Nepean, Ontario


Nepean, Ontario

Coordinates: 45°20.5′N 75°45.5′W / 45.3417°N 75.7583°W / 45.3417; -75.7583

Nepean
—  Community  —
Map showing extent of Nepean within what is now the City of Ottawa c. 2000
Country Canada Flag of Canada.svg
Province Ontario Flag of Ontario.svg
City of Nepean 1978–2001
Government
 – Representatives 8 MPs and 9 MPPs
Population (2001)
 – Total 124,878
  148,596. (2006)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC−5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Area code(s) 613, 343

Nepean (pronounced /nəˈpiːən/) was a city adjacent to Ottawa, Ontario, Canada until it was amalgamated with the 10 other municipalities that formed the Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton in 2001, to become the new city of Ottawa. However, the name "Nepean" continues in common usage in reference to the area. The population of Nepean is about 150,000 people.

Although the neighbouring municipality of Kanata formed the entrepreneurial and high tech center of the region, Nepean hosted noted industries such as Nortel Networks, JDS Uniphase and Gandalf Technologies. As with the rest of the National Capital Region, however, Nepean's economy was also heavily dependent on federal government employment.

Nepean's policies of operational and capital budgeting prudence contrasted with the budget philosophies of some other municipalities in the area. Nepean instituted a strict 'pay-as-you-go' budgeting scheme. The city entered amalgamation with a large surplus and a record of tax restraint. However, most big-ticket municipal infrastructure items (transit, garbage collection, sanitary sewers, water, arterial roads, police, social services) were the responsibility of the Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton, not the former City of Nepean.

Prior to amalgamation, Nepean's City Council spent many tax dollars aggressively campaigning against what they (and their allies) referred to as the "megacity" model. The central plank of the strategy was to promote a tri-city model, which would have seen the 10 municipalities of the Ottawa region reduced to three: one in the west (comprising Nepean, Kanata and the western rural municipalities), one in the east (comprising Gloucester, Cumberland and the eastern rural municipalities) and one in the center (comprising Ottawa, Vanier and Rockcliffe Park). These efforts were in vain, as the one-city model eventually prevailed (The one-city model was recommended by Glen Shortliffe, who was appointed by the Government of Ontario to study the issue of municipal reform in Ottawa-Carleton.)

Contents

Climate

Nepean has a humid continental climate, with warm, humid summers and cold winters. The summers start in early June and end in early September with an average summer high temperature of 27 °C (81 °F). In Nepean, summers have about 220 mm (8.7 in) of rain. There is a 95% chance that all the precipitation comes by thunderstorms in the summer. There is also a small chance of cool, average rainy days in the summertime. Nepean is also the Ottawa suburb that has the most hours of sunshine, with an average of 2,100 hours each year. In the winter, Nepean gets about 150–200 cm (59–79 in) of snow yearly with an average temperature of −5 °C (23 °F). Spring starts around late March and lasts until late May, with temperatures of about 10–15 °C (50–59 °F). The springtime has about 165 mm (6.5 in) of rain a year. The average temperature for fall is around 10 °C (50 °F). Autumn is the driest season in Nepean with only 100 mm (3.9 in) of rainfall annually. The gardening zone for this area is 6A.


