Obersturmbannführer


Obersturmbannführer
SS-Obersturmbannführer.svg

Obersturmbannführer was a paramilitary Nazi Party rank used by both the SA and the SS. It was created in May 1933 to fill the need for an additional field grade officer rank above Sturmbannführer as the SA expanded. It became an SS rank at the same time. Translated as “Senior Assault (or Storm) Unit Leader”, Obersturmbannführer was junior to Standartenführer and was the equivalent to Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel) in the German Army.

Amongst the more notorious holders of the rank of Obersturmbannführer were Rudolf Höss, Adolf Eichmann, Herbert Kappler and Joachim Peiper. Höss was commandant of the infamous Auschwitz concentration camp, whilst Eichmann is generally regarded as a key architect of the Nazi's Endlösung (Final Solution) policy in which Auschwitz came to play so major a role. Herbert Kapplar was the Gestapo Chief of Rome who conducted the infamous Ardeatine massacre, with Joachim Peiper being the commander of the eponymous Kampfgruppe responsible for the Malmedy massacre during the December 1944 Battle of the Bulge.

Eichmann was promoted to Obersturmbannführer in 1940 and was listed as such in the minutes of the Wannsee Conference that began the Endlösung. During Eichmann's trial for war crimes in 1962, chief prosecutor Gideon Hausner drew attention to the significance and responsibility of Eichmann's Obersturmbannführer rank when, in response to Eichmann's claim that he was merely a clerk obeying orders, Hausner asked him, “Were you an Obersturmbannführer or an office girl?”

In Eichmann in Jerusalem, however, Hannah Arendt disputes the notion that Obersturmbannführer was a rank of significance, pointing out that Eichmann spent the war "dreaming" about promotion to Standartenführer. Arendt also points out that "...people like Eichmann, who had risen from the ranks, were never permitted to advance beyond a lieutenant colonel [i.e., the rank of Obersturmbannführer] except at the front." She also noted that Eichmann was the lowest-ranking officer present at the Wannsee Conference, and his primary responsibilities were to prepare the minutes and send the invitations.[1]

The insignia for Obersturmbannführer was four silver pips and a stripe, centered on the left collar of an SS/SA uniform. The rank also displayed the shoulder boards of a Wehrmacht Oberstleutnant and was the highest SS/SA rank to display unit insignia on the opposite collar.

References

  1. ^ Arendt, Hannah. Eichmann in Jerusalem, Penguin Classics (edition 2006). p 147.

External links

The Wiktionary definition of Obersturmbannführer

Junior Rank
Sturmbannführer
SS rank and SA rank
Obersturmbannführer
Senior Rank
Standartenführer

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Obersturmbannfuhrer — Obersturmbannführer Obersturmbannführer est un grade dans la SS Équivalent Wehrmacht : Oberstleutnant Équivalent armée française : lieutenant colonel Liens externes Tous les insignes des grades SS Voir aussi Unités de la Waffen SS… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Obersturmbannführer — est un grade dans la SS Équivalent Wehrmacht : Oberstleutnant Équivalent armée française : lieutenant colonel Liens externes Tous les insignes des grades SS Voir aussi Grades de la Schutzstaffel Unités de la Waffen SS Adolf Eichmann… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Obersturmbannführer — Galón de SS Obersturmbannführer …   Wikipedia Español

  • Obersturmbannführer — Dieser Artikel befasst sich mit der Organisationsstruktur der Schutzstaffel (SS). Geschichtliche Abrisse über die einzelnen SS Gliederungen finden sich bei Schutzstaffel, Waffen SS und SS Totenkopfverbände. Die Organisationsstruktur der SS und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SS-Obersturmbannführer — Dieser Artikel befasst sich mit der Organisationsstruktur der Schutzstaffel (SS). Geschichtliche Abrisse über die einzelnen SS Gliederungen finden sich bei Schutzstaffel, Waffen SS und SS Totenkopfverbände. Die Organisationsstruktur der SS und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard Schulze (SS-Obersturmbannführer) — Richard Schulze (* 20. September 1898 in Mainz; † 29. Dezember[1] 1969 in Buxtehude) war ein deutscher Kriminalrat und SS Obersturmbannführer, der als Kriegsverbrecher verurteilt wurde. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Karriere bis 1945 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SA-Obersturmbannführer — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Sturma …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernhard Frank — Obersturmbannführer Bernhard Frank was an SS Commander of the Obersalzberg complex who arrested Hermann Göring on April 25 1945 by order of Adolf Hitler, who had been manipulated by Reichsleiter Bormann into believing Göring was attempting to… …   Wikipedia

  • Einsatzkommando — refers to a sub group of the five Einsatzgruppen mobile killing squads 3,000 men responsible for systematically killing every Jew and Soviet political commissar behind the Wehrmacht lines of Operation Barbarossa.As a military term, the German… …   Wikipedia

  • Einsatzgruppe A — Die Einsatzgruppen der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD (abgekürzt EGr) waren deutsche „Sondereinheiten“ (Spezialeinheiten), die das Regime des Nationalsozialismus im Polenfeldzug 1939 und im Russlandfeldzug 1941–1945 für Massenmorde an Zivilisten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.