1550 Catechism, reveal his love for his people and what he wanted for them: Stati inu Obstati: this phrase, "Stand and Withstand," is inscribed on the Slovene 1 euro coin; in context it reads in English: "With such faith a Christian can stand and withstand in troubles and temptations and resist the unbelief that is in our flesh." [http://www.primoztrubar.si]

"Vsem Slovencem:" this phrase is the first sentence in the first book. "To all Slovenes; grace, peace, mercy and the true knowledge of God through Jesus Christ I pray."

See also

* Adam Bohorič
* Sebastian Krelj
* Jurij Dalmatin

External links

* [http://www.thezaurus.com/webzine/primoz_trubar_reformer/ Webzine Sloveniana article]
* [http://www.uvi.si/eng/slovenia/background-information/first-slovene-book/primoz-trubar/ Slovene Government Communication Office]
* [http://www.primoztrubar.si/eng/index.php Trubar Forum website in English and Slovene - translating Trubar into modern Slovene!]
* [http://www.velike-lasce.si/index_01.acam?typ=vsebina&ID=2002122711213565 Website of Velike Lasce]
* [http://www.randburg.com/si/general/slo8.html Famous Slovenes]
* [http://www.trubar2008.si/eng/index.html 500th Anniversary Celebrations of Trubar's birth]


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  • Primoz Trubar — Primož Trubar Primož Trubar (9 juin 1508 28 juin 1586) était un réformateur protestant slovène. Il fut fondateur et premier superintendant de l église protestante de la Slovénie, unificateur de la langue slovène et auteur du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Primoz trubar — Primož Trubar Primož Trubar (9 juin 1508 28 juin 1586) était un réformateur protestant slovène. Il fut fondateur et premier superintendant de l église protestante de la Slovénie, unificateur de la langue slovène et auteur du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Primož Trubar — (8 juin 1508 28 juin 1586) était un réformateur protestant slovène. Il fut fondateur et premier superintendant de l Église protestante de la Slovénie, unificateur de la langue slovène et auteur du premier livre imprimé en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Primož Trubar — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Busto de Primož Trubar. Primož Trubar (Raščica, 9 de junio de 1508, Velike Lašče , Eslovenia; † Derendingen 28 de junio de 1586, ahora una parte de la ciudad de Tübingen …   Wikipedia Español

  • Primoz Trubar — Kupferstich von Primož Trubar Primož Trubar (auch eingedeutscht als Primus Truber) (* 9. Juni 1508 in Rašica, heute Gemeinde Velike Lašče[1], Unterkrain; † 15. Juni 1586 in Tübingen Derendingen) war ein protestantischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Primož — is a male given name, the South Slavic form of the Latin Primus , meaning first or best . Sequential birth order numerical names were a Roman custom; a male firstborn might be named Primus , a third born tertia Tertia , a fifth born son Quintus …   Wikipedia

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  • Trubar — Trubar,   Primož, deutsch Primus Truber, slowenischer Schriftsteller, * Raščica (Slowenien) 9. 6. 1508, ✝ Derendingen (heute zu Tübingen) 28. 6. 1586; seit 1542 Domherr in Ljubljana, als …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Trubar — Trȕbār, Primož (1508 1586) DEFINICIJA slov. svećenik i književnik, širio protestantizam u Sloveniji, prisiljen emigrirati u Njemačku (1548) gdje prevodi Novi zavjet, na slovenski, piše poeziju i teološke rasprave na slovenskom i organizira… …   Hrvatski jezični portal


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