Climate data for Nepean – BarrhavenBells CornersKanata
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12
(54)
12.4
(54.3)
26.7
(80.1)
31.1
(88.0)
32.8
(91.0)
36.1
(97.0)
36.7
(98.1)
37.8
(100.0)
35
(95)
27.8
(82.0)
23.9
(75.0)
16.3
(61.3)
37.8
(100.0)
Average high °C (°F) −5.1
(22.8)
−4.1
(24.6)
3.2
(37.8)
11.8
(53.2)
20.1
(68.2)
25.8
(78.4)
28.5
(83.3)
26.9
(80.4)
20.5
(68.9)
15.5
(59.9)
5.8
(42.4)
−3
(27)
11.9
Average low °C (°F) −13.3
(8.1)
−12.3
(9.9)
−5.1
(22.8)
2.6
(36.7)
10.7
(51.3)
14.7
(58.5)
17.4
(63.3)
15.1
(59.2)
10.1
(50.2)
4
(39)
−1.8
(28.8)
−10.1
(13.8)
2.1
Record low °C (°F) −35.6
(−32.1)
−36.1
(−33.0)
−30.6
(−23.1)
−16.7
(1.9)
−5.6
(21.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
5
(41)
2.6
(36.7)
−3
(27)
−7.8
(18.0)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−36.1
(−33.0)
Precipitation mm (inches) 25.2
(0.992)
17.6
(0.693)
36.3
(1.429)
60.5
(2.382)
78.4
(3.087)
85
(3.35)
90.6
(3.567)
87.1
(3.429)
85.3
(3.358)
74.9
(2.949)
59.8
(2.354)
31.3
(1.232)
732
(28.82)
Snowfall cm (inches) 50.2
(19.76)
45
(17.7)
30.8
(12.13)
10
(3.9)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.04)
21.9
(8.62)
57.2
(22.52)
175.7
(69.17)
Source: [1]

Recent quantity of snow

Years Depth
2009–2010 75.2 cm (29.6 in)
2008–2009 120.5 cm (47.4 in)
2007–2008 414.5 cm (163.2 in)
2006–2007 312.2 cm (122.9 in)
2005–2006 150.0 cm (59.1 in)
2004–2005 399.6 cm (157.3 in)
2003–2004 296.9 cm (116.9 in)
2002–2003 401.1 cm (157.9 in)

[citation needed]

History

Nepean Township, originally known as Township D, was established in 1792 and originally included what is now the central area of Ottawa west of the Rideau River. Jehiel Collins, from Vermont, is believed to have been the first person to settle in Nepean Township, on the future site of Bytown. Nepean was incorporated as a city on November 24, 1978. The geographic boundaries of Nepean changed considerably over this time; the original town hall of the township of Nepean was located in Westboro, which was annexed in 1949 by the city of Ottawa. Nepean's centre then moved to the community of Bells Corners. In the 1950 and 1960s, Nepean's urban area began to expand in previous rural areas in such areas as Centrepointe in the east, and Barrhaven in the south.

Prior to its amalgamation with 10 other municipalities into the new city of Ottawa in 2001, the population of Nepean was 124,878. The 2006 census population was 138,596.

Nepean was named after Sir Evan Nepean, British Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1782 to 1791.

A Nepean quarry provided the sandstone blocks that were the principal building material used in the Parliament Buildings in downtown Ottawa.

Demographics

According to the Canada 2001 Census:

  • Population: 124,878
  • % Change (1996–2001): 8.5
  • Dwellings: 44,685
  • Area (km2.): 217.00
  • Density (persons per km2.): 575.5

As of the 2006 census, the population of Nepean had risen to 148,596.

Neighbourhood Population (2006) Area (sq. km.) Density (per sq. km.)
Agriculture Canada 0 16.96 0
Barrhaven 49,200 20.10 2447.8
Bayshore 7,535 1.21 6244.3
Bells Corners 9,799 4.67 2098.3
Briar Green 2,097 0.90 2328.2
Centrepointe 7,275 2.06 3537.6
City View 4,756 2.42 1964.4
Craig Henry 6,772 1.84 3684.6
Crystal Beach 4,173 5.51 758.0
Fisher Heights 6,004 1.96 3068.4
Graham Park-Qualicum 1,699 1.21 1402.4
Heart's Desire 5,782 8.96 645.3
Leslie Park 2,833 0.98 2897.6
Manordale 1,899 1.41 1346.7
Meadowlands 3,608 2.05 1758.4
Parkwood Hills 10,189 2.86 3562.6
Pineglen-Merivale Gardens 3,385 11.07 305.9
Tanglewood 4,401 1.60 2748.0
Trend Village-Arlington Woods 4,945 3.55 1394.6
Rural Nepean 2,244 123.02 18.2

Mayors

Education

Public schools in Nepean are administrated by Ottawa-Carleton District School Board. The board's headquarters are located within Nepean itself. Catholic schools, or "separate schools", are administered by the Ottawa-Carleton Catholic School Board. Schools in Nepean include:

  • Merivale High School
  • Bell High School
  • Pope John the 23rd Catholic Elementary
  • St.John the Apostle Catholic Elementary
  • St.Mary Catholic Elementary
  • Corpus Christi Catholic Elementary
  • Greenbank Public Elementary
  • Greenbank Public Middle School
  • Sir Robert Borden High School
  • St. Paul Catholic High School
  • Mother Theresa Catholic High School
  • Ecole Secondaire Catholique de Franco – Ouest
  • Cedarveiw Middle School
  • Meadowlands Public School
  • Parkwood Hills Public School
  • Sir Winston Middle School
  • Ecole Catholique Laurier Carriere
  • Frank Ryan Catholic Middle School
  • Saint Rita's Catholic School
  • Our Lady of Peace Catholic School
  • D. Aubrey Moodie Intermediate School

Nepean City Hall

Ben Franklin Place

Ben Franklin Place, located in Centrepointe, was formerly the city hall for Nepean until it became a part of Ottawa. Now, it serves as a government office and client service centre, as well as continuing to be home to a branch of the Ottawa Library and the Centrepointe Theatre.

Museums

Nepean Museum located at 16 Rowley Avenue, Nepean Ontario is a museum that collects, preserves, researchs, exhibits and interprets the works of man and nature in Nepean.

Media

"Nepean This Week" (http://www.nepeanthisweek.com/) is a weekly publication distributed in the Nepean area.

The Ottawa area's CTV affiliate, CTV Ottawa formerly known as CJOH-TV was headquartered on Merivale Road in Nepean. The studio was home to shows such as Graham Kerr's The Galloping Gourmet, and the cult children's classic You Can't Do That on Television. The building was ravaged by a fire on February 7, 2010.[2][3] The Merivale Road complex is still home to Astral Media's English language stations CKQB-FM and CJOT-FM, which are located in a separate building from CJOH-TV.

Famous Nepeanites

The following famous people were either born in, raised in, or consider Nepean their home town:

Nepean communities and neighbourhoods

Prior to amalgamation, the following communities and neighbourhoods were within the city boundaries:

  • Arlington Woods
  • Ashdale
  • Barrhaven
    • Barrhaven On The Green
    • Cedar Grove
    • Chapman Mills
    • Davidson Heights
    • Fraserdale
    • Havenlea
    • Heritage Glen
    • Heritage Park / Barrhaven Terrace
    • Highbury Park
    • Knollsbrook
    • Longfields
    • The Meadows
    • Old Barrhaven
    • Pheasant Run
    • Rideaucrest
    • Woodroffe Estates
  • Bayshore
  • Bells Corners
    • Arbeatha Park
    • Lynwood Village
    • Westcliffe Estates
  • Borden Farm
  • Boyce
  • Briargreen
  • Carleton Heights
  • Cedarhill Estates
  • Centrepointe
  • Craig Henry
  • Crestview
  • Crystal Bay
  • Crystal Beach
  • City View
  • Country Place
  • Fallowfield
  • Fisher Glen
  • Fisher Heights
  • Graham Park
  • Grenfell Glen
  • Hearts Desire
  • Hillsdale
  • Jockvale
  • Lakeview Park
  • Leslie Park
  • Lincoln Heights
  • Manordale
  • Meadowlands
  • Merivale Gardens
  • Orchard Estates
  • Parkwood Hills
  • Pineglen
  • Qualicum
  • Rideau Glen
  • Rocky Point
  • Ryan Farm
  • Sheahan Estates
  • Shirleys Bay
  • Skyline
  • St. Claire Gardens
  • Stewart Farm
  • Stonebridge
  • Tanglewood
  • Trend Village
  • Twin Elm
  • Woodvale

References


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